Avoid plagiarism may 2011

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  • 2016 The University of the West Indies Mona LibraryThe Mona Information Literacy Unit

    *Each time you do any form of academic writing you create a new product. In the process of creating this new product, you borrowed material from other writers. How would someone reading your work know what was your ideas, and what was borrowed? Yes, it is through citations/referencing. It is through doing in-text citations that you mark boundaries so to speak, and then follow through with full references at the end of your work. For next few minutes we will examine how to avoid plagiarism by doing correct/proper citations.

  • Thesis Guide: A Guide for the Preparation of Thesis and Research PapersA fundamental rule of good scholarship is that the basic research be reliable and correct and that all sources be acknowledged. (11)

    The Thesis Guide speaks to the importance of proper citation. Acknowledging sources demonstrates good scholarship and shows respect for authorship intellectual property *

  • Do you have a clear definition of plagiarism? Do you understand why plagiarism is unacceptable?Do you know that the UWI has a policy on plagiarism?Do you understand the benefits of proper citation and of challenging yourself to engage with sources?Do you know the recommended style manual for your department?

  • At the end of this presentation you should be able to:

    define the term plagiarismdescribe the various ways individuals may plagiarizediscuss the reasons why students plagiarizeoutline the various ways plagiarism may be detectedexplain how plagiarism may be avoideddemonstrate how to avoid plagiarism

    Learning Outcomes

    State the outcomes It is important that all students know what is plagiarism and how to avoid it. Many students can define it but rarely know how to avoid it.*

  • Kidnapping Intellectual Property

    http://www2.upei.ca/library/plagiarism/tutorial/introduction.phpPlagiarism comes from a Latin word plagiarius which means to kidnap. It therefore means that if someone plagiarizes, whether intentionally or unintentionally, he or she is kidnapping and stealing the work of someone else.Kidnapping

    Kidnapping is a crime, therefore plagiarism is considered a crime stealing other individuals ideas, failing to acknowledge sources.*

  • Plagiarism-University of the West Indies Plagiarism is defined as the unacknowledged use of the words, ideas or creations of another. The principal categories of unacknowledged use are unacknowledged quotation, which is failure to credit quotations of another persons spoken or written words; and unattributed borrowing, which is failure to credit another persons ideas, opinions, theories, graphs or diagrams. Unattributed borrowing also includes the failure to credit another persons work when paraphrasing from that work.

    Office of the Board for Undergraduate Studies. Undergraduate Student Anti-Plagiarism Policy. April 2010.

    The UWI has a clearly written policy on plagiarism. Definition found on these two slides. Read through the definition on both slides. Click on the link (heading) on the next page to go to the UWI website.*

  • Plagiarism - University of the West Indies(click on this link) Cosmetic paraphrasing is also plagiarism. This can occur when an acknowledgement is made but the words are so close to the original that what is deemed to have been paraphrased is, in fact, a modified quote. A more technical form of plagiarism is wrongly attributed borrowing, where one does not acknowledge the work from which one obtained an idea, but quotes, instead, from the original source, which may well convey a broader research effort than what actually took place.

    Office of the Board for Undergraduate Studies. Undergraduate Student Anti-Plagiarism Policy. April 2010.

    Click on the link (heading) on this page to go to the UWI website. Read the headings. Highlight the point which states that students degrees can be revoked even after they have graduated, if the UWI finds that they have plagiarised (Statute 15)*

  • Plagiarism is NOT tolerated at UWI

    FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCESWeekend Degree Programmes Student Handbook 2010/11

    UNDERGRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR 2009/2010. Presenting and documenting material in Course Essays- Dr. L. Stirton (page 157)

    Open Campus-Quality Assurance Unit

    OBUS Documents. Undergraduate Student Anti-Plagiarism Policy

    School for Graduate Studies and Research - Information Portal

    These links indicate the position of departments, faculties, and the universitys position on plagiarism zero tolerance. The article written by Dr. Stirton and published as an Appendix in the Undergraduate Student Handbook is a must read for tips and guidance on how to do in-text citations*

