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AngelS/Fallen Angels. In Young Adult Lit and More. Types of angels. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of AngelS/Fallen Angels

AngelS/Fallen AngelsIn Young Adult Lit and More

1Types of angelsThe first thing angels say is fear not, suggesting that theyre quite terrifying. According to tradition, angels do not have free will like man; they are only messengers passing on Gods word. In fact, they can only each do a single act, which is why three angels often go, to bring three different messages. Angelus is Latin for messenger. The three books of Enoch are the best source for Judeo-Christian angels and fallen angels. Another strong source is The Celestial Hierarchy by Dionysus the Aeorpagite written in the fifth century. This contains the best-known hierarchy of angels, used in St. Thomas Aquinass thirteenth century work, Summa Theologiae. In his time, Angelology was compulsory in several theological curriculums, and Aquinas created a great deal of educational material. Medieval grimoires such as The Lesser Key of Solomon contain much on angels and demons as well. Dr. John Dee and Emmanuel Swedenborg communicated with angels regularly and wrote books about their experiences.The Celestial Hierarchy sorts angels thus:First ChoirSecond ChoirThird Choir1). Seraphim4). Dominations7). Principalities2). Cherubim5). Virtues8). Archangels3). Thrones6). Powers9). Angels2The 7 ARCHANGELSA VArying ListThe earliest reference to a system of seven archangels as a group appears to be inThe Book of Enoch, where they are named asGabriel, Michael, Raphael, Uriel, Raguel, Remiel and Saraqael. According to Enoch, there are seven archangels ('irin we-addishin, "holy ones who watch"):Uriel: set over the world's luminaries and over Sheol Raphael, set over the spirits of men Raguel (Ra'uel, "the terrifier"), who chastiseth the world of the luminariesMichael, set over the best part of mankind, over the people of IsraelSariel ("God turneth"), set over the spirits who seduce the spirits to sinGabriel, set over paradise, the serpents, and the cherubimJerahmeel ("God is merciful"), whom God set over the resurrection

Pop CUltureAngels have featured as main characters in many popular movies: Wings of Desire (1988) The Prophecy (1995) Michael (1996) Meet Joe Black (1998) Dogma (1999)Highway To Heaven Touched By An AngelThe Preachers WifeIts A Wonderful Life

The struggle between angels and fallen angels appears on the X-Files, Xena, Charmed, and others. There are angelic superheroes from Angel on X-Men, a mutant who resembles an angel to the actual angel Zauriel who joins the Justice League. And of course, whos more angelic than Superman, the modern flying man who travels the world saving the day?

City of BonesCity of AshesCity of GlassCity of Fallen AngelsCity of Lost SoulsCity of Heavenly FireCity of Bones was highly popular at the time of release, reaching #8 on the New York Times Best Seller list (Children's books) in April 2007.City of Ashes was one of the YALSA's top ten teen books for 2009.Publishers Weekly commented that it "is a sprawling urban fantasy packed with just about every type of creature known to the genre".

5THE BOOK OF RAZIELAfter Adams expulsion from the Garden of Eden, he prayed to God for compassion and grace. He added: Grant me knowledge and understanding, that I may know what shall befall me, and my posterity, and all the generations that come after me, and what shall befall me on every day and in every month, and mayest Thou not withhold from me the help of Thy servants and of Thy angels. (Ginzberg)Three days later, the angel Raziel came with a book in his hand. The angel addressed Adam thus: O Adam, why art thou so fainthearted? Why art thou distressed and anxious? Thy words were heard at the moment when thou didst utter thy supplication and entreaties, and I have received the charge to teach thee pure words and deep understanding, to make thee wise through the contents of the sacred book in my hand, to know what will happen to thee until the day of thy death. And all thy descendants and all the later generations, if they will but read this book in purity, with a devout heart and a humble mind, and obey its precepts, will become like unto thee.

