Architects Seminar Kenzo tange

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Kenzō Tange (丹下 健三 Tange Kenzō?, 4 September 1913 – 22 March 2005) was a Japanese architect, and winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture. He was one of the most significant architects of the 20th century, combining traditional Japanese styles with modernism, and designed major buildings on five continents. Tange was also an influential patron of the Metabolist movement. He said: "It was, I believe, around 1959 or at the beginning of the sixties that I began to think about what I was later to call structuralism", (cited in Plan 2/1982, Amsterdam), a reference to the architectural movement known as Dutch Structuralism. Influenced from an early age by the Swiss modernist, Le Corbusier, Tange gained international recognition in 1949 when he won the competition for the design of Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. He was a member of CIAM (Congres Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne) in the 1950s. He did not join the group of younger CIAM architects known as Team X, though his 1960 Tokyo Bay plan was influential for Team 10 in the 1960s, as well as the group that became Metabolism. His university studies on urbanism put him in an ideal position to handle redevelopment projects after the Second World War. His ideas were explored in designs for Tokyo and Skopje. Tange's work influenced a generation of architects across the world.

Transcript of Architects Seminar Kenzo tange

  • 2. BIRTH & STUDY Born on 4th November, 1913 at Osaka, Japan Did his junior high school in Imbart, Ehime, Perfecture 1938, join university of Tokyo, Deptt. of Architecture 1942, studied city planning 1959, did his doctorate on spatial structure
  • 3. JOBS 1938-1941 worked under Kunio Maekawa. 19630-1974 served as Professor of urban engineering at Tokyo. Also join as guest Professor at Massachusetts institute of technology. 1946 became assistant Professor at university ,Tokyo.
  • 4. ESTABLISHMENTS After wining competition for Hiroshima peace center he established his private practice. 1946 established Tanges lab. 1961 founded Urtec (a team of architects & urbaniser)
  • 5. Tradition of JAPAN Japanese Architecture had developed into pure efficiency of use and material Structure is a post and beam grid allowing building to be flexible and better withstand strong and mild earth quakes Space inside or traditional structure is multifunctional All the elements inside the building must be movable, small and light. Walls are also moveable to increase multifunctional ability of space. Tradition of Japan Cont
  • 6. Tradition of JAPAN Exterior walls are also moveable allowing possibility to completely open interior space to outside. ENGAWA :- It is porch like space which is threshold of space creating transition from interior to exterior. Engawa has several screens which may be raised or lowered from ceiling to protect interior from the harsh elements. Proportions are accordingly KEN scale. Tradition of Japan Cont
  • 7. Tradition of Japan.. TATAMI MATS Are used for floor covering. These are sturdy enough to walk to sit and to sleep. It is in proportion to human scale that is roughly 3 ft. x 6 ft. Rooms arrangement is according to these mats. Traditional Japanese Architecture is based on natures philosophy.
  • 8. Towards his Philosophy After World War- II Japans city were badly damaged with exception of Kyoto. Demand of the people for the immediate urban solution Japans rebirth as a democratic society provide architects a great opportunity. As a new spirit of generation Le Corbusier design of national museum of western art(1955) represented a fundamentally western aesthetic vision. Reacting against this hurried westernization new generation young architects, Kenzo Tange look more sympathetically towards aspect of Japans own architecture culture inspite of that westernization.
  • 9. Philosophy Greatly influenced by Japans traditional architecture. Concept of ISE Shrine Concept from multi story temples. Multi functioning
  • 10. Philosophy Believed in fusion of traditional and modern architecture after 1960s Took inspiration from the nature(Tree) His philosophy includes city should be able to born, grow, decay and die. Justification of function Justification of design Fundamentally rational and functional Appealing to emotions and senses Need of symbolism
  • 11. Philosophy Structural approach Distinguish soft and hard environment Le Corbusier five main points are also included in Tanges philosophy Pilotis Ribbon Glazing Open plant Free faade Roof garden Architects Idea Tradition Act as a catalyst Building Form
  • 12. Buildings Olympic Stadium Location - Tokyo, Japan Time - 1961-1964 Type - Sports Stadium Climate - Temperate Style - Modern Construction - Concrete, Steel Cable System
  • 13. Philosophy Olympic Stadium Concept of Suspension bridges Achieved this by channeling of tensions of the main span over the towers to the side spans. Concept Olympic Stadium He clarified his notion of typification of function.
  • 14. About the Project This project took badly dramatic forms Main two stadiums are there and linkage is through the immense raked promenade. Both the buildings develop from the circle and ellipse in plan and section
  • 15. Area Statement Site - 34.204 hectare. Floor Area - 910 sq. meter. Major Stadium Floors - 2 above ground, 2 basement Maximum Height - 40.37 meter. Minor Stadium Floors - 1 above ground, 2 basement Maximum Height - 40.29 meter.
  • 16. Major Stadium Plan is in the form of two semicircles Main principle is of suspension bridges Entrance is from concave side Roof is supported of two super pylons Main criteria behind curved roof is to resist wind(Hurricane Force)
  • 17. Structure of Major Stadium Structure is carried by two main cables which span 126 meter. Between two main super pylons. Cables are laid parallel to the side span and spaced apart at an interval of 2.58 meter. But internally widens up two 16.8 meter. For central span top provide space for sky light Steel cable- 13 in size Stiffening truss is used fairly to avoid displacement of suspension cable caused by lateral winds.
  • 18. Structure of Major Stadium In parallel cable braces are there to obtain stability Steel plates are solded on the super pylon for this fixing details of steel cables. Outer covering material is of aluminum decking
  • 19. Construction Two main super pylons were build first Rope extended beyond these columns to be suspended in center and side spans. Side ropes were then arranged in suspended state and their length is adjusted to co-operate equally their load. Ropes were bounded from the parallel main cable
  • 20. Construction Cables were then pulled transversally to expand the space between two main cables Central span is maintained by introduced stiffening truss in them
  • 21. Minor Stadium This stadium is situated to the south west of major stadium. Connecting to the major by a way of series of underground and ground level facility. Form is based on a circle. Skin which roofs the building is suspended from and eccentric mast. The roof is slung on long cable from the outside it sweeps up to be furled or rolled up round a central protruding rod.
  • 22. Minor Stadium The roof and the space it defines compose of single individual whole. The stadium has a Unique hanging roof system having an extraordinary asymmetrical configuration with an isolated single abutment and spirally curved main hanging member covers a conical shape.
  • 23. MINOR STADIUM Stadium dia. is of 65m. From the top of column a main building hanging member comes down following a spiral curve in space and passes the middle height of main column and extends to anchor. Block is at tale end .The whole roof therefore appears to be hung from summit point. At the peak dist. Is hardly 18 deep and have grown at the bottom to 5 Entire interior is clad in wood.
  • 24. INFERENCES Borb w