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- 1. The Commonwealth of Australia Lecturer: Kob Isa Group Members Name: Ekchan ProsPov Ea Vatana Heang Chan Borey Ean Socheata ChaoChan Thavy CAMBODIAN INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY 25 June 2014
- 2. Content Introduction Etymology History States and territories Geography and Climate Environment Economy Demographics Culture
- 3. Australia Population- 23,110,916 Area- 7,692,024 km2 Prime Minister Kevin Rudd Language- English
- 4. Introduction Officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and many smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. Its an Island, surrounded by water Its the smallest continent in the world.
- 5. The Australian Flag Union Flag 6th British colony. Southern cross symbolizes the constellation. The Commonwealth 7 pointed star represents the 7 territories.
- 6. The Coat of Arms
- 7. Etymology The name Australia is derived from the Latin australis, meaning "southern" The name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who pushed for it to be formally adopted as early as 1804. When preparing his manuscript and charts for his 1814 A Voyage to Terra Australis.
- 8. Etymology European landfall on the Australian continent were attributed to the Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon. Governor Lachlan Macquarie of New South Wales subsequently used the word in his dispatches to England, and in 1817 recommended that it be officially adopted. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known officially as "Australia".
- 9. History of Australia Discovered by the Dutch in the early 1600s. But it was Englishman James Cook who claimed Australia for Britain in 1770. Britain 1st used the country as a penal colony and a total of 160,000 people came to Australia as convicts. Britain sent prisoners and criminals to Australia.
- 10. History of Australia Finally in 1901 that the whole of Australia came under 1 constitution.
- 11. History of Australia The British Crown Colony of New South Wales started with the establishment of a settlement at Port Jackson by Captain Arthur Phillip on 26 January 1788. This date was later to become Australia's national day, Australia Day.
- 12. History of Australia
- 13. History of Australia The first human habitation of Australia is estimated to have occurred between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. These first Australians were the ancestors of the current Indigenous Australians; they arrived via land bridges and short sea-crossings from present-day South-East Asia. The first human habitation of Australia is estimated to have occurred between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. These first Australians were the ancestors of the current Indigenous Australians; they arrived via land bridges and short sea- crossings from present-day South-East Asia.
- 14. Australian Aborigines: People scattered across the continent living as hunters and gatherers. 300 clans, 250 languages and 700 dialects. All share the belief of Dreamtime. Native Australians. The Aborigines have lived in Australia for over 40,000 years. Now they only represent 1% of the population. The total population of Australia is 22 million.
- 15. Government of Australia Government of Australia Parliament House, Canberra was opened in 1988, replacing the provisional Parliament House building opened in 1927. Australia is a constitutional monarchy with a federal division of powers. Australia has a federal parliamentary democracy.
- 16. Political Issues Since the 1 January 1901, the six old colonies came under one federation, and the Commonwealth of Australia was formed. There are three branches in the government: The legislature: The executive: The judiciary: The capital city is Canberra, located in the Australian Capital Territory.
- 17. Political Issues There are three major political parties: The Australian Labor Party The Liberal Party The National Party.
- 18. Government Queen Elizabeth II (England) is the head of state. She does not run the country, but she signs laws, approves elections, and is commander-in-chief of the military. The prime minister recommends someone to represent the Queen in Australiathe governor- general. The prime minister is the head of the government & has the most political power. leader of the political party with the most members in the Commonwealth Parliament
- 19. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
- 20. Tony Abbott the Prime Minister of Australia
- 21. States and territories of Australia Australia is composed of 6 States and 2 Territories: the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Canberra 6 States: New South Wales (NSW), Queensland (QLD), South Australia (SA), Tasmania (TAS), Victoria(VIC) and Western Australia (WA) 2 major mainland territories: The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory (NT).
- 22. States and territories of Australia Where are the majority of important cities in Australia?
