Angkasa City Research

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An ENBE research done by Muhammad Nazmi for FNBE batch 0115.

Transcript of Angkasa City Research

  • MUHAMMAD NAZMI BIN KAMARULZAMAN - 0322251 ENBE FINAL PROJECT INDIVIDUAL

    1

    RESEARCH WHAT IS A CITY?

    A city is a large, developed urban areas that has a considerably large population

    density compared to other places. It must has buildings and some public services.

    There are no exact definition for a city and it varies between countries.

    WHAT MAKES A GOOD CITY?

    LIVABILITY

    Low pollution High usage of renewable energy

    Clean and organized streets

    Social areas (example: parks)

    Good transportation means and connectivity between places

    Good telecommunication services

    Historical and cultural significance

    Strong sense of place

    SUSTAINABILITY

    Good utilities

    Good public service

    High amount of residential areas (to overcome increasing population)

    Good security

    Sufficient energy and water supply

    Excellent sewerage system

    WHAT DO PEOPLE LOVE MOST ABOUT THEIR CITY

    According to a survey conducted by planning and design firm Sasaki Associates:

  • MUHAMMAD NAZMI BIN KAMARULZAMAN - 0322251 ENBE FINAL PROJECT INDIVIDUAL

    2

    CITY ON THE WATER

    VENICE, ITALY (400 A.D PRESENT)

    HISTORY

    The history of Venice began in 400 A.D as a safe haven or shelter from the Gothic

    invasions that is happening in mainland Italy. Thousands fled and sought

    sanctuary in the channels and shoals of the lagoon due to its geographical

    advantage. By 450 A.D, the city has a large permanent population and because

    of this, the city grew significantly.

    What they did:

    They decided to build further into nearby islands and extend the existing island

    with wooden stilts and built on top of it.

    Why:

    To cater constantly increasing population and to solve overcrowding problems.

    Problems:

    Today, some parts of town is slowly sinking due to the fact that wood is not a

    suitable material to be used for foundation. The rising of sea water due to global

    warming also contribute to this fact.

  • MUHAMMAD NAZMI BIN KAMARULZAMAN - 0322251 ENBE FINAL PROJECT INDIVIDUAL

    3

    CITY ON THE WATER

    PALM JUMEIRAH, DUBAI (2001 PRESENT)

    HISTORY

    The construction of Palm Jumeirah started in 2001 after years of feasibility study.

    The idea directly from the ruler of Dubai and the project is developed by real

    estate developer Nakheel Properties. The construction is finished in 2007 with more

    than 4,000 luxury villas and apartments. At this time it is the largest artificial island

    in the world.

    What they did:

    The whole island is made using land reclamation process. The island is made using

    sand dredged from the bottom of the Persian Gulf which is then sprayed from the

    dredging ships onto the required area. This process is known as rainbowing.

    Breakwater is made using stones on the outer edge of the island to maintain the

    shape of the island.

    Why:

    The main purpose of Palm Jumeirah is for luxurious residential, tourism and leisure

    destination. It is also built as an incredible feat in engineering and construction.

    Problems:

    As the whole island is made from sand, erosion due to wind and water current is

    one of the biggest problems faced. Furthermore, it also disrupt and damage the

    marine environment and ecology due to the environment alterations.

  • MUHAMMAD NAZMI BIN KAMARULZAMAN - 0322251 ENBE FINAL PROJECT INDIVIDUAL

    4

    CITY ON THE WATER - CONCLUSION

    According to the case study, reason why people build on the water is:

    To cater more people due to increase in population.

    To allow them to build more buildings (such as residential/commercial/

    public service etc...) when there is no space available.

    For tourism and leisure destination.

    However, building on the water could led to many problems:

    Sea level is slowly rising due to global warming. It is estimated that it could

    rise between 50cm to 100cm by the year 2100.

    The foundation of the city could led to erosion or corrosion over time.

    It could greatly impact the marine environment and ecology.

    It could be flooded more frequently, mainly during storms and rain.

    Another problems would be that it will be affected by potential tsunamis

    and earthquake.

    HOW TO OVERCOME THIS PROBLEMS?

    The city foundation should be built slightly higher than the current water

    levels. This allows the city to withstand rising sea level.

    Reinforce the material used for the foundation with strong and least-

    reactive material.

    Conserve the marine life by building aquariums and sanctuaries.

