Ancient Egypt. The Nile River ïµ Egypt is the gift of the Nile -Herodotus, 400 BC...

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Location  Egypt is located on the banks of the Nile River in NE Africa  Nile runs from SOUTH (East Africa) to NORTH (Egypt)  Water flows downhill! (mountains to plains). See History of Our World elevation map, p. 67

Transcript of Ancient Egypt. The Nile River ïµ Egypt is the gift of the Nile -Herodotus, 400 BC...

Ancient Egypt The Nile River Egypt is the gift of the Nile -Herodotus, 400 BC -Herodotus, 400 BC Location Egypt is located on the banks of the Nile River in NE Africa Nile runs from SOUTH (East Africa) to NORTH (Egypt) Water flows downhill! (mountains to plains). See History of Our World elevation map, p. 67 Location The Nile is the worlds longest river, running through many regions. Regions along the river & in Egypts delta are fertile DELTA a plain at the mouth of a river. Location Most of the regions are desert. Red Land blistering-hot land Deserts protect area from invasion. Successful Farming How could the Egyptians farm when so much of their country was desert? Floods from mountains drop SILT (fine soil) on land making it good for crops Black land dark, fertile soils Government Pharaoh is the title used by the kings of Egypt. Government A dynasty is a series of rulers from the same family or ethnic group. Absolute power: complete control over the people one rules. Pharaohs made all the laws! Government Regent: someone who rules for a child until they are old enough to rule Pharaohs Mendes: king who united Upper & Lower Egypt Hatshepsut Started as a regent for her stepson, Thutmose III, but appointed herself Pharaoh. One of the few female leaders of the ancient world. There was peace & economic success during her rule. Encouraged trade with faraway lands. Thutmose III Took over after death of Hatshepsut. (He may have played a role in her death). He destroyed all her statues. Thutmose III conquered new lands, was educated, and was merciful to those he defeated. Cleopatra NOT AN ANCIENT PHARAOH! In 51 BC, Queen Cleopatra was the last to rule before Rome conquered Egypt. Religion Polytheism: believed in many gods Click on pic Religion Afterlife: the belief that life continues after the body is dead Food, clothing and other possessions were left with the bodies for the afterlife Click on pic Religion Pyramid: a 4-sided triangular building which served as a giant tomb for the fallen pharaohs Mummy: preserved body of a dead person Click on pic Click on pic Culture Social Classes: groups of people who have similar backgrounds or jobs Culture Ranking in order of importance: Slaves Click on pic Role of Women Had most of the rights that men did Could own property/run a business Could even be a ruler (Hatshepsut) Writing System Hieroglyphs: picture-like symbols used to express ideas & concepts Also used as a record keeping tool Click on pic Writing System Papyrus: an early form of paper in Egypt Strips of the reed were crossed to form a sheet which was laid out to dry Ink was used from berries & plants to write with Scientific Contributions Calendars: they also used the stars to predict when the floods were coming Scientific Contributions Mathematics: very good at manipulating numbers Scientific Contributions Medicine: because of mummification, they were very knowledgeable about the human body & were able to perform surgeries. Also good with home remedies.