Assessing participation of IITA in cassava processing activities in Nigeria

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how technologies and processes developed,characteristics of innovations generated and their outcomes,impact of cassava processing research interventions on households and other sector participants.

Transcript of Assessing participation of IITA in cassava processing activities in Nigeria

  • 1.Assessing participation of IITA incassava processing activities in Nigeria T. Abdoulaye, A. Abass, B. Maziya-Dixon, G. Tarawali, R. Okechukwu, J. Rusike, A. Arega and V. Manyong.www.iita.org

2. Outline Background Methods Conceptual framework Preliminary results Observations from surveys Future work www.iita.org 3. Background Cassava impact well documented - productivity gains Processing research undocumented IITA promoted cassava processing - late 80s Processing increases demand and adoptionwww.iita.org 4. Background Processing options for farmers on labor resourcemanagement Research on cassava improvement and agriculturalengineering and processing and product development PI 2002 opened frontier for marketing processed productswww.iita.org 5. Objectives Credible evidence of the impact of IITA cassavaprocessing research or lack of it in NigeriaSpecifically identify:(a) technologies and processes developed and promoted -how(b) Characteristics of innovations generated and theiroutcomes(c) Impact of cassava processing research interventions onhouseholds and others sector participants(d) Lessons to be learned from interventions www.iita.org 6. Hypotheses Cassava processing research activities generated anew stream of outputs with potential to confer benefitsto market participants The innovations were adopted by fabricators andprocessors and resulted in the changes in theirefficiencies Improved varieties and Processing are complementarytechnologieswww.iita.org 7. Data AnalysisData will be analyzed using:- Descriptive statistics- Budgeting methods- Econometric models. including micro-econometricevaluation methods.www.iita.org 8. Approach Data from 14 states, 74 villages in 4regions of Nigeria 36 villages with IITA intervention38 villages with no-IITA intervention www.iita.org 9. Location of Surveyed communities www.iita.org 10. Data and SamplingHouseholdsMachineProcessors fabricatorsSouth West42214 10South East18437 48South South 253769North Central93016Total 95258 143www.iita.org 11. Cassava processing R4D Impact pathway (Adapted from Rusike et al, 2009)Inputs: Facilitation,Advocacy, labor, funds,plants, equipments etc.. OUTPUTS3. Training1. Modified/new2. Products - Workshop onequipments - Odorless Fufuimproving machines-Grater- HQCF- Capacity-Press- Better quality Gari building on-Fryers- Chips business skills-Sifters- Animal feed - Training on-Dryersprocess hygieneOutcomes: Farmers, Fabricators and Processors:Changes in knowledge and practices Increased business skills Cost savings More hygienic facilitiesNew business, new productsIncreased incomes Impact: Households, village, LGA, State and Nation www.iita.org 12. Selected Cassava productsin surveyed villages100 90 80 70% of villages 60 50 40 30 20 100Garri Odourlessfufu ChipsBakery flour Products 2009 1999www.iita.org 13. Main Cassava Production constraints807060% of villages5040302010 0 bad roadinadequate pest/disease low yieldinput market www.iita.org 14. Main cassava processing constraints70.0%60.0%50.0%% of Villages40.0%30.0%20.0%10.0%.0% inadequatebad roadinadequate far distance towater sourcesmarketprocessorwww.iita.org 15. Date of creation of processingenterprisesBefore 2000After 2000 www.iita.org 16. Ownership of enterprises CooperativeIncorporatedcompanySole proprietorship www.iita.org 17. Observations about Cassava processing sector in Nigeria Gari is still the most popular product making thegraters the most used equipment Stakeholders recognize IITA as catalyst ofchanges PI another important factor of change. With change in 2007, millers stopped orderingcassava flour www.iita.org 18. Observations about Cassavaprocessing sector in Nigeria Rent seekers could not compete true for bothfabricators and processors Others have adjusted and diversified Few firms are reconsidering vertical integration www.iita.org 19. Households use of improved Cassava7060% of households50403020100 More than 10 years 5-10 years Current 2009www.iita.org 20. Household Cassava utilization90807060% hoseholds50403020100boiling garri fufu flour dry chips blendind mixed cassava cassava making makingdry orflourleavesw etwww.iita.org 21. Households awareness and use ofCassava processing Equipments7060% of households50403020100 peeling grating chipping pressing sifting frying MachinesAware(%)Use(%)www.iita.org 22. Future Work1. Component approach to analyze complementarities and sequencing between processing and adoption of new varieties. Component approach will address if there are reasonsto justify intervention2. System analysis using intervention and non- intervention site to measure impact of interventions as a whole R4D approach System approach will focus on whether interventionsas a whole lead to impact www.iita.org 23. Future work- Use micro-econometrics approach to estimate impactbased on with and without R4D intervention by IITA andpartners.- Use econometrics to test complementarities - Johnson and Masters, 2004 could establish complementarities at village level but not at household - Now small graters more widely use and household level complementarities can be established- Conduct production cost and efficiency analysis - Manual vs. mechanical - Large vs. small enterprise- Compare to past estimations to test efficiency givencurrent prices www.iita.org 24. Thank Youwww.iita.org