Ancient Civilizations

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Ancient Civilizations. The Ancient Fertile Crescent Area. The Middle East: “The Cradle of Civilization”. Mesopotamia. Land between two rivers (Tigris & Euphrates Rivers) Located in southern Iraq The flat land was vulnerable to attackers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Ancient Civilizations

  • The Ancient Fertile Crescent Area The Middle East: The Cradle of Civilization

  • Mesopotamia

    Land between two rivers (Tigris & Euphrates Rivers)Located in southern IraqThe flat land was vulnerable to attackersCity states: cities that had control of surrounding landEX) Sumer by 3000 B.C.E. had 12 city states

  • Sumerians

  • Sumerian Religion - Polytheistic Enki Innana

  • Deciphering Cuneiform

  • Empire of Hammurabi1792 B.C.-1750 B.C.Great warrior; conquered most of MesopotamiaCode of Hammurabi: earliest code of law collection of 282 laws; based on JUSTICELaws focused on the familyEye for an Eye and A tooth for a toothPenalties differed for the same crime

  • Empire of Hammurabi1792-1750 Based in the city-state BabylonPatriarchal society: dominated by menWomens duties were in the home

  • The Babylonian Empires

  • EgyptA. Stable civilizationB. Lasted a long time 2700 B.C.-1085 B.C.C. Very advanced; Nile flooded regularly1. People planned for this, and felt secure2. History divided into 3 periods

  • Old Kingdom 2700 B.C. -2200 B.C.Pharaohs: powerful monarchs presided over the kingdomEgyptians believed kingship was divine1. Pharaoh was equal to deity 2. Polytheists: believed in many GodsMiddle Kingdom 2200 B.C.-1652 B.C.

    New Kingdom 1652 B.C.- 1085 B.C. Egyptians learned to make bronze weapons and war chariotsThe Egyptians built a large empire1. For a while the most powerful in SW Asia2. But it grew too large3. A number of people invaded

  • Egyptian Social Hierarchy

  • An Egyptian Womans Must-HavesPerfumeWhigsMirror

  • Preparation for the Afterlife

  • Materials Used in Mummification1. Linen 6. Natron 2. Sawdust 7. Onion 3. Lichen 8. Nile Mud 4. Beeswax 9. Linen Pads 5. Resin 10. Frankincense

  • Abrahams GenealogyABRAHAMSARAHHAGARIsaacEsauJacob12 Tribes of IsraelIshmael12 Arabian Tribes

  • Abraham 1900 B.C.EFather of Israel- led his people out of Ur to CanaanProphet: religious teacher sent from God Made a covenant (2-way promise with God) Monotheistic: belief in one godThere was a DROUGHT -some fled to Egypt & were enslaved

  • Moses: leader of the IsraelitesPrince of EgyptShepherd of His People

  • The ExodusMoses led the Israelites out of EgyptI am the Lord thy GodThou shalt have no other gods before me. Exodus 20:2-3

  • Judaism1st monotheistic religion belief in 1 godMost live in Israel or US 14,535,000 followersSymbol Star of DavidPlace of worship synagogueLeaders - rabbis

    synagogue in Karlsruhe, Germany

  • YahwehJewish GodCreator & Ruler of the worldWatches over, cares for/loves & protects his peopleholds them accountable for their actionsServe God by studying Torah & living by its teachings

  • Yahwehs Covenant With His PeopleThe Torah The first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible. (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy)

    The most sacred text in the Jewish religious tradition.

    Contains laws & practices