Aung san suu kyi pdf
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AUNG SAN SUU KYIThe Lady of Burma
AUNG SAN SUU KYI
Burma’s pro-democracy leader
Fought against former socialist leader General Ne-Win
Spent more than 15 years in under full watch (detention)
Most of it under house arrest
Colonized by the British
1940s- General Aung San led fight for independence from the British under Burma Independence Army
Aung San was assassinated by political rivals in 1947.
Independence in 1948- Democratic government and constitution established
1962 coup- military group overthrew the democratic government, led by General Ne Win
General Aung San
1962-1974 Military ruled the country headed by Gen. Ne Win
Business, media, production were under government control.
Under ‘the Burmese Way to Socialism’
Socialist government with superstitious belief.
In 1974, new constitution adopted, country was ruled as a one-party system.
Led to ‘the 8888 Uprising’ (8 August 1988)
General Ne Win
THE 8888 UPRISING (CAUSES)
Withdrawal of currency notes w/o compensation
Failure of the Burmese Way to Socialism
POLITICAL CAUSES (CONT)
Highly oppressive policies
Lack of freedom of speech
No guarantee of fair public trials
Suppression of ethnic minority groups
Flawed electoral laws
THE 8888 UPRISING
Demonstration/ Riots/ Civil Disobedience/ Strike Action
Monks, young children, university students, housewives, doctors, and lawyers
1 million protesters in Yangon, 500,000 at Schwedagon Pagoda, 500,000 at downtown Yangon, 100,000 in Mandalay
3,000-10,000 deaths, ten thousands fled to Thailand.
NATIONAL ICON FOR DEMOCRACY
In 1988, Aung San Suu Kyi returned home to Burma to be with her dying mother.
The 8888 Uprising inspired Aung San Suu Kyi.
Became a national icon of Burmese to democracy
Inspired by both Mahatama Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence and Buddhist concepts
Suu Kyi helped found the NLD, the National League for Demoracy, appointed Gen.Secretary
In 1990 Burmese dictatorship was forced to hold a general election. Suu Kyi was already being detained under house arrest before the election. (since 1989)
NLD won majority of seats in Parliament (392 out of 447), but results were ignored.
Over 2,000 members of the NLD was arrested.
Suu Kyi was held under house arrest until July, 1995
Received Nobel Peace Prize in 1991
In 2000- put under house arrest again
In 2002, she was released again with freedom to travel the country.
No phone, no mail, and no security
2007 SAFFRON REVOLUTION
2007 SAFFRON REVOLUTION
Saffron colored robe of monks
Increasing Oil Price up to 66%
30,000-100,000 people demonstrating in Yangon
The largest Burmese anti-government protest in 20 years
The military junta was sanctioned by the US, EU, and Canada
Remain under house arrest for almost 15 of the 21 years from July 1989
Recent release on 13 November 2010
Kim Aris was granted a visa in November 2010
First met in 10 years
Suu Kyi met with Hillary Clinton on 1 December 2011
Met Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra in Yangon on 21 December 2011
Met British Foreign Minister William Hague met Aung San Suu Kyi on 5 January 2012
Plan to run for the presidency in Myanmar’s 2015 elections
What does it take for a person to manage 15 years under house arrest?
If you were to meet Aung San Suu Kyi in person, what questions would you ask?