  • ExamplesCutting and pasting blocks of information from the Internet to create a patchwork paperSubmitting another persons paper as ones ownPurchasing/downloading a paper or copying an article and submitting it as ones ownUsing images/data without acknowledgementUsing information gained from an interview ( in person, by e-mail or telephone) without stating the sourceIn an assignment where there was collaborative preparatory work, submitting substantially the same final version of any material as another student. http://www.international.mq.edu.au/oneworld/currentstudents/glossaryResubmitting a paper written for one course in another course without permissionQuoting without quotation marks and/or citationSummarizing another persons work/findings without citing the sourceRe-using too many of the words and phrases from the original source; substituting synonyms but copying sentence structure/order of argument


  • Why do students plagiarize?Lack of knowledge about plagiarismPoor note-taking -- cryptomnesia (Harris, 2001, p. 11)Over-reliance on others ideasLack of confidence about ones own writing skillsLazinessLack of penaltiesStress

    *Unclear about what is involved in plagiarismFailing to take accurate notes, then start to believe that what they read was their own ideasLack of confidence in ones own writing skills leading to over reliance on other authorsNo penalties hardened in the courseLeaving too much for the last minute, or failure to schedule time properly lead to anxiety, panic attacks etc

  • Obvious Clues : Lack of consistency - copy and paste papers, lack of seamlessness in flow and logic of argument (Harris, Ch. 4)Subtle Clues: Variation in style and diction; writing style may change from section to section, may be too sophisticated for the writer or lack currency (Harris, Ch. 4)Online Resources: Use several search engines for broad coverage as well as the following websitesEssaycrawler http://www.essaycrawler.comEssayfinderhttp://www.essayfinder.comFindsame http://www.findsame.com Duplichecker http://www.duplichecker.com free software that allows you to enter text in a large search box Turnitin: software used at UWI - has a database of papers

    Detecting Plagiarism

  • Is this plagiarism?You find on the web Image taken from http://www.reggaemovement.com/reggaeartists/images/ivibes/I-Vibes%20Crew.jpgYou useClass Assignment

    The significance of Reggae Music to world music is as yet unrecognized and .. Discuss

    Name: Joe BrownID: 2044444444Course: MU10AYes. You must state the source of images and other media as well as text.

    Is this plagiarism. Click to get all the feature on. Wait for the discussion before bringing on the point that states that failure to acknowledge the source of the photograph is plagiarism.*

  • Based on: Harris, R. The Plagiarism Handbook. Los Angeles: Pyrczak Publishing, 2001.Is this plagiarism?You read:-Some students create a paper by taking a paragraph here and a paragraph there and pasting them all together into an essay. These assembly-kit papers are often betrayed by wide variations in tone, diction and style.You write:-Some students write their essays by taking different paragraphs from various books and assembling them in their papers. These assembly-kit papers are often betrayed by wide variations in tone, diction and style. (Harris, 16)Yes! Even though you have cited the author, it appears as though only the last sentence is attributed to him. You need to make it clear that the first sentence is also the authors idea.

    Is this plagiarism. Discuss the importance of framing the work so as to avoid plagiarism. The student should have said : According to Harris some students write their essays by pulling information from a variety of sources without any regards to whether the ideas flow (16). These assembly-kit papers are often betrayed by wide variations in tone, diction and style. (Harris, 16)*

  • Avoid Plagiarism : Cite Your SourcesCreate links to the original sources consulted

    in the body of your paper: in-text citation at the end of your paper in a list of all the works cited:

    Bibliography/References/ Works Cited.

  • Avoid Plagiarism Use In-Text CitationMark the BoundariesIntroduction/lead-insummary/quotationnotation Example:Fletcher also noted that distance learning programs are offered by two-thirds of colleges and universities, and the percentage of institutions offering accredited degrees through distance learning has increased to about 55% (2004, p. 2).------------------Fletcher, G. (2004). The Future of e-learning. THE Journal, 32(2), 23. Retrieved July 23, 2008, from http://www.thejournal.com/articles/16899 [placed at the end of paper]

    Three basic steps to in-text citations. 1. The introduction or framing/marking statement According Harris/Harris states/Harris posited. 2. Next the summary/ quotation/ paraphrase 3. Notation the page reference. Each in-text citation must be followed by a full citation at the