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Ancient Greek Government. N.d. Ancient Greece . Best Travel Guide for Kusadasi , Turkey Tourism and Great Library of Greek Mythology. Web. 27 Aug. 2013. . Beginnings of Greek Government. Greek Civilization began: ~2000 BC Balkan Peninsula - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ancient Greek Government

N.d.Ancient Greece. Best Travel Guide for Kusadasi, Turkey Tourism and Great Library of Greek Mythology. Web. 27 Aug. 2013. .1Beginnings of Greek GovernmentGreek Civilization began:~2000 BCBalkan PeninsulaMostly ruled by oligarchiesComposed of wealthy and those of noble birthRemained the same throughout GreeceChange began in AthensBegan about 2000 BC on Balkan Peninsula. By about the 700s BC, Greece was mostly ruled by oligarchies composed of the nobles and other wealthy Greeks (poor had few rights, laws would frequently change). For much of Greece, this would remain the same for some time. But in Athens, in about 620 BC, things would begin to take a different course.2Athens became wealthy and powerfulDraco: recorded laws, weakened nobles powerSolon: Major reforms-Freed slavesPeoples CourtFormation of the Council of 400Athens: Governmental Progression

N.d. Photograph.Solon. St Paul's School. Web. 27 Aug. 2013. .Athens grew in wealth and power due to its navy and successful sea trade due to its coastal location. This gave the Athenians more power and more education and status, allowing for developments in society and government.

Draco was one of the founding fathers of democracy in Athens, and his actions led to the change in government. A member of the ruling oligarchy in Athens, was entrusted with recording the laws. By doing so, the nobles no longer had absolute power by the ability to change laws at will. Although this didnt make a definitive change in Athens govt, it weakened the power of the nobles and set the stage for the coming changes.

Although Draco set the stage, Solon is more widely considered the beginning of democracy. He was appointed as a magistrate with the ability to change the laws Draco had recorded. Some of his most important actions included the following: freed all slaves who were enslaved due to unpayed debts. Set up peoples court which would take appeals from citizens who disagreed with decisions made by the magistrates and other rulers. His third major reform included the formation of the Council of the 400 which included 100 representatives from all 4 major Athenian tribes. Their main responsibility was to submit laws to the Assembly. Democracy was forming, but was still biased and appealed to mostly the higher classes in Athenian society.

3Reorganized Athens into 10 tribesCouncil of 400 changed to include 500OstracismChanged Assembly to include all free menCleisthenes

Cleisthenes Bust. N.d. Photograph.Cleisthenes Bust. The Ohio State House. Web. 27 Aug. 2013. .Cleisthenes, however, formed Athens into a definitive democracy. His reforms included the followings: He reorganized Athens into 10 tribes and changed the entire organization of the districts and representative groups of Athens. To accommodate for those changes, he altered the Council of 400 to include 500, so now each tribe had 50 in the council, not 10, and all ten councils were now represented. He created the process of ostracism, where the citizens could vote to exile a statesman from office for 10 years, sort of like impeachment. One of his most important achievements, however, was to alter the Assembly to now include all free Athenian men of age. Before this time, it only included Athenian males of upper classes, and had little power. Under Cleisthenes, Athens became a legitimate direct democracy.4The AssemblyThe CouncilThe Peoples Court

Branches of GovernmentThree main branches of government.5Required 6,000 people30-40 times a yearMeetings no longer than a dayAll had equal right to speakVoting by raising of handsThe AssemblyThe Assembly was the general voting body of Athens. It contained any and all free Athenian males 30 and over (meaning only about 15% of Athenian residents qualified) and they would vote on important issues. They only met 30-40 times a year, meetings were not to last any longer than a day, and everyone had equal representation in these meetings. All could speak freely, there was no rank or title. Also, voting was done by the raising of hands.6500 membersChosen randomlyEach tribe had 50 delegatesMet 200 days a yearDuties:Prepared bills for the AssemblyProsecutors in high level casesManaged public projectsConducted and presided over religious festivals.

The CouncilThe Council was the governing body of Greece that helped to check the power of the Assembly and give equal representation to each of the 10 tribes. Each tribe had 50 delegates that were chosen randomly. They met about 200 times a year, but never on the same day as an Assembly meeting. Their main responsibility was determining what issues and matters were to be brought before the Assembly and voted on, but were also prosecutors in high level cases such as treason, managed public projects like the construction of public buildings and the like. They were also responsible for running religious festivals.76000 jurorsAll chosen randomly201, 301, or 501 jurors per caseNo lawyersDealt with all cases but murder and treasonOther duties:Counted votesPaid wages to jurorsMonitored water clocks

The Peoples CourtsAs a whole, about 6000 jurors (all chosen randomly) had to work the courts and their various responsibilities each day. Juries typically had either 201, 301, or 501 members depending on the case. There were no lawyers in Athens, so the prosecution and defense was conducted by those affected by the case. They dealt with all cases except those involving murder and treason. Other duties consisted of counting votes, paying the wages to each of the jurors, and monitoring the water clocks that measured the amount of time someone had to speak to the jury and audience and plead their case8N.d. Photograph.Europe 8 Must See Landmarks. First Active Media Ltd. Web. 27 Aug. 2013. .

Greek City StatesThe Greeks organized themselves into independent pods made up of a city and surrounding land.

Greece, Italy, and Medieval Europe

Beginning of Greek history- 4th or 5th century B.C.

What? Where? WhenToday you might compare a Greek City State to city or county. Even a state could reflect some of a city states characteristics in that it has its own laws but shares some law and culture with other states.Greek city states came about through colonies, Italian and Roman groups, tribes, and cities.City States were politically independent. Each one had its own government ranging from kings and queens to public rule.

Ancient Acropolis. N.d.Harry's Greece Travel Guide. Harry's Greece Travel Guide. Web. .Government?To be a citizen:

Born of citizen parents

Citizens governmental role:

Depends on city stateClass restrictions in participationAssembly/ councilOnly citizens participated in the government of the city-state, and citizenship was limited to those born of citizen parents. In the classical era, a large proportion of the city-state's population consisted of slaves. Participation by citizens in government was often limited by class distinctions. The government usually consisted of an assembly and council; the former predominated in democracies, the latter in oligarchies. Although the various city-states combined into religious or military federations, most did not endure for long in Greece, leaving it open to foreign attack by large centralized states to which it eventually submitted.14Brown, Bryan. "Ancient Greece."Junior Scholastic107.4 (2004): 18.MasterFILE Premier. Web. 27 Aug. 2013."City-State." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2013): 1. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 16 Aug. 2013.Dixon, Pam. "The Beginning Of Democracy."Calliope5.2 (1994): 5.MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.Scruton, Roger. "Limits To Democracy." New Criterion 24.5 (2006): 20. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 16 Aug. 2013.Bibliography