Ancient China

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Transcript of Ancient China

  • 1. Ancient China Yeah, its awesome too

2. Himalayas Gobi Desert River Valleys 3. From the map

  • What does China have in common with all of the other ancient civilizations we have studied?
  • RIVERS

4. Yellow River 5. Yangtze River 6. Three Gorges Dam 7. Three Gorges Dam

  • Has displaced over 1 million people.
    • Everyone in Champaign-Urbana, Bloomington, Danville, Springfield, and Peoria has to pick up an move.
  • The government is making them move for benefit of the country
    • Do you think that this is right or wrong?
    • If the U.S. Government made all of you pick up and move to another state, would you?

8. 9.

  • Its said that because of the amount of water held by the dam, the earths rotation could be altered
  • DAAAAAAAAAM!

10. 11. Chinese Climate

  • MonsoonSeason Winter
  • Months and months of just rain
  • Allows for farmable land in China

12. 13. 14. 15. Chinas culture

  • Is ancient China more similar or more different than the other cultures we have studied?
  • Is modern China more similar or more different than our culture?
  • How does this difference reflect Chinas geography?

16. 17. Mt. Everest 18. Gobi Desert 19. 20. Their surroundings?

  • Mt. Everest highest mountain in the world
    • Part of the Himalayas
  • The Gobi Desert 4 thlargest and 1 stdriest desert in the world
    • Thats hot!

21. Himalayas Gobi Desert River Valleys What does it all add up to? 22. Ancient Chinese Culture

  • It is very unique because China is extremely isolated from the rest of Asia
  • It makes sense
    • They never were contacted by other groups, thus their culture developed very uniquely

23. Political Structure/ philosophy

  • Mandate of Heaven
    • Read the Mandate of Heavenhandout and answer the questions attached for homework
    • According to the Mandate, under what circumstances did the people have a right to revolt?

24. Mandate of Heaven

    • Heavenwould bless the authority of a just ruler, but would be displeased with a despotic ruler and would withdraw its mandate. The Mandate of Heaven would then transfer to those who would rule best.

25. Social Structure

  • Filial Piety
  • Filial means son or daughter
  • Piety means respect
  • What does filial piety mean?

26. Filial piety

  • Obedience to ones ancestors because of love and respect

27. A Womans Place

  • A clever man builds a city,
  • A clever woman lays one low;
  • With all her qualifications,
  • that clever woman is but an ill-omened bird.
    • What was the womans place, do you think?

28. Chinese philosophy/religion

  • First up is Buddhism
  • Started in India
  • This caught on in China for a number of reasons
    • Buddhism spread because of the Silk Road
    • Not just silk, remember?
  • Buddhism had many characteristics from other Chinese philosophies

29. Buddhisms principal beliefs

  • The physical surroundings are an illusion
    • Material things are pointless, and they cause us pain because we care about them too much
  • Letting go of your worldly cares can bring you close to peace and one with the world
    • This is callednirvana

30. Four Noble Truths

  • Ordinary life is full of suffering
  • This suffering is caused by our desire to satisfy ourselves
  • The way to end the suffering is to end selfish desire and to see others as extensions of ourselves
  • The way to end desire is to follow the Middle Path
  • ANYONE CAN DO THIS
    • Buddha rejected castes

31. The Chinese LOVED THIS

  • They were in rigid social classes as well, but their rulers didnt mind if their subjects tried to reach heaven

32. Chinese religion/philosophy

  • Confucianism founded by Confucius
  • His interests were not religious, but philosophical
  • Known as the first teacher

33. Confucianism

  • Confucius believed in merit-based government
  • Merit-based:
    • If you studied hard and got an A in Government class, you might be pushed to go into politics
    • Ruling is not just for the elite, but for those who can serve well

34. Confucianism

  • What do Confucists believe?
  • Serve your family, and those in power above you.
  • Besubservientb/c you should respect your ancestors
  • What do you think about being subservient to all those above and older than you as a belief system?

35. Chinese religion/philosophy

  • Daoism (Taoism)
    • Based on the teaching of Lao Tzu (Laoze)
  • Like Confucianism, was not concerned with the meaning of the universe
  • The best way to improve the world, was not to do things, but to practice inaction
  • Why was this philosophy attractive?

36.

  • The universe is sacred
  • You cannot improve it
  • If you try to change it, you will ruin it
  • If you try to hold it, you will lose it.
  • - Lao Tsu
  • What did Taoists think about nature?

37. Daoism

  • Taoists had a deep reverence for nature

38. Chinese Religion/Philosophy

  • Legalism
    • No official founder
  • Legalists beliefs
  • People are naturally bad
  • Laws should be impersonal and harsh

39. Legalism

  • People should be ruled by a strong powerful leader to control them
  • Who do you think came up with the idea that China should be rules by a strong leader with lots of power?

40. Not built in a Day: The Great Wall 41. The Who:

  • Parts of the wall were built by previous rulers
  • First emperor of Qin Dynasty, Qin Shi Huang, connected all the differing parts of wall, making it a single wall of rammed earth (more like a mound)
  • Forced many workers to build the wall and many died

42. The What:

  • Worlds longest man-made structure
  • Over 3,948 miles long
  • Questionable whether visible from space (many believe binoculars and clear weather conditions are needed)

43. The Where:

  • Located in China
  • Starts at Bo Hai Sea in the east and extends east to protect the treasure that is, Beijing
  • Qin Shi Huangs wall was located further north than the Great Wall todaylittle of the original exists today

44. The When:

  • Original Qin Shi Huang wall started in 208 BCE
  • Various walls built by other dynasties
  • Great Wall as we see it today was built by the Ming Dynasty from 1560-1640 CE in reaction to the Mongols siege of Beijing in 1550 CE

45. The Why:

  • Built to keep out the nomadic tribes from the north (modern-day Mongolia & Manchuria)
  • Also frontier demarcation (Youre in my territory now!)

46. The How:

  • Quarried what was available in the area: limestone, granite
  • Fired bricks
  • Would build two big outer walls, fill in between with dirt and rubble, then pave over the top, thus connecting the two walls
  • In desert locales, used dirt rammed between wood tied together with woven mats

47. Juyongguan 48. Juyongguan

  • 37 miles northwest of Beijing
  • Strategically protected Beijing
  • One of three greatest passes of the Great Wall
  • What is seen now at Juyongguan was built during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and renovated in the 1990s

49. Letsget Started !! 50. On the way to Station #1:kinda crowded 51. Whew! One down. View from Watch Tower Engraved certificate, anyone? 52. 53. 54. 55. Graffiti, the universal language