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About bananas

Transcript of banana coal.docx

Leader: Sacilioc, Jessamine Padua, Karizza Politado, Myra Quiachon, Jozette Reyes, Isabel Francheska Reyes, Maria Fe Reynaldo, Jomarie Kristine Sanchez, Karen Mae

Manufactured by: Musaceae Corporation 599 P. Ocampo St. 1004 Malate, Manila Philippines Tel Nos.: 897-56-98 / 09164587896

I.

Product Concept

The idea of creating charcoal made from banana peel is mostly because of the environmental problem it causes. The demand of bananas not only in the Philippines is very promising. Bananas, aside from being sold as food, are also used as fertilizer, animal feed, and for medicinal purposes. Banana peels are becoming a serious environmental problem caused by the banana production. Advantages of Banana Peel Charcoal 1. The things you need are simply banana peel, flour, and water. The procedure of making the briquettes is also easy. 2. Banana Briquettes can light up faster compare to coconut briquettes that you need extra efforts in it in order to light. 3. Reduces deforestation. 4. Briquettes are also being used by poultry farmers as warmers in their poultry farms, they no longer need electricity. 5. Agricultural wastes will be minimized. 6. Burning is minimized. It does not take hours for the charcoal to partially burn. Materials Needed Banana peel the skin of banana (main ingredient of the charcoal) Banana peel is also a great source of energy which can be converted into fuel that can be used for cooking and other households that require fuel such as lighting and heating. We decided to use banana instead of wood because using banana is very environment friendly. This will help reduce deforestation. We prefer banana peel so that it will become useful instead of being put into waste. This will make a significant contribution to climate change.

Cassava flour Serves as binder to prevent charcoal from cracking. Flour contains gluten, which makes it less effective than cornstarch as a thickener, but it is gluten's binding properties that allow bread to rise and to keep its shape. Binding with flour generally involves adding it to a liquid. Water Mixed with the cassava flour

Equipments Empty Can/Plastic cups Mask Gloves Covering for the hands, with compartments for the thumb and fingers. Covering for the eyes, mouth, or whole face. Used as a charcoal molder

Spoon/Shovel Stove Used for burning the charcoal partially Long handled implement with a broad scoop

II. Product

4Ps

The banana charcoal can be considered as one of the most environmental charcoal that ever existed because it does not cut trees or use any material that can harm the environment. Although there were lots of charcoals that have been produced, we are competent about our product. It can also give other features that other charcoals have. Its difference from other charcoals is it can ignite faster than the normal charcoal. We can offer our charcoal with a competitive price compared to our competitors. Wood charcoals can crack and become smaller pieces that cause the whole sack of charcoal to last shorter. The advantage of banana charcoal is it is bound with the proper amount of flour and water to make it hard and even.

Wood Charcoal Takes 3-4 minutes to light up The process involves many hours

Banana Charcoal Takes 2-3 minutes to light up Process is less time consuming because hating does not take hours

Cracks easily

Does not crack easily because it is fully bound by the flour

Price ranges from 300-350 per 25 kg if the Our price is 206.94 and we offer it with similar quality is good or if the sack contains big shapes and sizes charcoal pieces

Price The average weight of a bunch of Cardava banana ranges from 35-50 kilograms. Assuming that the bunch weighs 50 kilograms, divide it by 20. You will get 2.5 kilograms per banana. The banana peel is 20-30% of the bananas weight. So if you multiply 2.5 kilograms by 18%, you will get 44 grams as the weight of each banana peel.

Raw Materials (For production of banana charcoal per piece) INGREDIENTS Banana Peel Cassava flour Water 1 banana peel 1 tsp. 3 ml. WEIGHT (grams) 44 grams 5 grams 3 grams 52 grams VOLUME (100%) 84.62% 9.62% 5.77% 100%

TOTAL WEIGHT OF THE PRODUCT (Banana Charcoal)

After burning, the mass changes. The 52-gram charcoal before burning is now 2.8 grams or 0.028 kilograms. 5.4% is the remaining mass of the burned charcoal. Meaning there would be 893 pieces of banana charcoal per sack.

