Area of Study 03: Texture and Melody “Melodyâ€‌ AQA GCSE Music

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Transcript of Area of Study 03: Texture and Melody “Melodyâ€‌ AQA GCSE Music

Key Words: Texture and Melody

Area of Study 03:Texture and MelodyMelodyAQA GCSE Music

Areas of StudyAoS 01: Rhythm and MetreAoS 02: Harmony and TonalityA0S 03: Texture and MelodyAoS 04: Dynamics and TimbreAoS 05: Structure and FormMelodyWhat is meant by Melody?

A melody is a rhythmically organised pattern of single notes arranged in succession, one after the other. In melody the notes are arranged horizontally (whereas in harmony that are arranged vertically)Or..THE TUNEMelodyCounter Melody A second, less important tune to support the main melodyPitch how high or low the note isScale a group of notes played in ascending or descending order

Melody contInterval The gap in pitch between two notes

Arpeggio Playing the notes of a chord one by one (bit like a broken chord)

PerfectPerfectConjunct, Disjunct, Triadic and ScalicThese are all different kinds of melodic note patterns.Conjunct notes in the melody move mainly by step (they are mostly next to each other in pitch)Disjunct moves mainly by leaps (big intervals between the notes)Triadic the melody begins by using notes that belong to the triad (of chord) e.g. C E G (C Chord)Scalic melody that is made up of notes that follow the order of a particular scaleDifferent ScalesPentatonic scale a five note scale. Often used in Chinese, African and Celtic Folk melodiesWhole Tone Scale a scale made up of only whole tones. E.g. C, D, E, F#, G#, A#Chromatic Scale scale made up of semitonesPassing notes are the notes in between the notes of the accompanying chord. Blue notes the flattened notes in a Blues Scale. Often slide up or down to these notes. They make a piece sound bluesy. e.g. - C, Bb, G, Gb, F, Eb, CSee AoS 02 Harmony and Tonality for examplesMelody Cont.Sequence when a tune is repeated a step higher (ascending sequence) or a step lower (descending sequence).

Pitch bend bending the note on a guitar or any string instrument/voice or keyboard/synthesizer.Click Here to explore SequencesOr find the folder with the PPT in.Repetition3 Words for same meaning just use the correct word for the style of musicOstinato Classical

Riff Popular music

Loop Electronic/technology based musicOrnamentationThis is about decorating parts of the melodyTrills 2 notes that are next to each other played rapidly57 seconds and beyond, shows Trills being used.All instruments perform trills, especially in Baroque MusicVideo 02Cont.Double Stopping - This is when 2 notes are played at the same time (Two strings at the same time). This is term only applies to string instruments.1 Min 20 Secs shows an example of Double StoppingThere is extensive use of this throughout the piece1 Min 8 Secs Pizzicato, followed by staccato bowedVideo 03TremoloAnother string effect, means, trembling or quiveringRapid up-and-down movements of the bow on the strings, creating an agitated or shimmering effectListen and look at the opening to Bruckner Symphony 9The Strings open the piece, using a Tremolo effect. Very short bowing, but very fast to capture that shimmering effect.Video 5GlissandoGlissando (instruments)/ Portamento (voice) sliding between 2 notes. Track 05Rhapsody in BluesListen to the Slide at the start by the Clarinet just after the trillOn the next slide, look at video of the guitar playing a melody. It focusses mainly on using Glissandos (slides) Video 04Video 04ArticulationArticulation how the notes are played: Staccato short, detached notes (Spikey)

Legato notes are played attached, smoothly

Sometimes indicated by a slurStaccatoNon-Staccato (Legato)LegatoPlayed StaccatoArticulation cont.Pizzicato Short, plucked notes on a stringed instrument

This example shows extensive use of PizzicatoVideo 01Con Arco Simply means, use of BowOppositesMelody Cont.Phrase a musical sentence (where youd naturally take a breath). Often 2, 4 or 8 bars long. Indicated by a curved line above the stave.Improvisation when a player makes the music up on the spot. In jazz/blues/pop players will often improvise a solo commonly on a guitar/sax/trumpet/keyboard.