ANCIENT CHINA G.R.A.P.E.S. NOTES. G- GEOGRAPHY ïƒ MAJOR RIVER- ïƒ HUANG HE...

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Transcript of ANCIENT CHINA G.R.A.P.E.S. NOTES. G- GEOGRAPHY ïƒ MAJOR RIVER- ïƒ HUANG HE...

Ancient china

Ancient chinaG.R.A.P.E.S. NOTESG- GEOGRAPHY MAJOR RIVER-HUANG HE (YELLOW) RIVER3,400 MILES LONGCALLED CHINAS SORROW BECAUSE WHEN IT WOULD FLOOD, MANY PEOPLE WOULD BE LEFT HOMELESS OR DIEROLE OF RIVER SYSTEM IS:FOODWATER- irrigation, drinking, etc.TRADETRANSPORTATION

G-GEOGRAPHY (CONTINUED) OTHER LANDFORMS-ISOLATED CHINA FROM THE REST OF THE WORLDALSO HELPED WITH THE DEFENSE OF THE COUNTRYGAVE CHINA THE ABILITY TO GROW INTO A CIVILIZATION WITHOUT OUTSIDE INTERFERENCEGOBI DESERT (NORTHERN CHINA)HIMALAYAN MOUNTAIN RANGE (SOUTHWEST CHINA)NORTH CHINA PLAIN

R- RELIGIONCONFUCIANISM-BASED ON THE TEACHINGS OF KONG FU ZI (first called Confucius by Europeans) CHINA, 551-479 B.C.E.THE PHILOSOPHY FOCUSES ON:RESPECT FOR ELDERSEDUCATIONPROPER CONDUCT (MORALS)GOVERNMENT SERVICEUSES FIVE (5) RELATIONSHIPSKING AND SUBJECTPARENT AND CHILDHUSBAND AND WIFESIBLING AND SIBLINGFRIEND AND FRIENDIN ORDER TO BE AT PEACE, ONE MUST SHOW ABSOLUTE RESPECT FOR AUTHORITYFOLLOWERS SPREAD IT TO THE REST OF CHINA, KOREA, AND JAPAN

R- RELIGION (CONTINUED)

DAOISM (TAOISM)BASED ON THE PHILOSPOHY OF LAOZI CHINA, 606-530 B.C.E.THE GOAL IN LIFE IS TO ACHIEVE DAO, WHICH IS:ONENESS WITH THE UNIVERSE/NATUREBEST WAY TO FIND PEACE IS BEING IN HARMONY WITH NATUREBALANCE THE FORCES OF YIN AND YANG:CALM AND POWERFULFOLLOWERS SPREAD IT TO AREAS IN AND AROUND CHINA

BOTH RELIGIONS WERE TRYING TO CREATE STABILITY IN A CIVILIZATION (COUNTRY) THAT WAS CONSTANTLY AT WAR WITH ITSELF.

A-ACHIEVEMENTS HUANG HE (ANCIENT)TERRACE CROPSDIKES AND LEVEES FOR IRRIGATION SYSTEMSSTONE TOOLS AND POTTERYPICTOGRAPHS WRITINGWOOD BLOCK PRINTINGCAST IRON PLOWBRONZEEMPEROR QIN UNITED CHINA AND STARTED THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE GREAT WALL 220-206 B.C.E.PURPOSE WAS TO PROTECT THE COUNTRY FROM NORTHERN INVADERS LIKE THE MONGOLS

A- ACHIEVEMENTS (CONTINUED)

THE HAN DYNASTY (206 B.C.E.-A.D.220)WHEELBARROWSEISMOGRAPH- PREDICTS AND MEASURES EARTHQUAKESSUNDIALPAPER- MADE OUT OF BAMBOOPUPPETSKITESJADEESTABLISHED THE SILK ROADSEVERAL ROUTES THAT CARRIED TRADED GOODS ACROSS CHINA AND BACK AGAIN FROM ROME

A- ACHIEVEMENTS (CONTINUED) THE TANG DYNASTY- THE GOLDEN AGE (618-907)SITTING IN CHAIRSPOETRY AND LITERATUREOLDEST BOOK- THE DIAMOND SUTRA (WRITTEN IN 868)TRADE EXPANDEDTEA BECOMES A FAVORITE DRINK

A- ACHIEVEMENTS (CONTINUED)

THE SUNG (SONG) DYNASTY (906-1279)PAPER- MADE FROM WOOD PULP WHICH INCREASED COMMERCIAL PRINTINGPAPER MONEYCALLIGRAPHYCOMPASSGUNPOWDERPORCELAINFIREWORKSIRONSALT

A-ACHIEVEMENTS (CONTINUED) THE MING DYNASTY- THE BRILLIANT DYNASTY (1368-1644) BEIJING BECOMES THE CAPTIALBUILT THE FORBIDDEN CITY- THE HOME OF THE EMPERORJADE CARVINGSBLUE AND WHITE PORCELAINFIRST NOVELS PRINTEDOPENED PORTS TO PORTUGUESE EXPLORERS

A- ACHIEVEMENTS (CONTINUED)

THE QING OR MANCHU DYNASTY (1644-1911)LAST DYNASTY TO RULE CHINAOPENED PORTS TO FOREIGN TRADE

YEARS BETWEEN DYNASTIES WERE FILLED WITH CIVIL WARS BETWEEN VARIOUS NOBILITY AND MILITARY FACTIONS, FIGHTING FOR CONTROL OF CHINAP- POLITICAL SYSTEMS

CHINA HAD A MONARCHY, RULED BY AN EMPEROR AND PASSED DOWN THE POWER THROUGH DYNASTIESTO WORK FOR THE GOVERNMENT, CIVIL SERVANTS TOOK EXAMS, WHICH ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT CONFUCIANISM, LITERATURE, HISTORY, WRITING, AND MORALSSEVERE PUNISHMENT FOR THOSE WHO DID NOT OBEY LAWSE- ECONOMICS NATURAL RESOURCES FOUND IN CHINA:RICEWHEATBAMBOOSILK WORMS (CREATION OF SILK)TAXATION BEGAN IN 600 B.C.E.BRONZE COINS WERE DEVELOPED IN 220 B.C.E.FORMATION OF THE SILK ROADEXPORTED (TRADED) SILK AND PORCELAINIMPORTED GLASS, GOLD, AND HORSES

S- SOCIAL STRUCTURE CHINA HAS THE LONGEST CONTINOUS CULTURE.RESPECT FOR ELDERS AND ANCESTORSVERY RIGID HIERARCHY(during the dynasty periods)EMPERORPALACE COURT, NOBILITY, CIVIL SERVANTS, PRIESTSFARMERS & COMMON PEASANTSARTISANS MERCHANTS (this ranked lower than farmers because their money came from someone elses labor.)SLAVES