Andrew Sharpley – Principal Investigator Andrew Sharpley – Principal Investigator Tarra Simmons...

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Demonstrating Runoff Capture from Poultry Houses to Improve Water Quality in 12-Digit HUCs of the Illinois River Watershed1Andrew Sharpley Principal InvestigatorTarra Simmons Program TechnicianTony Zambrano Student TechnicianBen Putnam Student TechnicianApril Price - Student TechnicianPersonnel2ObjectivesDemonstrate the effectiveness of BMPs that impound runoff from poultry houses to reduce phosphorus (P), nitrogen (N), and sediment loss in runoffDiffering N & P fate and transportLand use managementLand management change3

Ponds can be an alternative water source and trap nutrients and sediment44

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6RationaleUnmanaged runoff from and around poultry houses can be a source of nutrients and sediment to area watersOn-farm reuse of captured runoff waterHouse coolant, drinking water, pasture irrigationA more closed, internal nutrient and water recycling system is developed, with less off-farm losses7

Upper Ballard Creek111101030604Moores Creek-Muddy Fork111101030402Headwaters Baron Fork111101030402Study farmLincoln01,0002,000FeetN

21.9 ac10.8 ac11.6 ac12.4 ac3.3 ac7.0 ac13.6 ac4.3 ac24.5 ac

ErFErFJoLkC2LkC2JoApBLnC2LnC2HoFMap unit Map unit name ApBApison loam, 1 to 3% slopes ErF Enders Allegheny complex, 20 to 40% slopes HoFHector-Mountainburg stony fine sandy loams, 3 to 40% slopes JoJohnsburg silt loam LkC2Linker loam, 3 to 8% slopes, eroded LnC2 Linker gravelly loam, 3 to 8% slopes, eroded

Grassed waterwayUntreated ditch runoffCollection pondPlan of studyMonitor P, N and sediment in runoffMonitor flow, P, N and sediment atUntreated siteTreated site grassed waterway collectionPond volume and water quality12

3620308118408461193133182035015813

Sampling sites

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Sampling sites

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1.66.35.96.36.81.36.86.2

July 23July 24July 2512:0012:0000:0000:0012:0000:0012:00Pond depth, mJuly 23July 24July 2512:0012:0000:0000:0012:0000:0012:00Pond temperature, 0CJuly 23July 24July 2512:0012:0000:0000:0012:0000:0012:00Pond water pHJuly 23July 24July 2512:0012:0000:0000:0012:0000:0012:00Dissolved Oxygen, mg/L