Ancient China

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Ancient China. Objectives. Analyze the impact of geography on the success of the empire of Ancient China Identify the three main dynasties of Ancient China Cite and explain each of the key advancements of the three main dynasties of Ancient China. The Geography of China. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ancient China

Ancient China

ObjectivesAnalyze the impact of geography on the success of the empire of Ancient China Identify the three main dynasties of Ancient ChinaCite and explain each of the key advancements of the three main dynasties of Ancient China

The Geography of ChinaMonsoons impact the climateIsolated from other cultures by:Gobi Desert in the NorthThe Himalayan Mountains to the West and SouthBodies of water to the East:Yellow Sea, South China Sea, Pacific OceanKnown as the Middle kingdombelieved they were in the middle of the world, surrounded by natural barriers on all sides

The Gobi Desert

The Himalayan Mountains: K2

Geography of ChinaYangtze River is the longest river in Asia and third longest in the worldHuang or Yellow River is the second longest river in ChinaLoess sedimentary soil that is formed by the accumulation of wind-blown silt (creates yellow-brown soil)Chinas Sorrow River brought life, but also destructive floodsTo control flooding, the Chinese built dikes (protective walls to hold back water)

Shanghaior Yellow

The Dynasties of Ancient China13 dynastic periods, Spanning 4,000 yearsMandate of Heaven: a traditional Chinese philosophical concept concerning the legitimacy of rulersSimilar to divine right of kingsHeaven would bless the authority of a just rule

11

The First DynastiesThe Shang Dynasty built Chinas first citiesIrrigation and farmingKnown for their bronze workDeveloped the first Chinese writing systemOracle BonesCreated a social pyramid

The Shang Dynasty

The Qin (Chin) DynastyPrior to the Qin Dynasty, China had broken into 7 warring kingdomsShi Huangdi merged the kingdoms to unify China, and was the first true emperor To protect China from nomadic invaders along the northern border, he ordered the construction of the Great Wall of China, but did not complete the project.Abided by the philosophy of LegalismPeople are evil at their core, and the state is more important than the individualCreated a Terra Cotta Army at his burial necropolis

The Shang Dynasty

The Qin Dynasty

Legalism Legalism is based on three principles:Fa - The law code must be clearly written and made public.Shu - Special tactics and "secrets" are to be employed by the ruler to make sure others don't take over control of the state. Shi - It is the position of the ruler, not the ruler himself or herself, that holds the power.

Shi Huangdi

Qin Dynasty Ming Dynasty

Hey guys!

The Terra Cotta Army

The Terra Cotta Army

Terracotta Warriors in un-restored condition,

Qin Shi Huang Di's Mausoleum Mound. This is the stairway up the mound. The Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum is about 1 mile from here.

Han DynastyDynasty lasts 400 yearsLiu Pang overthrew the Qin Dynasty and became emperor (202 BC)Not a heavy-handed ruler (abandons Legalism for Confucianism) Establishes imperial university Wu Ti Liu Pangs great grandson and EmperorRuled from age 15-65 as the Warrior EmperorExpanded the empire Created a public school system (for boys only)Silk Road to the west

The Shang Dynasty

The Qin Dynasty

The Han Dynasty

Liu Pang

WuTi you looking at punk?!?

The Silk RoadConnected Asia with the Mediterranean and European world, as well as parts of North AfricaExtends 4,000 miles longIn addition to silk, many other goods were traded, as well as various technologies, religions and philosophiesThe Silk Road

Tang DynastyChinas Golden AgeGreatest age for Chinese poetryBuddhism reaches its peakAlso Taoism and Confucianism Men granted equal allotments of land in exchange for taxesDid not have to be a noble to hold a high position; government examsBorders expand from Korea to central Asia (present day Afghanistan)

Tang DynastyKingdom eventually dissolves into 10 different kingdomsFeuds within the government, assassination plots, etc. leave the empire vulnerable to invasion.

The Shang Dynasty

The Qin Dynasty

The Han Dynasty

The Tang Dynasty