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Transcript of Barn Owl - Manuals/Published Manuals/Aves/Barn Owl.pdf  Husbandry Guidelines for Barn Owl Tyto...

  • Husbandry Guidelines for

    Barn Owl Tyto alba

    Aves: Tytonidae

    Figures 1 and 2 Owls holding their prey

    Author: Alana Sieders

    Date of Preparation: February 2009

    Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, Richmond

    Course Name and Number: Captive Animals RUV30204

    Lecturer: Graeme Phipps, Jackie Salkeld and Brad Walker

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................ ...52 TAXONOMY ...................................................................................................................................... 7

    2.1 NOMENCLATURE .......................................................................................................................... 72.2 SUBSPECIES .................................................................................................................................. 72.3 RECENT SYNONYMS ..................................................................................................................... 72.4 OTHER COMMON NAMES ............................................................................................................. 7

    3 NATURAL HISTORY ........................................................................................................................ 83.1 MORPHOMETRICS ......................................................................................................................... 9

    3.1.1 Mass And Basic Body Measurements ................................................................................... 103.1.2 Sexual Dimorphism ............................................................................................................... 103.1.3 Distinguishing Features ........................................................................................................ 10

    3.2 DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT ..................................................................................................... 103.3 CONSERVATION STATUS ............................................................................................................ 113.4 LONGEVITY ................................................................................................................................ 12

    3.4.1 In the Wild ............................................................................................................................ 123.4.2 In Captivity ........................................................................................................................... 123.4.3 Techniques Used to Determine Age in Adults ....................................................................... 12

    4 HOUSING REQUIREMENTS ........................................................................................................ 134.1 EXHIBIT/ENCLOSURE DESIGN .................................................................................................... 134.2 HOLDING AREA DESIGN ............................................................................................................. 154.3 SPATIAL REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................ 154.4 POSITION OF ENCLOSURES ......................................................................................................... 164.5 WEATHER PROTECTION .............................................................................................................. 164.6 TEMPERATURE REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................................. 164.7 SUBSTRATE ................................................................................................................................ 164.8 NESTBOXES AND/OR BEDDING MATERIAL ................................................................................. 174.9 ENCLOSURE FURNISHINGS ......................................................................................................... 18

    5 GENERAL HUSBANDRY ............................................................................................................... 195.1 HYGIENE AND CLEANING ........................................................................................................... 195.2 RECORD KEEPING ....................................................................................................................... 205.3 METHODS OF IDENTIFICATION .................................................................................................... 205.4 ROUTINE DATA COLLECTION ..................................................................................................... 21

    6 FEEDING REQUIREMENTS ......................................................................................................... 226.1 DIET IN THE WILD ...................................................................................................................... 226.2 CAPTIVE DIET ............................................................................................................................ 236.3 SUPPLEMENTS ............................................................................................................................ 246.4 PRESENTATION OF FOOD ............................................................................................................ 24

    7 HANDLING AND TRANSPORT .................................................................................................... 257.1 TIMING OF CAPTURE AND HANDLING ......................................................................................... 257.2 CATCHING BAGS ........................................................................................................................ 257.3 CAPTURE AND RESTRAINT TECHNIQUES .................................................................................... 257.4 WEIGHING AND EXAMINATION .................................................................................................. 267.5 RELEASE .................................................................................................................................... 267.6 TRANSPORT REQUIREMENTS ...................................................................................................... 26

    7.6.1 Box Design ............................................................................................................................ 267.6.2 Furnishings ........................................................................................................................... 277.6.3 Water and Food .................................................................................................................... 277.6.4 Animals per Box .................................................................................................................... 27

  • 7.6.5 Timing of Transportation ...................................................................................................... 277.6.6 Release from Box .................................................................................................................. 27

    8 HEALTH REQUIREMENTS .......................................................................................................... 288.1 DAILY HEALTH CHECKS ............................................................................................................. 288.2 DETAILED PHYSICAL EXAMINATION .......................................................................................... 28

    8.2.1 Chemical Restraint ............................................................................................................... 288.2.2 Physical Examination ........................................................................................................... 29

    8.3 ROUTINE TREATMENTS .............................................................................................................. 308.4 KNOWN HEALTH PROBLEMS ...................................................................................................... 308.5 QUARANTINE REQUIREMENTS .................................................................................................... 32

    9 BEHAVIOUR.................................................................................................................................... 33 9.1 ACTIVITY ................................................................................................................................... 33 9.2 SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR ............................................................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.9.3 REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOUR ................................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.9.4 BATHING .............................................................................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.9.5 BEHAVIOURAL PROBLEMS ................................................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.9.6 SIGNS OF STRESS .............................................................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.35 9.7 BEHAVIOURAL ENRICHMENT ............................................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.9.8 INTRODUCTIONS AND REMOVALS ........................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.9.9 INTRASPECIFIC COMPATIBILITY ......................................... 3ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.9.10 INTERSPECIFIC COMPATIBILITY ........................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.38 9.11 SUITABILITY TO CAPTIVITY .................................................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.

    10 BREEDING .................................