6THE BOOK OF RAZIELIt is the book out of which all things worth knowing can be learnt, and all mysteries, and it teaches also how to call upon the angels and make them appear before men, and answer all their questions. But not all alike can use the book, only he who is wise and God-fearing, and resorts to it in holiness. Such a one is secure against all wicked counsels, his life is serene, and when death takes him from this world, he finds repose in a place where there are neither demons nor evil spirits, and out of the hands of the wicked he is quickly rescued. (Ginzberg)Raziels name means the Secrets of God, and he is said to stand beside Gods throne and hear many of his secrets. The legend goes on to tell that the other angels grew jealous of Adam and threw the Book of Raziel into the ocean, though Enoch, Noah, and Solomon eventually inherited it and used its secrets. Each day the angel Raziel makes proclamations on Mount Horeb, from heaven, of the secrets of men to all that dwell upon the earth, and his voice resounds throughout the world, explains Targum Ecclesiastes, a collection of explanatory stories about the book of Ecclesiastes (10:20). Clare notes:

Raziel, for instance, is an angel from the Jewish kabbalistic tradition, who is supposed to have given Adam, in the Garden of Eden, a book of wisdom he is sometimes called the Angel of Secrets, or Angel of Knowledge. Therefore he seemed the right angel to have given the Gray Book to the first Shadowhunter. 7

Book of Raziel, Seal of Raziel

The Books of Raziel by Sabrina Benulis, beginning with Archon, introduce a young woman named Angela Mathers, who is obsessed with visions and dreams of angels. Shes ostracized, for theres a prophecy that someone with red hair like hers will destroy the world. Finally released from a mental institution, she enters West Wood Academy. There, however, she discovers a secret coven. Angels and demons are combing the streets for the key to the Book of Raziel and the power to control the universe.

9Popular Angel Romances

Hush, Hush by Becca FitzpatrickHalo by Alexandra AdornettoFallen by Lauren KateMercy by Rebecca LimUnearthly by Cynthia HandAngelology by Danielle Trussoni

10Laini Taylors Daughter of Smoke and Bone is a groundbreaking angel series. Akiva, an angel broken by a never-ending war, comes to earth and falls in love with a human girl named Karou. Though she pretends to be an art student, she has another, secret life collecting teeth and bringing them to her master, a granter of wishes. As Akiva and Karou fall in love, they realize the war is continuing and they are not on the sides they had once believed. The book is filled with surprises from beginning to end.

11Artifacts of Smoke and BoneHamsa A hand-shaped talisman against the evil eye found in the Middle East. The word mean five (referring to the fingers) and a blue or green eye often appears in the figures center. In Jewish culture, the hamsa is called the Hand of Miriam; in some Muslim populated cultures, the Hand of Fatima. ThuribleA thurible is a metal censer suspended from chains, in which incense is burned during worship services.

Other series use the images of angels to create aliens manipulating man for their own aims or to better mankind in Terence Blackers The Angel Factory, Battlestar Galactica, and Babylon 5. The Ori on Stargate demand worship, but more resemble demons bristling with hellfire. Doctor Who offers the terrifying weeping angels aliens. Phillip Pullmans His Dark Materials shows angels who are closer to the institutionalized church with its inquisition than avatars of God. Lyra, Will and the rebel angels are fighting for freedom against those who want us to obey and be humble and submit. Actual angels who arent as benevolent as they appear are also in Neil Gaimans Neverwhere and Sarah Douglass The Crucible series.

13Angelfall by Susan Ee features a post-apocalyptic Bay Area, where the angels have descended to tear civilization apart. Teenage Penryn quests with the injured and wingless angel Reffe, whom she believes is her only link to her vanished seven-year-old sister. Like Katniss, Penryn has learned self-defense, since with a useless mother, she is the only possible protector of her little sister. While Penryn begins her quest knowing that angels are the greatest threat, she slowly discovers factions within their world as each battles to be the angels sole link with God. Further, mysterious demons, perhaps Nephilim, perhaps something worse, are preying through her world, devouring human flesh. The humans are planning an uprising, and Penryn finds her loyalties are divided. It will take true courage and selflessness to survive and bring humanity back to peace.

14L.A. Weatherlys Angelburn features evil angels who feed on innocents, leaving them mentally damaged. However, those victims believe that theyve been blessed, and have founded the cultlike Church of the Angels, every-growing in number. However, the angels have found a single person capable of stopping them, a half-angel teenager named Willow. On the run for her life, Willow meets Alex, an A.K., or Angel Killer. Hes spent all his life learning how to see them and shoot them before they kill innocents. Hes even become a special assassin for the CIA. However, another wave of angels is approaching earth and only Willow can stop them. To do so, however, she must force herself to confront the angelic side of her own nature and discover what she can do.

15The Fallen by Thomas E. Sniegoski follows Aaron Corbet, a boy who thought he was human until he discovers he is Nephilimhalf angel, half human. Under the guidance of the fallen angel, Zeke, he heals his dying dog and grants him vast powers of intelligence. Aaron himself has the gift o