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    Kanzo Tange

    1.1 Born:1913 in Osaka, Japan.

    1.2 Died :March 22, 2005

    1.3 Education:Graduated in Architecture

    Courses from Tokyo ImperialUniversity in 1938.

    In 1942, he returned back to the

    University for GraduateCourse.

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    In 1949 ,he began his successful private

    practice.

    By 1957, Tange and Asso. Adopted firm

    name KENZO TANGE AND

    URTEC(derived from urbanistarchitecture)

    1.4 Profession:

    He seeked employment in 1938 in the officeof Kunio Maekawa for 4 yrs.

    In office, he joined Japanese Werkbund.

    In 1946, he accepted professorship in TokyoUniversity.

    KANZO TANGE WITH

    PRIME-MINISTER LEE

    KUANG IN 1972

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    1.5 Influences: His first mentor, Maekawa, developing

    International Style and Bauhaus Principles underhim.

    Antonin Raymond in Japan and office of Le Corb

    while working on Villa Savoye and SwissPavilion.

    Western Renaissance Architecture, especiallyMichelangelo.

    Congress Internationaux darchitecture Moderne

    (CIAM)

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    He believed that Japanese aresearching freedom of expressionsymbolizing new society free fromold technocratic regimes.

    He demonstrated that uniqueregionalism could be developed ,andrecognized within the circumstanceof International Style.

    He marked a remarked awareness of

    Japanese Architectural traditionsexpressed through a contemporaryinterpretation of architectural form.

    2.0 Philosophy

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    Date: 1961 -1964

    Building Type: Sports Stadium

    Construction System: Concrete, Steel cable.

    Climate: Temperate

    Context: Urban

    Style: Modern

    The National Gymnasium deYoyogi, Tokyo

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    The Olympic Stadia in Tokyo designed for the Tokyo Olympics canbe regarded as the culmination of architects career, designed in1960 and built in 1964, with the highest achievements of theJapanese tradition.

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    The plan [of the larger stadium] is in the form of two semi-circles,slightly displaced in relation to one another, with theirunconnecting ends elongated into points.

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    The entrances are located in the concave sides.

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    Interior View of the Stadium

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    The roof is supported on two reinforced concrete pillars, and ismade up of a system of steel cables onto which enameledsteel plates are then soldered.

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    The curving form of the roof serves to make it more resistant towind, which can reach hurricane force in this region.

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    ST. MARYS CATHEDRAL,TOKYO,JAPAN

    Date: 1963

    Building Type: Church

    Construction System: Concrete

    Context: Urban

    Style: Modern

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    The original structure in 1899 wasa wooden building in the Gothicstyle.

    It was burned during World WarII. The present church, designed

    by Kenzo Tange, dates from 1964.

    Kenzo Tange won the competitionfor the reconstruction of thischurch in 1961.

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    The plan of the building is in the form of a cross, from whichthe walls, eight hyperbolic parabolas, rise up at an angle.

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    These open upwards to form across of light which continuesvertically to the length the fourfacades.

    To this rhomboid volume othersecondary constructions are added.

    The bell tower is 60 m in heightand stands at a little distance fromthe cathedral proper.

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    SECTIONAL ELEVATION

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    The exterior surfaces are clad in stainless steel, which gives them a special

    radiance in keeping with the religious character of the building."

    Interior View

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    Hiroshima Peace Memorial Building,Hiroshima

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    Built: 1949-56

    Building Type: Museumand community centre

    Construction System:Concrete

    Style: Modern

    Site Plan

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    The building is raised up on pillars, its structure a frameworkof exposed concrete.

    The complex as a whole has a monumental quality.

    There are two secondary buildings, one on either side

    It consists of an auditorium, a hotel, an exhibition gallery, alibrary, offices, a conference center to the west, and anassembly hall with capacity for 2,500 people to the east

    The monument is in the form of a hyperbolic parabola, bringstogether modern tendencies and techniques and the ancientform

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    The A Bomb Dome

    It is the skeletal ruins of theformer Industrial Promotion Hall. It was left how it was after the

    bomb It is probably the most well

    known symbol of the park.

    The Statue of the A-Bomb Children. It is dedicated to the memory of the

    children who died as a result of thebombing.

    The statue is of a girl, with outstretchedarms with a crane rising above her.

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    Atomic Bomb Memorial Mound.

    The Atomic Bomb Memorial Moundis a large, grass-covered knoll

    It contains the ashes of 70,000unidentified victims of the bomb

    It is the primary museum in thepark dedicated to educating

    visitors about the bomb. The Museum has exhibits and

    information covering the build upto war, the role of Hiroshima inthe war up to the bombing, andextensive information on the

    bombing and its effects.

    The Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum

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    The Memorial Cenotaph.

    Near the center of the park is aconcrete, saddle-shaped monument

    that covers a Cenotaph holding thenames of all of the people killed by thebomb.

    The Cenotaph carries the epitaph,"Repose ye in Peace, for the error shallnot be repeated."

    Through the monument you can seethe Peace Flame and the A-BombDome.

    The Hall of Remembrance whichcontains a a 360 degree panorama ofthe destroyed Hiroshima recreatedusing 140,000 tiles - the number ofpeople estimated to have died fromthe bomb by the end of 1945.

    Hiroshima National Peace Memorial

    Hall

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    Kanzo Tange And URTEC Works Of Kanzo Tange and Urtec Twentieth Century Architecture Architecture And Architects

    Kanzo Tange

    4.0 Bibliography/Webliography