Analysing tv programmes (1)

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1. Analysing TV Programmes By Zara Yaffe 2. Form - Fiction The most common form of entertainment is arguably fiction. Fiction is where the content, usually the narrative, is derived from imagination rather than using facts or history. The content of the television programme, film, book, drama and so on, is not necessarily based on facts. A fictional character, for example, may never have been real. As well as other events that occur in the programme may not be real either. An example of a fictional film is Charlie and The Chocolate Factory. In this film, there is a boy that some people may be able to relate to. He and his family are stuck in poverty, which is relatable. The story begins being relatable for the viewer and then begins to spiral off into a completely fictional film. The story goes on to tell us about a chocolate factory that is run by Oompa-Loompas which are basically orange dwarves with green hair from a jungle that are there to make chocolate. The whole factory is apparently edible. There are characters which turn into blueberries and tiny computer figures. This is a fictional film which engages us due to how unfamiliar it is to us as the audience, as obviously we have never experienced this before. If a person who was in poverty was watching this film, they may get a feeling of positivity from it. The little boy, Charlie, wins a golden ticket and a trip of a life-time. Although this trip to a fictional chocolate factory may never be real for the viewer, they might be able to relate to it in another way. Maybe by winning on a scratch card, or something smaller that will give them something to be happy about. The events in this story are completely unrelatable, but the story line of winning something when in a dark time in your life may be real its just a matter of time until you get your winnings. - 3. Form - Documentary Documentaries continue to play important roles in defining, exposing, and transforming social realities. Documentary is a form of entertainment that is based on reality, facts or history. Documentary type shows are designed to educate and inform the viewers. The work, a film or television programme for example, will present a political, social, or historical subject matter. It would be in a factual and informative manner, often consisting of actual news or interviews, accompanied by narration. An example of a documentary would be Planet Earth on BBC. Its a 2006 TV Series produced by the BBC Natural History Unit. Each episode featured different habitats around the world, including jungles, caves and deserts. This documentary used footage of these areas and narration to show what was happening in them. - 4. Form - News A news television programme is there and broadcast in order to inform us, as the public, what is happening locally, nationally, and worldwide. Common news topics include war, politics, sport, business and celebrities. The problem with news is that Rupert Murdoch owns a lot of it, with the big, overall company being News Corp. In England, News Corp owns The Sun, The Times, Sunday Times, and Press Association. These are some of the main newspapers and news go-tos in England. This means that he personally can persuade what is shown worldwide and what people think of worldwide events. Murdoch can decide on what is shown and what is not, which is very biased. Viewers have no reason to not believe what is on the news because the newspapers and television news shows should be truthful and reliable sources. Murdoch being in control of this much of the media is a disadvantage as its too much power for one person. We, as the public, have a right to know what is going on around the world, but, if Murdoch is biased and not letting us see what is going on then its not fair on us being manipulated by him. The typical news programme will begin on the main story of that day/week and the programme will spend time on that particular section. The news can be quite saddening sometimes, with very sensitive stories, facts, footage and images. This is the reason why they will usually end on a happier note, with a quirkier story that will lighten the mood after such sad, negative stories from throughout the programme. Throughout the programme, there will usually be a correspondent that will be in the area of disaster interviewing or showing what is happening there, usually to evoke sympathy from the viewer. They will usually cut in and out of interviews they have made throughout the day of that days reports too. - 5. Form - Promotional The form of promotion, or promo, is a way of advertising used in broadcast media, either television or radio. They are usually used to promote an upcoming release of a film, television or radio programme on a radio station network, cinema or television channel. Promotion is when its informing you that something new is out, but is not telling you to buy it or go to see it. An example would be a film trailer when a new film is coming out in cinemas, the trailer will have a date that officially comes to cinemas. The trailer will contain some footage from the film to tease you and make you want to watch the film in full. This persuades a viewer to actually want to pay to watch the film. They are not saying that you must go and see it on the date mentioned, theyre just letting you know that it is there if you want to. Rather than the company selling the film, theyre informing you that its there as an option. If they were persuading you to buy it or go to see it, theyd use the form of advertisement rather than promotion. Another example is where people go out with merchandise such as stickers, t-shirts, balloons and leaflets that relate to an upcoming film. This is pushing the idea forward to a person that the film is there as an option, but its still not telling the person that they must watch the film. The merchandise is used as a persuasion method by those working for the film or cinema to encourage people to go and watch it. A promotional film trailer for the film Unfriended is 6. Form - Hybrid The form Hybrid or more commonly known as cross-genre is a genre, usually fiction (imaginary, made up or not completely based on facts), that puts themes and elements from two or more different genres together. Examples that include cross- genres are comedy-dramas, or dramedys - these are a mix of comedy an drama. Secondly, comic science fiction is a mix of comedy and science fiction. RomCom, or romantic comedy, is a blend of romance and comedy. The list goes on as there are many different cross-genres. Cross-genres keep the audiences attention as its a newer way of creating and producing television, film and video. Its a fresh way to keep the audience interested and the producers may even put two genres together that might not originally seem like a good match, but thy end up complementing each other working very well together. Usually, horror is where the makers intention is just to petrify the audience. When romance and horror are mixed together, this creates a whole different experience for the viewer. They can either focus on the horror aspect of the film with romance in the background, or they can make romance the main element of the film with horror in the background. Either way, the romance will almost always evoke sympathy for the viewers which makes it even more terrifying when something scary happens to them. Shaun Of The Dead from 2004 basically kicked off the horror romance genre, with comedy added in too. It is more romantic than horrific and is mainly focused on fixing a relationship whilst a zombie apocalypse is taking place. Its known as not being insanely scary, but still being a romantic horror. The trailer for this film is 7. Narrative Linear & Non- Linear A linear narrative of a television show or film is when the whole story follows straight from start to the end in chronological order. There are no flashbacks or dreams, its just clear and straight to the point. In a linear narrative, there is no bouncing back and fourth, even if the whole programme or series is completely predictable. The show will still get viewers because its less confusing to watch as there is no jumping between scenes. Reality shows are a good example of this as it shows whats happening basically as its happening. There are no flashbacks because practically none of it is edited in this way as this is not the style of a reality TV programme. An example of one is Keeping Up With The Kardashians that gets broadcast on E! - A non-linear narrative is one that does not follow a straight forward structure. The television show or film is not in chronological order. The television programme or film may jump backwards and forwards to give hints of what has happened in the past or what may be happening in the future. It may be more confusing for the viewer but I, personally, find it more engaging. I find that a non-linear pattern contains more suspense and understanding because you finally realise something important when flashbacks take place and everything you didnt seem to understand becomes clear to you. This is something I particularly enjoy about non-linear films or television programmes. A great example of a film with a non- linear narrative is Holes. This contains many flashbacks which all go back to different places in time to reveal the story every so often throughout the film. The film is here - 8. Form - Advertising The form of advertisement is where the company is actually trying to sell a product, contrary to promotion which is just making awareness of a product. They are marketing in a persuasive way in order to enco