Ancient China

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    22-Feb-2016
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Ancient China. Existed more than 500,000 years ago Before Sumerians were settling Mesopotamia, Chinese farming settlements were developing along rivers. What is the difference between a settlement and a civilization?. QUICK WRITE 3 min Hint: Refer to “Civilization” notes. . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ancient China

Ancient ChinaExisted more than 500,000 years agoBefore Sumerians were settling Mesopotamia, Chinese farming settlements were developing along rivers

What is the difference between a settlement and a civilization?QUICK WRITE 3 min

Hint: Refer to Civilization notes. What was the geography of Ancient China?Surrounded by natural barriers:Gobi DesertTaklimakan DesertHimalayas Plateau of Tibet (icy) Mongolian PlateauBorders the ocean

Gobi Desert

Taklimakan Desert

Himalayas

Plateau of Tibet

Mongolian Plateau

Borders the Ocean

What Were the River Systems?Two major rivers:Huang He River (Yellow River) Northern ChinaYangtze River Central China Loess: yellow silt

What Were the Environmental Challenges?Devastating floods Chinas SorrowNo/limited tradeConstant northwest invasions How Did the Environment Aide Civilization?Between two rivers North China Plain was very suitable for farming Fertile soil, water supply

What Were the First Dynasties?Xia Dynasty First Chinese Dynasty Controlled floods, took advantage of riversShang Dynasty First Chinese Dynasty to have written recordsMajor City: Anyangbuilt of wood AnyangCity walls protected higher classesPeasants, craftspeople lived in huts outside the city Frequently at war What Do the Indus, Egypt, China, and Mesopotamia Have in Common?QUICK WRITE3 min