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Transcript of Artificial Sweeteners
Artificial Sweeteners1Common Artificial SweetenersAcesulfame-KAspartameSaccharinStevia Leaf ExtractSucraloseMonk FruitAgave Nectar (nutritive sweetener, alternative to sugar)
2Acesulfame-KSweet One, Sunnett200 times sweeter than table sugarCommercial uses: Baked goods, frozen desserts, candies, beverages, cough drops, breath mintsRisk: Studies from the 1970s report increased incidence of cancer in rats. Inadequately tested in humans.Studies show 95% of Acesulfame-K is excreted3Aspartame Equal, NutraSweet200 times sweeter than table sugarCommercial uses: General-purpose foodsSource of phenylalanineRequires warning label to inform people with PKURisk: Study reported those who consumed products containing aspartame suffered from heachachesNon-conclusive
SaccharinSweet N Low300 times sweeter than sugar
General uses: Tabletop sweetener, baked goods, soft drinks, jams, chewing gum
Risk: Past studies linked saccharin consumption to bladder cancer in men. Saccharin was under consideration to be banned by the FDA. Since then, any food containing saccharin carried a warning label to declare it as potentially hazardous to your health. However, the warning label was lifted in 2000.
5Stevia Leaf Extract Two forms of sweetener can be extracted from the Stevia plant:Reb A and SteviosideOnly Reb A has been approved by the FDA as generally recognized as safe (GRAS)200-300 times sweeter than sugarCommercial uses: Prepackaged replacement of sugarRisk: Unknown due to insufficient testing6Sucralose Splenda600 times sweeter than sugar
General uses: Tabletop sweetener, beverages, chewing gum, frozen desserts, fruit juices, gelatins
Risk: Non identified. The FDA has claimed this as a safe product, and has not found any potential risk
7Monk Fruit300 times sweeter than sugar
FDA classifies as general recognized as safe (GRAS)
Risk: No reports of negative side effects
Study in 2011 reported the consumption of monk fruit may offer anti-cancer benefits due to containing high amounts of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents.
8Agave NectarContains components of sugar (fructose and glucose)Provides calories Lower glycemic index than sugar Tastes similar to honeyGeneral uses: Provides more palatable results in cooking and baking when compared to artificial sweeteners
9Artificial Sweeteners and Weight GainThe Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics states that artificial sweeteners have not been shown to cause weight gain, cravings for sweets, or increased hunger levels.
The American Diabetes Association states that artificial sweeteners can be used to help curb your cravings for something sweet.10What about regular sugar (sucrose)?Sugar is not bad!
Important to understand how it affects blood glucose levels
Incorporate sugar into your diet in moderationBoth sugar and artificial sweeteners are free of vitamins and minerals
Enjoy both in moderation
Know the acceptable daily intake (ADI) for artificial sweeteners
11Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI)The FDA has set the following ADIs for artificial sweeteners:
Acesulfame-K: 15mg/kg BW or 6 cans of diet soda
Aspartame: 50mg/kg BW or 18-19 cans of diet soda
Saccarhin: 5 mg/kg of weight or 9-12 packets
Stevia: 4mg/kg BW
Sucralose: 5mg/kg BW or 6 cans of diet soda
12Time for a taste test!13Questions?For more information please visit:
The American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org
The Academy of Nutrition and Dieteticshttp://www.eatright.org