Ancient China

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Ancient China. Presented By: Lexi & Will. Designed By: Rebecca. Overveiw. Ancient China contributed much to the Western World. Accomplishments in Philosophy, Religion , Arts , Architecture , Technology, and Medicines - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Ancient China

  • Presented By: Lexi & WillDesigned By: Rebecca

  • Ancient China contributed much to the Western World. Accomplishments in Philosophy, Religion, Arts, Architecture, Technology, and MedicinesWithout many Chinese inventions our society would vary greatly from how we perceive it todayAncient China lasted from the beginning of the Neolithic Period in 12000 B.C.E. until the end of the Classical Imperial Era in 1234 C.EYin YangMortar and PestleChinese Temple

  • Taoism (Daoism)The founder of Taoism was Lao-Tzu (604-531 B.C.E), a contemporary of ConfuciusHe was searching for a way that would avoid the constant feudal warfare and other conflicts that disrupted life during his lifetimeThis resulted in his book: Tao-te-ChingTaoism started as a combination of psychology and philosophy but evolved into a religion in 440 CE when it was adopted as a state religionThis marked Lao-Tzu ascension into godhead (venerated as a deity)Taoist Beliefs & PracticesTao is the first-cause of the universe - it is a force that flows through all lifeTime is cyclical, not linear as in Western thinking Yin (dark side) is the breath that formed the earth, Yang (light side) is the breath that formed the heavens They symbolize pairs of opposites which are seen throughout the universe, such as good and evil, light and dark, male and femaleIntervention by human civilization upsets the balances of Yin and YangThe Tao surrounds everyone and therefore everyone must listen to find enlightenment Yin YangLau Tzu

  • Five main organs and orifices of the body correspond to the five parts of the sky: water, fire, wood, metal and earth.Each person must nurture the Ch'I that has been given to themGoal of everyone is to become one with the TaoDevelopment of virtue is one's chief taskThe Three Jewels to be sought are compassion, moderation and humilityTaoists follow the art of wu wei; which is to achieve action through minimal actionOne should plan in advance and consider carefully each action before making it Taoists are kind to other individuals, largely because such an action tends to be reciprocatedTaoists believe that people are compassionate by natureTai-ChiLong history involvement by Taoists in various exercise and movement techniquesTai chi works on all parts of the bodyStimulates the central nervous system, lowers blood pressure, relieves stress and gently tones muscles without strainEnhances digestion, elimination of wastes and the circulation of bloodTai-Chi's rhythmic movements massage the internal organs and improve their functionalityTraditional Chinese medicine teaches that illness is caused by blockages or lack of balance in the body's chi (intrinsic energy)Tai Chi is believed to balance this energy flowWorld Tai Chi Day SymbolExamples of Tai Chi

  • AlchemyDiscovery of medicine in Ancient China started more than 2,000 years agoGoal of medicine was to make an Elixir of Life for the EmperorsElixir of Life is a potion that the Chinese believed would make you live forever; become immortalIdea to discover an elixir and the science of medicine was influenced by Tao Ch'ien who was a famous poet and philosopherStated that if one discovered the method of turning metal into gold they would at the same time discover the elixir of lifeTsou Yen who was a pharmacologist, formed a theory on how he thought diseases were causedStated that two spirit-like life forces (Yin and Yang) flowed through the bodyBelieved diseases were thought to be caused when either Yin or Yang were out of balanceUsed herbs, minerals, and animal organsMedicine to ScienceTsou Yen wrote theories about elements and made a system of rules of classifying large and small objectsShen Nong contributed to Tsou Yens work by organizing herbal medicine into two categories: "Four Spirits" and "Five TastesFour Spirits - Medicines that made your body respond to cold, hot, warm, or coolFive Tastes Medicine that is sour, bitter, hot, sweet, or salty when tastedBian QueChart of Medincal Properties

  • Important FiguresLi Shao-Chun was the first doctor/pharmacologist mentioned in early Chinese recordsBian Que was recognized as the Shaman of Life as he reportedly brought a dead prince back to lifePrince was actually in a coma; the use of acupuncture rekindled blood flow in certain points of the bodyIn 100 B.C.E. Shen Nong invented the first set of herbal medicinesmade a graph full of herbs and their usesLi Shizen travelled through China to find every medical achievementListed 1,892 herbs and 11,000 prescriptions in a bookAlso corrected mistakes in some medicine uses and classified all the herbs used in medicineAcupunctureAbout a century after the discovery of medicine acupuncture was inventedNeedles are put in certain parts of the person's bodyBelieved that if you put needles in specific spots, Yin and Yang would be become balancedRelieve pain and wouldn't catch any illness when balancedChinese believed that two dragon spirits lived in ones heart; the Black Dragon and the White DragonBlack Dragon represented bad luck and evilWhite Dragon spirit represented eternity and good luckDoctors had to inspect ones tongue to determine which Dragon resided in ones heartYellow Tongue Meant fire from the Dragon had risen in your stomachPurple Tongue Meant that ones heart is pumping unhealthy bloodRed Tongue - HealthyYellow or Purple Tongue - Black DragonRed Tongue White DragonMeridians of the BodyFace Acupuncture

  • Great Wall of ChinaConstruction of the wall started in 227BC, lead by emperor QinThe Great Wall of China is 6700 kilometers longRuns from east to west crossing over 5 provinces. One of the Seven Wonders of the WorldMain purpose of the wall was to block out the Mongolians from invadingThe wall is about 2300 years oldSmall watch towers were built in sections of the wall for warriors/generals to watch for any invading forcesSymbolizes the power and might of the ancient EmperorsTemple of HeavenThe Temple of Heaven was built in 1420 A.D. during the Ming Dynasty to offer sacrifices to the heavensSurrounded by a long wall and its size is three times larger than the Forbidden CityNorthern part of the wall is semicircular; symbolizes the heavensSouthern part of the wall is square; symbolizes the earthThere are many temples within the Temple of HeavenGrandest one is the The Hall of Annual Prayer. These temples were very important back in ancient China, because emperors would pray on good things to happen to China through these templesToday these temples are still standing in Beijing an are open to the publicGreat Wall of ChinaTemple of Heaven

  • The Stone LionsAncient Chinese believed that the lion was a special/sacred animalBelieve that lions were the king of the animal worldRepresent power and courage Most houses back in Ancient China had two stone lions guarding themOne was male and the other was femaleStone lions had lumps on their head; lumps represented the ranking of the owner of the houseBelieved that the main purpose of having stone lions guarding their homes was to protect against evilEven today some homes in China and even North America have stone lions in front of their houses to protect and guard the homeStone LionHall of Annual Prayer