AP BIOLOGY AP BIOLOGY SUMMER WORK WELCOME TO AP AP Biology Summer Assignment 2016...

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Transcript of AP BIOLOGY AP BIOLOGY SUMMER WORK WELCOME TO AP AP Biology Summer Assignment 2016...

  • AP BIOLOGY Mrs. Henry bhenry@myimmaculatehs.org Room 312 AP BIOLOGY SUMMER WORK

    WELCOME TO AP BIOLOGY 2017 - 2018!

    The two main goals of AP Biology are to help you develop a conceptual framework for modern biology and to gain a deeper appreciation of science as a process (as opposed to an accumulation of facts). Because of the rapid pace of learning in the life sciences our primary emphasis is on developing an understanding of unifying concepts that connect the major topics of biology. The AP Biology Curriculum centers around the four Big Ideas and you will need to not only know these but also understand how they all relate to every aspect of biology: - Big Idea 1: The process of evolution drives the diversity and unity of life. - Big Idea 2: Biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building blocks to grow, to reproduce and to maintain dynamic homeostasis. - Big Idea 3: Living systems store, retrieve, transmit and respond to information essential to life processes. - Big Idea 4: Biological systems interact, and these systems and their interactions possess complex properties. What to do before the first day of school: • AP Biology was designed by a select group of college professors and high school science teachers to be equivalent to an introductory college biology course. Visit the College Board site (below) to explore what an AP Biology course is like: https://apstudent.collegeboard.org/exploreap?affiliateId=apcentral&bannerId=exploreap1

     Finish the assignments listed below. The first assignment listed should be typed and printed out. The other assignments can be completed in way that is easiest for you. ALL WORK DUE ON THE FIRST DAY OF CLASS. Expect a test on Ecology within the first few days.

    AP Biology Summer Assignment 2016 – Mandatory Assignment #1 ECOLOGY

    **** MOST IMPORTANT OF ALL THE ASSIGNMENTS

    The assignment below is DUE ON THE FIRST DAY OF CLASS. Please type your answers out and have a hard copy ready on the first day. EXPECT A TEST WITHIN THREE DAYS OF RETURN

    Please read the attached material AP BIOLOGY (PDF) and then answer the following questions:

    After reading the assigned reading, you should be able to do the following: Ch. 51 1. Define behavior. 2. Define a fixed action pattern and give an example. 3. Distinguish between kin selection and reciprocal altruism. 4. Define altruistic behavior, providing examples UNIT 8: Ecology 1. Define ecology. 2. Define each layer in a stratified aquatic biome: photic zone, aphotic zone, benthic zone, abyssal zone. 3. Define the following characteristics of lakes: thermal stratification, thermocline, seasonal turnover. 4. Explain why the following statement is false: “All communities on Earth are based on primary producers that capture light energy by photosynthesis.” 5. Know the characteristics of the major aquatic biomes: lakes, wetlands, streams, rivers, estuaries, intertidal biomes, oceanic pelagic biomes, coral reefs, and marine benthic biomes. 6. Know the characteristics of the major terrestrial biomes: tropical forest, desert, savanna, chaparral, temperate grassland, coniferous forest, temperate broadleaf forest, and tundra.

    https://apstudent.collegeboard.org/exploreap?affiliateId=apcentral&bannerId=exploreap1

  • Ch.53 1. Explain the meaning of each of the following terms in the logistic model of population growth: a. rmax b. K – N c. (K-N)/K 2. Distinguish between r-selected populations and K-selected population 3. Explain how density-dependent and density-independent factors may affect population growth. 4. Explain, with examples, how biotic and abiotic factors may work together to control a population’s Growth. Ch. 54 1. State the competitive exclusion principle. 2. Define an ecological niche and restate the competitive exclusion principle using the niche concept. 3. Distinguish between fundamental and realized niche. 4. Give specific examples of adaptations of predators and prey. 5. Explain how cryptic coloration and aposematic coloration may aid an animal in avoiding predators. 6. Distinguish between Batesian mimicry and Müllerian mimicry. 7. Summarize two hypotheses that explain why food chains are relatively short. Explain the experimental evidence that supports the energetic hypothesis. 8. Explain how dominant and keystone species exert strong control on community structure. Describe an example of each 9. Distinguish between primary and secondary succession

