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  • Awaken to theBuddhaWithin

    ShiWuling

  • Venerable Wuling is an American Buddhist nun of the Pure Land

    school of Mahayana Buddhism. More of her writing can be found at

    www.abuddhistperspective.org.

    Amitabha Publications, Chicago, 60532

    2006 by Amitabha Publications

    No part of this book may be altered without permission from the

    publisher. Reprinting is allowed for non-profit use.

    For the latest edition, contact www.amitabha-publications.org

    Printed in Taiwan

    16 15 14 13 8 9 10 11 12

    ISBN: 978-1-59975-355-3

    Hong Kong Buddhist Education Foundation Ltd.

    7&9F, Maxwell Centre, 39-41 Hankow Rd.

    Tsim Sha Tsui, KLN, Hong Kong

    T: (852) 2314 7099 F: (852) 2314 1929

    E: amtbhk1@budaedu.org.hk

  • CONTENTS

    Acknowledgment vii

    Buddhism Today 1

    He Who Has Accomplished His Goal 8

    The Great Awakening 18

    Turning the Dharma Wheel 28

    The Path to Liberation 38

    Karma and Rebirth 49

    The Three Dharma Seals 60

    The Four Immeasurable Minds 65

    The Five Precepts 72

    The Six Paramitas 80

    Taking the Three Refuges 116

    Pure Land Buddhism 121

  • QACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    With deep appreciation, I thank all those who havecontributed to this book: family, friends, fellowstudents, and teachers. Without their support andpatience, this book could never have come into being.

    I thank my teacher, Master Chin Kung, who overthe past decade has wisely taught me the principlesthat are woven throughout this book. I thank my fellowstudents and friends who have so kindly taken the timeto serve as consultants and editors. Any errors thatremain are my own.

    I am deeply grateful to my parents, Milton andEvelyn Bolender, who provided the opportunity for meto follow my path in this lifetime. Without them, thisbook, my life, would never have happened. Mygratitude to them can never be repaid.

    Shi Wuling

  • BUDDHISM TODAY

    1

    ABUDDHISM TODAY

    One day, a famous government official, who was alsoa poet, was passing along a road. He saw an oldmonk teaching Buddhism. This was hardly unusualexcept that the monk was seated on a tree branch.The official asked the elderly monk what he was do-ing. After all, the monk was in a very precarious posi-tion. One wrong move and he could fall to his death!

    The monk replied that the officials position waseven more precarious. If the monk made a carelessmove, he alone might be killed. But if the officialmade a mistake, it could cost the lives of thousands.

    The official considered this and decided that itwas a very good reply. He told the monk that if hecould explain the essence of Buddhism in one sen-tence, then he would become the monks student.Easy! said the monk. The essence of Buddhism isto avoid all that is evil, to embrace all that is good,

  • AWAKEN TO THE BUDDHA WITHIN

    2

    and to purify ones mind. The official scoffed, Isthat all? Even a child of three knows that!" Themonk replied that while it was true that a child ofthree may realize it, there was no certainty that aman of eighty could practice it.

    The master in our story was absolutely right. It isone thing to know what we are supposed to do; doingso is an entirely different matter. But without doingwhat is good, we will be unable to benefit others orourselves: We will be unable to help all beings findtheir way to genuine happiness and secure their lib-eration from suffering.

    How do we begin to realize the truth? And thenhow do we think and behave when we have done so?We can begin by looking at how Buddhism is viewedand defined today. Many people respect Buddhismfor its strong ethical belief system, which focuses ontraining ones own mind and body rather than oncontrolling others. Buddhism is valued for its teach-ings, which stress the daily observance of compas-sion for all beings, and for its emphasis on under-standing the eternal principles of life, which will leadus to awaken our innate wisdom.

    Anyone can practice the various meditation meth-

  • BUDDHISM TODAY

    3

    ods, as well as the chanting of mantras or of a Bud-dhas name. All of these will help to increase onesawareness and concentration, which can help leadone to awakening, or simply enable one to attain acalmer and clearer mind.

    Buddhism has a long history of the practice ofequanimity and peace. A war has never been de-clared in its name. And in a world which has seenuntold suffering from war, a belief system that fo-cuses on looking within to overcome ones ownshortcomings, not on conquering other people, ishighly respected.