For production of 25 kg banana charcoal INGREDIENTS Banana Peel 44.65 bunches of banana peels Cassava flour Water 9.84 cups 2.69 liters 2.23 kg 2.69 kg 44.21 kg 5.05% 6.09% 100% WEIGHT (kilograms) 39.29 kg VOLUME (100%) 88.87%

TOTAL WEIGHT OF THE PRODUCT (Banana Charcoal)

PRICE (FINANCIAL COSTING) INGREDIENTS RETAIL PRICE PRICE OF THE USED INGREDIENTS Banana Peel 5000 kg/truck (collected) P 71.43

Cassava flour Water

30 kg/sack P 600.00 Per cubic meter - P 35.00

P 36.47 P 10.00

TOTAL MANUFACTURING COST Plus Labor cost Plus mark up price TOTAL COST OF THE PRODUCT (Banana Charcoal)

P 117.9 P 29.48 P 58.96 P 206.34

The daily consumption of some establishments using charcoal Sr. Pedro Lechong Manok Wood charcoal Number of 1 1-2 1 2 1 Baliwag Lechon Manok Mang Boks Manok Mang Inasal Jinggoys

sacks per day (weekdays) (Weekends) How

2

3-4 4 hours

1 4 hours

2-3 5 hours

1 8 hours

long 8 hours

does a sack last

A sack requires kg of banana peels which means 44.65 bunches of bananas. A piece of banana charcoal lasts for 30 minutes. If the whole sack of banana charcoals will be used together, it can last for longer than 5 hours. If it is used partly, it can last for 8 hours. Banana charcoal can match the performance of a wood charcoal and is offered for only P206.34.

Place Target market 1. B2B will be our top priority, industries like restaurants, grilled chicken, or other establishments who use charcoal as a key to produce their product 2. Families who use gas or energy to cook food (LPG can last for a month for a regular household. If a 25 kg sack of charcoal that costs 206.34 can last for more than 2 weeks for a regular household, it will cost them for only P 412.68)

Distribution Aside from supplying B2B, we will also be placing our charcoal in supermarkets in small packages. A website will also be created for information about Acuminata and contact number will also be provided for deliveries and inquiries. Our company will be at 599 P. Ocampo St. 1004 Malate, Manila Philippines. We provide ideal access to top tourist attractions and famous structures here in Manila. It is also walking distance to the number of restaurants, bars, hotels that need charcoal.

Promotional Strategies For promotion, we will be using newspapers and radio. Being featured in media ads will help our product to be known faster and be appreciated by people since we promote nondeforestation. Also, we will be attending expo related to charcoal for other businesses to have information about our brand.

Competitors

Unit Acuminata Banana Charcoal Carmen Coco Charcoal Arjael Coconut Charcoal Mapecon Green Charcoal Mapecon Wood charcoal Solane 25 kg/sack 15 kg/sack 20 kg/sack 25 kg/sack 25 kg/sack 1 tank

Price P 206.34 P 290.00 P 355.75 P 365.00 P 300.00 P 800.00

III.

Organizational Chart

GENERAL MANAGERACCOUNTANT MARKETING MANAGER PRODUCTION MANAGER BOOK KEEPER

SERVICE ASSISTANTCOLLECTOR

CHOPPER

MIXER

MOLDER

PACKER

PORTER

DRIVER

We chose Corporation as our organization because it is most common form of business organization, and one which is chartered by a state and given many legal rights as an entity separate from its owners. In this form of business we can get an advantage because it is characterized by the limited liability of its owners, the issuance of shares of easily transferable stock, and existence as a going concern. Aside from the personal protection of a corporation, there are other advantages

Our production will be 28 working days and 30 sacks will be produced in a day. 50 production laborers will be employed which are divided by 20 choppers, 15 mixers, 15 molders, and 15 packers Plus 2 collectors, 1 porter and 1 driver. The corporation consists of 75 employees. Each organization is made up of different department. Each department contributes to the running of the business. The most common departments are production, marketing & sales, finance, human resources, and in some cases, information technology department.

Under marketing & sales department we have a marketing manager. Marketing manager is the one who assigned in the main section of the market department which are sales, research & development, and promotion.

Production manager is under production department. Production manager is responsible for making sure that raw materials are provided and made into finished goods effectively. He or she must make sure that work is carried out smoothly, and must supervise procedures for making work more efficient and more enjoyable.

Book keeper is under finance department. They are in charged in keeping records of the purchases and sales made by a business as well as capital spending.

Service assistant are the entry, developmental and first working level in the series.

Collector, Driver, & Porter are under logistics department because it deals with transporting resources. It can be supplies, products, and internal transfers. While Chopper, Mixer, Molder, and Packer are under production department, its responsible for converting inputs into outputs through the stages of production process.

IV.

Production Process

Collect banana peels from cl