    Build an automated flood control system in which it keeps the water level

    consistent at all times.

  • MUHAMMAD NAZMI BIN KAMARULZAMAN - 0322251 ENBE FINAL PROJECT INDIVIDUAL

    5

    ECO-CITY

    WHAT IS AN ECO-CITY?

    In a simplistic term, an eco-city is basically an ecologically healthy city that is self-

    sustainable while keeping the function of natural ecosystems and living organisms.

    It must:

    Use renewable and clean energy significantly.

    Use clean water.

    Reusing and recycling waste whenever possible and has efficient waste

    management.

    Has clean and efficient transport method.

    Contain lots of green spaces such as parks and natural forest.

    Use green and eco-friendly technology.

    Contain a good connectivity between key locations.

  • MUHAMMAD NAZMI BIN KAMARULZAMAN - 0322251 ENBE FINAL PROJECT INDIVIDUAL

    6

    X CITY RESEARCH ANGKASA CITY

    Terminology:

    Angkasa means outer-space in Malay. It also refers to Malaysian National Space

    Agency. This is to emphasize on the importance of science and technology the

    city.

    Why:

    I decided that my city will has a main industry on astronomy and space-related

    research along with tourism. This is to reflect the modernity and give importance

    to the scientific community in the region. Astronomy is also one of the most

    important scientific branch in the 21st century.

    I also chose tourism as a secondary industry as Malaysia is one of the top tourism

    destination in the world.

    MAIN INDUSTRY

    Space Research:

    Rocket/satellite launch pad

    Space centers and facilities

    Space research centers/academy

    Observatory

    Deep space communication

    complex

    Discovery centers

    Tourism:

    Marine life sanctuary and aquariums

    Theme park

    Resorts and Hotels

    Culture and arts gallery

    Recreational green space

    Retails and shopping malls

    Man-made beaches

  • MUHAMMAD NAZMI BIN KAMARULZAMAN - 0322251 ENBE FINAL PROJECT INDIVIDUAL

    7

    LOCATION

    BACKGROUND INFO

    Location: Selangor part of Malacca strait, Below Pelabuhan Klang

    Depth: 20m 60m

    Importance:

    A popular and significant route for ships. (ie. 15 million barrels of oil and

    petroleum products pass through it daily)

    Strategically important route for China as nearly 80% of China's crude oil

    imports pass through it to go to Africa and Middle East.

    Risks:

    Prone to tsunamis and mild earthquake.

    A considerable security risk due to illegal migrants and much more rarely,

    piracy (ship hijacks).

  • MUHAMMAD NAZMI BIN KAMARULZAMAN - 0322251 ENBE FINAL PROJECT INDIVIDUAL

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    AIMS

    The key idea behind Angkasa City will be sustainable living. It means that

    the city will have all the necessary things that can meet the aspiration of

    todays residents as well as the futures.

    It should be allowed to cater at least 500,000 people as the population

    are steadily increasing.

    The city will have an exceptionally good security by having a good security

    structure.

    It will be an ecologically friendly city, using renewable energy and clean

    water and has almost zero carbon emission.

    It will have integration between functional space and green space where

    people could relax themselves in a clean and fresh environment.

    It will have an effective and clean transportation means as well as good

    connectivity between key locations to minimize carbon footprint.

    The two main industry that will be focused on is space research and tourism

    as these two industry are growing and are economically viable.

    CITY INSPIRATION (IMAGES

  • MUHAMMAD NAZMI BIN KAMARULZAMAN - 0322251 ENBE FINAL PROJECT INDIVIDUAL

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  • MUHAMMAD NAZMI BIN KAMARULZAMAN - 0322251 ENBE FINAL PROJECT INDIVIDUAL

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    BASE PLAN EXPLANATION

    The overall shape of the city is designed to look like a satellite from above.

    It consist of three different types of shape circle, triangle and hexagon.

    o The main foundation is circular in shape. This is to establish an

    organized concentric grid in the city. This also allows the city to have

    a definite center a main focal point of the city.

    o All the residential areas is made with triangular blocks. This allows the

    residential areas to be organized while also look unique and

    interesting.

    o Hexagons symbolize the future as it is often seen in futuristic

    depictions. Both triangle and hexagons tessellate perfectly.

    6 straight roads from the center of the city allows for impressive axis view.

    The area below the c