ASHRAE 2016 Student Competion

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  • Municipal Government BuildingHuaibeizhuanjcun, Beijing, China40 24 46.26 N 116 40 43.52 E

    ASHRAE 2016 Student Project Competition ISBD Category - Integrated Sustainable Building DesignSavannah College of Art & Design P.O. Box 3146 Architecture Department Savannah, GA 31402-3146

    Faculty AdvisorDr. Emad M. Afi fi

    Professor of Architecture 912.525.6876

    eafi fi @scad.edu

    Student Team LeaderAlex West [email protected]

    SCAD ASHRAE Student BranchEichberg Hall, Architecture DepartmentP.O. Box 3146Savannah, GA 31402-3146

    Team MembersAbdul Alharib [email protected] Hagood [email protected] Nguyen [email protected] Yam [email protected]

  • ContentsDesign IntentProgramLocationSiteClimate & Energy AnalysisAir QualityIndoor Air QualitySustainable SystemsHVAC SystemsHVAC Zoning & Plan DiagramStructural SystemsPerspective Views Building SectionsResources

    334-56-78-1415161718-2021-2324-2627-3031-3334

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  • ProgramDesign Intent This community building is located in the little town Huaibeizhuanjcun northeast of Beijing, China. It is based on the concept of integrating nature and community. The idea is to create a building that connects the commu-nity service building and the natural environments. The building is split into two. Half of the building is embedded in the ground while the other half sits on top. The embedded half will provide a li-brary, computer lab, and classroom space for the community. The other half will be where the services for the community will be conducted.The reason for earth-berming the building is two-fold. One, it symbolically allows nature to encroach seamlessly into the built environment. Second-ly, by embedding part of the building, the heating and cooling load of the building will be reduced due to thermal mass. On top of that it allows for the reuse of the earth that will be displaced due to construction. The roof of the embedded half will be a green roof. A geothermal heat pump is another sustainable strategy that is used. The geothermal heat pump will be installed during the process of embedding the building into the ground. It will help reduce the cost of heating and cooling of the building.

    Basic Spaces Sq. Meters Sq. FeetEntry/ Reception/ Service Areas 576.7 6,207.50Open Offices 120 1,291.70Private Offices 105.2 1,132.40Conference Rooms 92.5 995.7Classrooms 420 4,520.80Break Room 80 861.1Library 258.1 2,778.20Media Room 101.6 1,093.60Computer Labs 118.7 1,277.70Garage (EMT) 99.9 1,075.30Bedrooms x2 (EMT) 52.4 564Restrooms 195.2 2,101.10Clinic 79.6 856.8Storage 52.7 567.2Mechanical Rooms 214.6 2,309.90Circulation 945.5 10,177

    Additional SpacesCaf 83.3 896.6Auditorium 131.1 1,411.10GardensWater FeatureOutdoor Spaces

    Total3 727.1 40 117.7

  • Beijing, China39 54 26 N 116 23 50 E

    Location

  • Huaibeizhuanjcun, Beijing, China40 24 46.26 N 116 40 43.52 ELocation

  • Huaibeizhuanjcun, Beijing, China40 24 46.26 N 116 40 43.52 E

    Site

  • 1: 4000 4 8 12 16 20

    Site

  • ARCH 405: Architecture Design Studio-V, Professor Afifi, Winter 2016, William Mathis

    Daylight(Angles and Duration)

    Lat: 39.5Long: 116

    Daylight hours range from 15 hours in June to 9.5 hours in December.

    ARCH 405: Architecture Design Studio-V, Professor Afifi, Winter 2016, William Mathis

    Climate & Energy AnalysisSolar

  • ARCH 405: Architecture Design Studio-V, Professor Afifi, Winter 2016, William Mathis

    Annual Wind Data

    Primary wind directions are north-east and south-west.

    The wind speed is typically between 5-8mph

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    ARCH 405: Architecture Design Studio-V, Professor Afifi, Winter 2016, William Mathis

    ARCH 405: Architecture Design Studio-V, Professor Afifi, Winter 2016, William Mathis

    Temperature(Averagesby Month)

    Max: 87F in July

    Min: 15F in January

    Average temp. ranges from 24Fto 79F

    Comparitively, in Savannah, Ga. the average temp. ranges from 49F to 82F

    ARCH 405: Architecture Design Studio-V, Professor Afifi, Winter 2016, William Mathis

    Climate & Energy Analysis

    Temperature Wind

  • Monthly Wind Roses

    Annual Wind Rose (Speed Distribution)

    Annual Wind Rose (Frequency)

    Climate & Energy Analysis

  • Humidity

    Monthly Design Data

    Diurnal Weather Averages

    Climate & Energy Analysis

    ARCH 405: Architecture Design Studio-V, Professor Afifi, Winter 2016, William Mathis

    Percipitation(Averages by Month)

    The annual rainfall total in Beijing is 23in.

