Ancient China

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Chapter 4. Ancient China. Geographical Influences. Mountains, sea, and desert provide some protection and isolation Vulnerable to northwest River valleys Yellow (Huang He) - earliest civilization - damaging floods Yangtze - very important in unification- transportation- irrigation. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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China BCE

Ancient ChinaChapter 4

#Geographical InfluencesMountains, sea, and desert provide some protection and isolationVulnerable to northwestRiver valleys Yellow (Huang He) - earliest civilization - damaging floodsYangtze - very important in unification- transportation- irrigation#Outside China during Shang period (1750BC 1000BC)Hammurabis codeMycenaean Civilization In GreeceVedic period in IndiaStonehenge in England Moses led Israelites out of EgyptMayans processed rubberKing TutHomers Troy fellRamses II of Egypt31750 BCE H. Code of laws-Mesopotamia1600-1200BCE Mycenaean civ. Emerged1600-1000 BCE Vedic period1500 BCE Stonehenge1500 BCE Moses led Issraelites out of Egypt1352 BEC King Tut died1182-1151 BCE Ramesses II Pharaoh of Egypt#Earliest Civilizations - most isolatedEarliest- Neolithic- Ban Po- similar to other parts of the world/ one of the oldestShang Dynasty 1750-1000 BC (FIRST DYNASTY) in N. China along the Huang He - raised silk worms - silk part fascination of China, famous for bronze sculpture, daggers, jade jewelry paid homage to ancestors- family importantZhou Dynasty 1000-256 BC longest dynasty developed foundations for Chinese society#Dynastic Cycle & Mandate of Heaven

Mandate of HeavenDivine (heavenly) approval giving the right to rule to the emperor#Zhou Dynasty Wu Wang first king of Zhou, gave land grants to lords, relatives, & generalFarming was profitable Blast furnace used to create ironEducation spread from upper classes to othersBook of Songs 305 poems707-480 BC lords became too powerfulCivil War followed, ending the Zhou Dynasty#Qin Dynasty Qin Shin Huangdi founded dynasty 221BCauthoritarian ruler:ordered nobles to capitaleveryone paid high taxesstrict laws & harsh punishmentsburned bookscreated unity with coins, weights & measures, and roads & canalsOrdered sections of wall to be joined to form a Great WallSon overthrown end of dynasty#Han Dynasty Liu Bang founded dynasty 202BCWudi greatest leaderbuilt Silk Road for trade with the Westestablished school for civil servants need for civil service examination rather than favoritism improved silk factories; invented paper, stirrups, wheelbarrow; plow with moveable partsexpanded territory from Korea to VietnamAD220 warlords attacked & overthrew emperor#Ancient Philosophiesreligions in Ancient ChinaConfucianism 5 RelationshipsDaoism Yin & Yang ,balanceBuddhism (from India)showed concerned with ethical life on earthFilial Piety obedience and respect for ones parents Legalism strong law and harsh punishment to maintain order, created by Xunzi

#ConfucianismMoral and ethical code highly developed treat everyone with considerationValue on family head- ancestor respectValues- loyalty, righteousness, wisdom, sincerityFive Relationships: one is an example to the other, inferior learns from superiorRuler - subjectsFather sonHusband wifeOlder Brother younger brotherFriend friend

#Daoism (Taoism) and the Laosicontemporary of ConfuciusDao/Tao= the road wayAbsolute=sum of existenceGoal to bring people into harmonyvery introspectivenot as influential as Confucius#Life and CultureSons more important than daughtersBan Zhao wrote guide for young women, Admonitions for Girlsagrarian economy based on farming scholars calculated when eclipse would occurbooks written on Algebra & Geometrypi (p) calculated to 6 places (3.141592)physicians needed to pass an examination to practice patients treated with acupuncture education and literacy was mostly for upper class most important during Zhou dynasty#