    Ch 55, 56 1. Describe the fundamental relationship between autotrophs and heterotrophs in an ecosystem. 2. Explain how the first and second laws of thermodynamics apply to ecosystems. 3. Explain how decomposition connects all trophic levels in an ecosystem. 4. Explain why the amount of energy used in photosynthesis is so much less than the amount of solar energy that reaches Earth. 5. Define and compare gross primary production and net primary production. 6. Explain why nutrients are said to cycle rather than flow within ecosystems. 7. Name the main processes driving the water cycle. 8. Name the major reservoirs of carbon. 9. Describe the nitrogen cycle and explain the importance of nitrogen fixation to all living organisms. Name three other key bacterial processes in the nitrogen cycle. 10. Describe how agricultural practices can interfere with nitrogen cycling. 11. Describe the causes and consequences of acid precipitation. 12. Explain why toxic compounds usually have the greatest effect on top-level carnivores. 13. Describe how increased atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide are changing Earth’s heat.

    AP Biology Summer Assignment 2016 – Mandatory Assignment #2 Biology Prefixes and Suffixes Because vocabulary in this course can be a stumbling block, you need to take some time to review the scientific Latin/Greek roots that form many of our scientific terms. Print and complete the Biology Prefixes and Suffixes. Some of these should have been learned in your Biology class so hopefully most of them will just be review. It will make life in AP Biology much easier if you KNOW these prefixes and suffixes. The Prefixes and Suffixes can be found below. Due on day 1. AP Biology Summer Assignment 2016 – Mandatory Assignment #3 Review

    Complete the review packet attached and have it ready to turn in on DAY ONE of the 2017-2018 year.. The new AP biology curriculum stresses the importance of being able to analyze and graph data. Graphing exercises are located at the end of this packet.

  • AP Biology Summer Assignment 2016 – Optional Assignment #4Summer Scavenger Hunt

    Complete the task listed, and provide the appropriate documentation (indicated in parentheses). For every five that you complete and document successfully, you will earn five bonus points on your first course exam.

    1. See a movie in a theater. (ticket stub needed) 2. Feed three different species of birds. (photos needed) 3. Grow a plant. (living plant brought to class on day 1) 4. Go to two state parks and take a walk. (photos AND maps needed) 5. Visit a Zoo. (photo AND ticket stub needed) 6. Visit an Observatory. (photo AND ticket stub needed) 7. Go to a water-based amusement park. (photo AND ticket stub needed) 8. Go to the Ocean. Collect sand in a jar. (jar of sand AND photo needed)

    9. Sleep outside,underneath the stars. (photo needed) 10. Find an animal in the wild (no dangerous ones!). (photo of animal AND photo of you standing

    where the animal was) 11. Read more than one book. (list, photos, AND 3 sentence summaries needed) 12. Play a board game (photo needed) 13. Set up a geocaching tournament for you and your friends. (photo and map) 14. Identify three species of trees in your neighborhood. (leaves & genus/species of each needed). 15. Hold five earthworms OR two slugs. (photo needed)

  • Name ______________________________Date ______________

    Biology Prefixes and Suffixes-The Language of Science

    The main reason students find it difficult to understand science is because of all the hard to write, spell and read words. Actually, scientific vocabulary is a mix of small words that are linked together to have different meanings. If you learn the meanings of the little words, you'll find scientific vocabulary much easier to understand. Find the mean to the following Greek/Latin root words.

    Word Meaning

    a / an

    meso

    leuco

    aero

    anti

    amphi

    aqua / hydro

    arthro

    auto

    bi / di

    bio

    cephal

    chloro

    chromo

    cide

    cyto

    derm

    haplo

    ecto (exo)

    endo

    epi

    gastro

    genesis

    herba

    hetero

    homo

    ov

    kary

    neuro

    Word Meaning

    hemo

    hyper

    hypo

    intra

    -itis

    lateral

    -logy

    -lysis

    -meter

    mono

    morph

    micro

    macro

    multi / poly

    pod

    -phobia

    -philia

    proto

    photo

    psuedo

    synthesis

    sub

    troph

    therm

    tri

    zoo, zoa

    -tropism

    -taxis

    -stasis

  • Once you have completed the table on the previous page, use it to develop a definition, in your own words, for each of the following terms.

    1. Hydrology

    2. Cytolysis

    3. Protozoa

    4. Epidermis

    5. Spermatogenesi