    There is minimal rain durring the Fall, Winter, and Spring, but ex-tremely high rainfall durring the Summer.

    Comparitively, Savannah, Ga. has an annual toatl rainfall of 48in, and it rains persistently throughout the year.

    ARCH 405: Architecture Design Studio-V, Professor Afifi, Winter 2016, William Mathis

    Precipitation

  • This energy analysis was created by Revit. The settings of which are:

    Building Type: Town HallLocation: 40 24 46.26 N 116 40 43.52 EExport Category: RoomsExport Complexity: Simple Shading SurfacesProject Phase: New ConstructionMass Ext. Wall: Lightweight Const.- Typ. Mild Climate InsulationMass Int. Wall: Lightweight Const.- No InsulationMass Ext. Wall Underground: High Mass Const.- Typ. Mild Climate InsulationMass Roof: High Insulation-Cool RoofMass Floor: Lightweight Const.- Typ. InsulationMass Slab: High Mass Const.- Cold Climate Slab InsulationMass Glazing: Triple Plane Clear- LowE Hot or Cold ClimateMass Shade: BasicMass Opening: AirHVAC System: 2 Pipe Fan Coil System, Chiller and Boiler

    The settings are as close as I could get them to simulate what I designed for my building.

    Climate & Energy Analysis

  • Energy Use: ElectricityEnergy Use: Fuel

    Annual Energy Use/CostAnnual Carbon EmissionsBuilding Performance Factors

    Climate & Energy Analysis

  • Monthly Heating Load

    Monthly Cooling Load

    Monthly Fuel Consumption

    Monthly Electricity Consumption

    Monthly Peak Demand

    Climate & Energy Analysis

  • ARCH 405: Architecture Design Studio-V, Professor Afifi, Winter 2016, William Mathis

    Air Quality

    Air quality is measured by the AQI (Air Quality Index)

    It measures the amounts of various pollutants in the air:

    -PM2.5: Airborne particlesless than 2.5m in diameter

    -PM10: Airborne particlesless than 10m in diameter

    -O3: Ozone Levels

    -NO2: Nitrogen Dioxide

    -SO2: Sulfur Dioxide

    -CO: Carbon Monoxide

    ARCH 405: Architecture Design Studio-V, Professor Afifi, Winter 2016, William Mathis

    Air Quality

    In the past 24 hours, Beijings real-time air quality index (AQI) reached 400 micrograms per cubic me-ter, a level that results in serious risk of adverse respi-ratory effects in the general population..... The World Health Organization (WHO) deems anything over 25 micrograms per cubic meter as unsafe.

    Forbes Science Dec. 2015 Trevor Vance

  • Indoor Air Quality

    Vegetation Filtration

    Given the fact that Chinas and especially Beijings air quality is unhealthy. Indoor air quality becomes am important issue. Indoor air quality is affected by both outdoor and indoor pollutants. Some of the strategies of improving indoor air quality are: operable windows, vegetation, walk off matts, and the filters used in the HVAC system. Operable windows can be used to completely flush out the building on days that the outside air quality is decent. Vegetation both on the roof and around the site will help filter the air. The leaves will trap the pollutants which will then be washed off during storms. Walk off matts reduce the amount of debris that is tracked into the building from peoples shoes. The walk off matts will have to be cleaned regularly. The building will be using a fan coil system for its HVAC. Each fan coil unit will have its own filter built in. In addition to this though, there will be a couple of fresh air intake ducts that service the fan coil units that are not able to be placed against an exterior wall. These fresh air intake ducts will have their own set of filters.

    Walk off MattsOperable Windows

  • Sustainable Systems

    Thermoplastic Water-proofi ng Membrane

    Protection Course

    Root Barrier

    Drainage Layer

    Thermal insulation

    Aeration Layer

    Moisture Retention Layer

    Reservoir Layer

    Filter Frabric

    Engineered Soil

    Loose-laid Retention Tee

    Flashing

    Cap

    Railing

    Typ. Green Roof Section

    Given Chinas ecological situation, sustainability is a key factor in any design. For the community building I decided that using green roofs and SIPS panels would be a must. The green roofs will provide several benefi ts. First it will act as a thermal insulator for the building. Second, it will absorb rain, thus reducing storm runoff from the site. Finally, the vegetation will help fi lter the air around the building. The SIPS panels will provide better insulation for the roofs it is used on thus reducing the heating and cooling load and saving energy.

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