    Understanding and practicing the teachings willenable us to find the answers to our questions and tolearn how to lead more meaningful lives. Like allgood teachings, what the Buddha taught can benefitall people, Buddhists and non-Buddhists alike.

    Today, many people regard Buddhism as a relig-ion. Merriam-Websters Collegiate Dictionary de-fines religion as the service and worship of God.But Buddhas are not gods. The person whom weknow as the Buddha, over many lifetimes, uncoveredthe goodness, compassion, and wisdom that laywithin his true nature. He achieved supreme

  • AWAKEN TO THE BUDDHA WITHIN

    4

    enlightenment and in doing so became an example ofwhat we, too, can achieve: We have within each ofus our true nature, our own Buddha-nature, that iswaiting to be fully awakened.

    Once, the Buddha was asked if he was a god. TheBuddha replied that, no, he was not a god. Then washe an angel? No. A spirit? No. Then what was he?The Buddha replied that he was awakened. Since theBuddha, by his own explanation, is not a god, we donot worship him. We respect and are grateful to himfor teaching us the Way to be liberated from the cy-cle of birth, death, and rebirth, and to become per-fectly enlightened just as he was.

    Religion is also considered a belief in a supernatu-ral power or powers regarded as the creator and rulerof the universe. But the Buddha is neither.

    The Buddha did not create the universe. Havingobserved the reality of basic eternal principles, heexplained that everything arises from our minds. Ineffect, the universe is the creation of all our thoughtsand behavior, not the creation of any one being.

    Neither does the Buddha govern the universe.The natural law of causality determines what willhappen. Simply put, we reap what we sow. If we

  • BUDDHISM TODAY

    5

    plant the seeds for wheat, we will harvest wheat.Likewise, if we plant the seeds for kindness, for ex-ample, by caring for others, we will receive kindnessin turn. We have already sown the seeds, some goodand some bad. Some lie dormant within us, just asothers have already matured.

    We bear the consequences of our thoughts,speech, and actions that we initiated in the past. Noother being, no matter how wise or compassionate,can bear the consequences on our behalf. We aloneare responsible for our individual lives. Just as ourlives today are the direct results of what we did in thepast, what we do today will, similarly and unequivo-cally, create our future.

    It is the belief of many religions that heaven and hellare permanent and everlasting. As Buddhists, we be-lieve that while our lives in the heaven and hell realmsare eons long and may therefore seem eternal, they arenot. We rise and fall through the realms of existence asour good actions help us to rise to better lifetimes whileour bad behavior literally brings us down. We riseagain, only to fall yet again. We have done this, overand over again, innumerable times. Some lifetimes lastjust a matter of days. Others last longer than we can

  • AWAKEN TO THE BUDDHA WITHIN

    6

    possibly imagine. But within the realms of existence, ofwhich heaven and hell are a part, no life is permanent.And no lifetime is eternal. Because of this aimless re-cycling, Buddhists seek to transcend this cycle throughawakening, through enlightenment.

    What about the concept of Buddhism as a philoso-phy? By studying Buddhism in this context, peoplewill likely fail to achieve lasting benefits because theywill not practice the teachings. And without practice,no one can achieve enlightenment. Also, philosophy isjust one field studied in school, whereas Buddhism ac-tually encompasses and transcends every single field.In regards to time, Buddhism encompasses the past,present, and future. In regards to space, it encompasseseverything: from our daily lives to the infinite universe.

    So if Buddhism is neither a religion nor a phi-losophy, what is it? Buddhism is a way of under-standing life and the universe, and of practicing thatunderstanding to end unhappiness. It is a way of lifeand a state of mind. Buddhism is a teaching: a sys-tematic learning of eternal truths.

    In the sutras, which are recorded teachings of theBuddha, and occasionally of bodhisattvas, we read thathe was spoken of as our original teacher. Those who

  • BUDDHISM TODAY

    7

    listened to him were called students. When thestudents asked questions of the Buddha, he wouldoften reply with another question. This was to help thestudents realize the answer for themselves. If thestudents did not thoroughly understand, or if theythought that the Buddhas future students would notthoroughly understand, they would seek furtherclarification by asking more questions. These sesssionswere essentially classroom discussions that followedthe pattern we call the Socratic method, a methodexemplified by the Greek philosopher Socrates, wholived in Greece well after the Buddha lived in India.

    The Buddha did not conduct ceremonies. Hesimply taught and practiced what he taught. As ateacher, he stepped out of the confines of the time inwhich he