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Transcript of Ancient China
Ancient China1700 B.C.- 200 B.C.1Continent: AsiaCountry: ChinaCapital City: Beijing
It is the world's most populous country with 1.2 Billion People.
22% of all the worlds people live in China.
China has the longest continuous history.
Link to British Museum Ancient Geography Web Page3Diverse Land Features:Himalaya Mountains
Worlds Highest Mountains
Mt. Everest is the Most Famous.
K2 is also considered to be a famous mountain to climb and it is even more difficult than Everest.
Gobi Desert is one of the worlds largest deserts. Gobi means Waterless place.It is a cold desert.
It rains about seven inches a year.5China has many natural water basins. There are many lakes, thousands of rivers, and several seas. In fact, the South China Sea is the largest sea in the world.
6The largest river in China is the Yangtze river, and it is the third largest river in the world.
The Yangtze is known as the "golden waterway," because it links western and eastern areas of the country.
The Huang He, or Yellow River, is the second largest river in China, and it is truly yellow! The river carries a lot of yellow-colored soil, or loess, and that gave the river its name.
7Like the Nile, the Yellow River flooded every year.
The Huang River is also known as Chinas Sorrow because floods left people homeless and destroyed crops.
The people learned to control the flooding with levees (walls in the river banks)
p.1028Think and Compare:9The climate in China is different in different areas of the country. Southern provinces are very hot and humid throughout the year, but winters in northern China are very dry and cold, and summers are hot, and have plenty of rain.
10China has a greatest diversity of wildlife, including some very rare animals such as the South China tiger, red-crowned crane, white-flag dolphin, and many others.
The giant panda is a large bamboo-eating mammal, with bold black-and-white markings, including black patches over the eyes.
Because it is extremely rare-just over 1,000 are left at present - it has become not only the symbol of China but, also, the symbol of all of the world's protected wild animals.12Word Power!PictographLatin: pictus=to paintGreek: graphos=to write
Pictures that represent wordsp.106-10713
Writing Web Site Link to the British Museum14Dragon Bones Story:Link to Online Story
p.106-10715Dynasties: Ruling Familiesp.108-10916Qin was the First Emperor (Shi Huangdi)of the Qin Dynasty 221 B.C.
No one had used that title in hundreds of years.
Qin was a powerful leader who conquered many areas of China.
p.11017Shi Huangdi made the government more centralized and divided the land into 36 provinces.
This made the land easier to rule.
He was able to unify a system of weights and measures and a system of money that could be used in all the provinces.
He began to connect the areas of walls and began the Great Wall to keep out invading enemies.
He had great ideas, but he was strict and the people revolted.
This dynasty only lasted for about 20 years but great things happened during this time. 19Han Dynasty 206 B.C.-220 A.D.p.111During the Han Dynasty, China experienced many changes and advancements under the leadership of Wu Di.
He took some of the land away from the rich.He put taxes on imported and exported goods.He built roads.He punished those who challenged him.He valued scholars.He began civil service exams so anyone who passed could work in the government.20
The Silk Road connected Rome to China. It was a famous trade route.
p.11221China had silk and spices. China wanted western goods. Horses were in very high demand. Rome had horses, gold and precious gems.
Besides trading these items, ideas were also exchanged.
When ideas are exchanged, each culture can expand and use each others ideas.
Limits: Diseases were exchanged.
22Master Kung: ConfuciusConfucius was nobility, a high-ranking social class.He lived during a time of chaos and turmoil.People were looking for peace and order.
Confucius valued order, harmony and ways of making the world right.
p.11523ConfucianismThe core of Confucianism is respect for all people.
A sense of humanityrespect for the familyhumility, or modesty the middle wayAccept your role in societyParents are to love their childrenChildren are to respect and honor their parents
24Mandate of HeavenConfucius thought that the people needed to respect their leaders.
He also thought that the leaders must respect their people. He believed that the rulers could lose the Mandate of Heaven if he did not govern fairly.
25AnalectsA collection of sayings by ConfuciusEverything has its beauty but not everyone sees it.
Forget injuries, never forget kindnesses.
It does not matter how slowly you go so long as you do not stop.
Respect yourself and others will respect you.26Mencius was a follower of Confucius.
Mencius thought that all people were good by nature.
Daoism is the belief in finding the way of the universe.
This was another school of thought that came about around the time of Confucius.
There were many schools of thought that came about during this time, known as the hundred schools of thought.
2728The Terracotta Army
In 1974 AD, in a field in western China, farmers found some life sized statues of soldiers. When the authorities were contacted, the field were closed off and excavated.
Over 8000 soldiers, some horses, chariots, acrobats and musicians were found.They were made of clay and buried in rows. Each one was different!
It is thought they were created to protect the emperor in his afterlife!