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Transcript of Ancient China
How Geography Affected Early ChineseAncient China
GeographyEarliest CivilizationXia DynastyShang DynastyTravel and communication was limited due to the Gobi and Taklimakan Deserts to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the east, and the Himalaya Mountains to the southwest
The river valleys were ideal for farming because the floods of the Huang He River and Chang Jiang River left silt to fertilize the soilChinese Civilization began along the Huang He River also known as the Yellow RiverAccording to ancient stories Yu the Great was the founder of the Xia DynastyFirst dynasty to have been proven by evidence
Huang HeAlso called the Yellow RiverNearly 3,000 miles long across northern ChinaOften floods, and has been referred to as Chinas sorrow because of the destructionChang JiangThe longest river in Asia; also called the Yangzi RiverFlows across central China from Tibet to the Pacific OceanTwo Rivers of China
FarmingEarly SettlementsFrequent flooding made the land fertile around the Chang Jiang and Huang He rivers.Along with farming, the Chinese people hunted, fished, and domesticated animals.Small villages grew into larger cities.Findings at burial sites suggest that the ancient Chinese believed in an afterlife and had a complex social order. Civilization Begins
The Xia dynasty might have been founded around 2200 BC, by Yu the Great.
Tales say that Yu dug channels to drain floodwaters and created the major waterways of North China.
Archaeologists have no firm evidence that tales about the Xia dynasty are true.Xia dynasty
1500 BCFirst dynasty to have been proven by evidence
The King was the center of Shang political and religious life
Attacked neighboring lands and expanded territory.
Priests used oracle bones to make predictions
Society: royal family and nobles at highest levelartisans at middle level farmers and slaves at lower level
Achievements: writing system, use of bronze, calendar, war chariots, and bows
Oracle Bones Whats the importance of oracle bones for people living in China today?
Why would artisans have a higher social status in early Chinese civilization?
The Zhou Dynasty Create a chart in which identify the characteristics of the Zhou Dynasty:
Government The Mandate of HeavenWarring States Period Structure of SocietyFamily RelationshipsEconomy and TechnologyCultural Life
Qin DynastyUnited the Warring States of ChinaGave himself title of Shi Huangdi (First Emperor)Created the Great Wall to defend from nomadic tribes in the NorthCreated standards that unified Chinas economy and cultureEstablished a single language and characters. Produced uniform coins to be used as currency.
Qin DynastyEstablished a central governing system. 36 different provinces that reported to the EmperorTo prevent rebellion, he moved noble families to the capital. Created harsh rules Adopted idea of LegalismStrong leader and strong legal system needed to create social order. Censored ideas he found dangerousImplemented harsh laws
Fall of the Qin DynastySucceeded in creating a united China but dynasty collapsed fast.
Rebellions started because of the dynastys harsh laws.
China came back to chaos, with kingdoms fighting each other again.
Han Dynasty Strong Central GovernmentExpansion of ChinaCivil ServiceSystem of government employees mainly selected for skills and knowledgeSilk RoadTrade RouteExchange of goodsSafer route to trade
Newscast Qin and Han DynastiesQin Dynasty Han DynastyDefending the Empire
Uniform Standards and the Organization of the Empire
Rule of the First EmperorLegalist GovernmentHarsh LawsThought Control
The Fall of the Qin DynastyReuniting and Expanding China
The Structure of Government
The Silk Road