- 23. Cities The capital city is Canberra. The biggest city is Sydney, where there is the famous Sydney Opera House.
- 24. Other Important Cities Melbourne Adelaide
- 25. Other Important Cities Brisbane Perth
- 26. Foreign Relations and Military Australias foreign relations driven by close associations with the UNITED STATES Australia has a strong desire to develop relationships with Asia and the Pacific Australia is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Australia has pursued the cause of international trade liberation. Australia is a founding member of the United Nations and maintains an international aid programme under which 60 countries receive assistance.
- 27. Geography and Climate Australia's landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometers (2,941,300 sq. mi) is on the Ondo-Australian Plate. Surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. The world's smallest continent and sixth largest country by total area. Its sometimes considered the worlds largest island. Excluding Macquarie, Australia lies between latitudes 9 and 44S, and longitudes 112 and 154E.
- 28. Geography and Climate Australias size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with tropical rainforests in the north-east, mountain ranges in the south-east, south-west and east, and dry desert in the centre. It is the flattest continent, with the oldest and least fertile soils; desert or semi-arid land commonly known as the outback makes up by far the largest portion of land.
- 29. tropical rainforests tropical rainforests
- 30. The middle part of the country is called the outback. The outback does not get very much rain and is very dry. Not very many people live in the outback. The middle part of the country is called the outback. The outback does not get very much rain and is very dry. Not very many people live in the outback.
- 31. There are not many schools in the outback. Children who live on stations and can not get to school use a two way radio to hear their teachers' lessons
- 32. Ayers Rock or Uluru Kangaroos in the Outback
- 33. The Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest coral reef, lies a short distance off the north-east coast and extends for over 2,000 kilometres (1,240 mi). It is made up of coral and algae. Coral are tiny invertebrate animals. It is also the world's largest living structure.
- 34. Geography and Climate Australia is in the Southern Hemisphere. Because it is south of the equator, the seasons in Australia are the opposite of those in Europe: its winter in Australia when its summer in Europe. LOCATION
- 35. Environment of Australia Although most of Australia is semi-arid or desert, it includes a diverse range of habitats from alpine heaths to tropical rainforests, and is recognized as a mega diverse country. Because of the continent's great age, extremely variable weather patterns, and long-term geographic isolation, much of Australia's biota is unique and diverse.
- 36. Environment of Australia The koala and the eucalyptus form an iconic Australian pair Approximately 85% of flowering plants, 84% of mammals, more than 45% of birds, and 89% of in-shore, temperate- zone fish are endemic. Australia has the greatest number of reptiles of any country, with 755 species. Australian forests are mostly made up of evergreen species, particularly eucalyptus trees in the less arid regions, wattles replace them in drier regions and deserts as the most dominant species.
- 37. TYPICAL ANIMALS Koala Kangaroo Sugar glider
- 38. Dingo Platypus Tasmanian devil Possum Wombat
- 39. SOME AUSTRALIAN SYMBOLS
- 40. Kangaroo Echidna Reptiles
- 41. Economy of Australia Australia is a wealthy country with a market economy, a relatively high GDP per capita, and a relatively low rate of poverty. Australia is the thirteenth largest economy in the world.
- 42. CURRENCY The currency is the Australian dollar.
- 43. Resources Australia is rich in mineral resources, notably bauxite, coal, diamonds, gold, iron ore, mineral sands, natural gas, nickel, petroleum, and uranium. Readily cultivable farmland is at a premium because much of the land is desert. Iron ore
- 44. Demographics - Language Language- Australian English The next most common languages spoken at home are Mandarin (1.7%),Italian (1.5%), Arabic (1.4%), Cantonese (1.3%), Greek (1.3%), and Vietnamese (1.2%). Australia has a sign language known as Auslan, which is the main language of about 5,500 deaf people.
- 45. Religion Religion: Religion is freedom of choic 61.1% Christian - 25.3% Roman Catholic 17.1 %Anglican 22.3 % No