Ancient Greek Maxims

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Transcript of Ancient Greek Maxims

ANCIENT GREEK MAXIMS

(Ancient Greek Maxims)

1

(ANCIENT GREEK MAXIMS)

Edited and Translated: John Kyriazoglou 10/2013

(TABLE OF CONTENTS)

HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747120" (DEDICATIONS)4HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747121" (SYNOPSIS)5HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747122" (PART A): 6HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747123" 1. 6HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747124" 2. 7HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747125" 3. .1.: 8HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747126" 4. .112HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747127" 5. .2.: 13HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747128" 6. .220HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747129" PART B: ANCIENT GREEK MAXIMS21HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747130" 1. Preface21HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747131" 2. Preface: Notes22HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747132" 3. Chapter B.1.: The Maxims of the Oracle of Delphi24HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747133" 4. Chapter B.1: Notes29HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747134" 5. Chapter B.2.: The Quotations of the Seven Sages32HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747135" 6. Chapter B.2: Notes42HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747136" APPENDIX A: A Small Sample of the Delphic Statements44HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747137" Appendix A: Notes47HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747138" BIBLIOGRAPHY ()48HYPERLINK \l "_Toc262747139" Authors C.V. ( )51

(THE SEVEN SAGES OF ANCIENT GREECE)

A mosaic (3rd Century, ancient Corinth, Greece) showing the muse Kalliope, Socrates, and the seven sages: Solon, Thales, Cleovoulos, Periandros, Pittacos, Bias, and Chilon.

(DEDICATIONS)

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This book is dedicated:

To the glory of Ancient Greece,And to my blue-eyed, lovely grand-daughter, and princess of my life, Melina.

(SYNOPSIS)

, 2 . , . , , . . , , , , , , . . e-mail:jkyriazoglou@hotmail.com

This book contains a set of wisdom pieces of ancient Greece, in terms of the maxims of the oracle of Delphi and the quotations of the seven sages of ancient Greece.The first part contains the maxims in ancient Greek and current Greek. The second part presents the maxims in ancient Greek and their equivalent English translations.The purpose of this book is to make all readers (general public, educated and not, young, old, men, women, high school, college and university students, managers, workers, professionals, etc.) aware of a set of classical quotations that could be used to help them in all walks and stages in their personal and professional life, and hopefully enable them to understand, reflect upon, and improve their relationships, in the long term.

The translation of the maxims and quotations into English were done by the author on the basis of the original texts in both ancient Greek and current Greek and other sources noted in the bibliography. I am responsible for any errors and omissions in the translation, hoping that the reader will excuse me in this very difficult and demanding task. John Kyriazoglou jkyriazoglou@hotmail.com

(PART A):

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1.

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Professor Daniel B. Levine1, 2002

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Friedrich Nietzche5: , , . , . , .2.

1. : The most famous tradition that ties all the sages together has to do with their modesty and what we might call their collegiality. There are half-a-dozen versions of this story, but it basically goes as follows: some fishermen find a tripod, which was a valuable item, worth the equivalent of many thousands of dollars, traditionally given as a prize in the games. Of course, it was a source of contention. To whom should it be given? The people consulted Apollo's oracle at Delphi as to its rightful owner. The god replied that "whosoever is most wise" should possess it. So, they gave it to Thales, but he did not consider himself as wise as another of the sages, so he passed it to another, and that sage had the same humble opinion of his own wisdom, and so passed it to the next, and so on, until the tripod came back to Thales, who sent it to the shrine of Apollo, because, in truth, it is the god who is the wisest of all. In this world of competitive wisdom, it is good to remind ourselves of this example of humility. Professor Daniel B. Levine, Classical Studies, The Philosophical Pleiad and College Teachers Lecture, University of Arkansas Teaching Academy Banquet, November 13, 2002.2. (522-443 ..) . , . . . , , , , , , 476 472 .. , : (1) anemi.lib.uoc.gr ( ), (2) 2 3 4, , 2001. 3. , : , , , 2001. 4. ... , (, , 857). 3.5. : (1) Friedrich Nietzche (1962): Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks. Regnery Gateway, (2) V. Tejera (1987): Nietzche and Greek Thought. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, (3) Friedrich Nietzche (2007): . .

3. .1.:

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Ai Khanum1, Afghanistan , , .

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1. . 2. . 3. . 4. . .5. . .6. . .7. . .

8. . .9. . .10. . .11. . .12. . .13. . .14. . .

15. . .16. . .17. . .18. . .19. . .20. . .21. . .

22. . .23. . .24. . .25. . .26. . .27. . .28. . .

29. . .30. . .31. . .32. . .33. . .34. . .35. . .

36. . .37. . .38. . .39. . .40. . .41. . .42. . .

43. . .44. . .45. . .46. . .47. . .48. . .49. . .

50. . .51. . .52. . .53. . .54. . .55. . , .56. . .

57. . , .58. . , .59. . .60. . .61. . .62. . .63. . .

64. . .65. . .66. . .67. . .68. . .69. . .70. . .

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78. . .79. . .80. . .81. . .82. . .83. . .84. . .

85. .86. . .87. . .88. . .89. . .90. . .91. . .

92. . .93. . .94. . .95. . .96. . .97. . .98. . .

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106. . .107. . .108. . .109. . .110. . .111. . .112. . .

113. . .114. . .115. . .116. . .117. . .118. . .119. . .

120. . .121. . .122. . .123. . .124. . .125. . .126. . .

127. . .128. . .129. . .130. . .131. . .132. . .133. . .

134. . .135. . .136. . .137. . .138. . .139. . .140. . .

141. . .142. . .143. . .144. . .145. . .146. . .147. . .

4. .1 1. Ai Khanum , , Oxus river (Amudar'ya). : (1) Bernard, P. (1973). Fouilles dAi Khanum. 21(1). In Memoires de la delegation archeologique francaise en Afganistan. Paris: Klincksieck, (2) : www.livius.org.2. : (1) Diels, H. (1958). Doxographi Graeci. Berlin: Weidmann., (2) Diels, H. (1958). Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker. Berlin:Wiedmenn., (3) Diels, H. & Kranz, W. (2001). The pre-socratic philosophers. Publications PAPADIMA, Athens, Greece., (4) Plutarch (1928): Dinner of the Seven Sages (Moralia 146b ff) Tr. F. C. Babbitt. Loeb Classical Library. Harvard Univ. Press., (5) Lypourlis, D. (2004). The Seven Sages, ZITROS, Salonica, Greece., (6) Kefalas, Nektarios (1895-1896). Treasury of Sacred and Philosophical Sayings (GREEK: ). Zireidios Religious School, Athens, Greece. Also:anemi.lib.uoc.gr.3. 147 : 3 7 7 (3x7x7). 3 . 4 : 4 , 4 , 4 (, , ), 4 (, , , ), . 7, , 3 4 : 3 4 . 7 , 7, . 147 (3x7x7) ( ).4. : Powell, Christides, www.greek-language.gr.

5. .2.:

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Professor Richard P. Martin1, Princeton University, 1998.

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