An Integrated English Course Book 4 Unit 1 Unit 1 Unit 1 Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 2 Unit 2 Unit 2 Unit 3...
Click here to load reader
Embed Size (px)
Transcript of An Integrated English Course Book 4 Unit 1 Unit 1 Unit 1 Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 2 Unit 2 Unit 2 Unit 3...
An Integrated English Course Book 4Unit 1 Unit 2Unit 3Unit 4Unit 5Unit 6Unit 7Unit 8Unit 9Unit 10Unit 11Unit 12Unit 13Unit 14Unit 15Unit 16
Text INever Give In, Never, NeverBackground information:1. About the text: This text is a speech made by Churchill when he visited Harrow School on Oct. 29,1941. In 1888, Churchill entered this school, which was founded in 1572 under a Royal Charter from Queen Elizabeth. In 1940 he came to this school for a short visit and he came again a year later to hear the traditional songs of this school.
2. about the author: Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965) was a combination of soldier, writer, artist, and statesman, renowned for his courage, imagination, oratory and intellect. In world war II he served as Prime Minister of UK from 1940 to 1945 and played a leading role in the resistance against German domination of Europe.
AnalysisThis text is an inspiring speech made by Winston Churchill, when he visited Harrow School. The whole speech can be divided into three parts.1.Part I is the opening remarks 2.Part II is the body of the speech3.Part III is the closing remarks
Part I paragraph 1The following questions may be asked:What was Churchills intention of singing some of their songs?Why did Churchill use ill-favoured words such as ups and downs and misfortunes when talking about the menace of the enemy?What lesson had they learnt?Why did Churchill say the mood was different?
Part II paragraph 2-5Questions to be considered:What did Churchill mean by saying we must learn to be equally good at what is short and sharp and what is long and tough?Why did Churchill quote Kipling as saying
Part III paragraph 6-8The following question could be asked:1. Why did Churchill replace the word darker with sterner?
Language WorkUps and downs : a mixture of good things and bad things The organization has experienced its ups and downs since it was founded in 1999. Sitting beside the window, he recalled the ups and downs of his parenthood.
Position: situation at a particular time
It is time those companies revealed more about their financial position. Their soccer team is going to be in a very difficult position if nothing particular shows up.
What is short and sharp and what is long and tough: difficulties and hardships of any kind, imminent or distant, temporary or long-lasting.
Noble chance of war: impressive opportunities of war
Throwing our minds back to our meeting here 10 months ago: recollecting our meeting at Harrow School 10 months ago. Please throw your mind back to 1945, when people all over the world were engaged in a great and cruel war against the Fascists.
Convictions of honour and good sense: strong beliefs in honour and good judgement of duty and justice
Very different is the mood today: how other nations view Britain and how the Britain people think and feel about the war is quite different today from ten months ago.
Our country stood in the gap: our country shouldered the responsibility in isolation. At the critical moment of world economic recession, a powerful government is needed to stand in the gap.
Structural AnalysisPart I is the opening remarks in which Churchill summarized the great events that had happened in the past ten months and the purpose of his second visit to Harrow School.Part II is the body of the speech in which he analyzed the world situation and how other nations looked at Britain and then called on the people not to give in.Part III is the closing remarks in which he told the audience that he wanted to change a word in the song and explained why he wanted to do so.
Rhetorical Features The following antonyms are used in the speech: ups/downs, short/long, triumph/disaster, darker days/great days. some of these antonyms are used to describe the terrible nature of the war, some of them are used to express the determination of the British people to fight on for the final victory, and some are used to encourage the audience not to lose hope.
Text II Winston ChurchillReference for questionsChurchill stepped onto the world stage at the outbreak of World War I in the capacity of the First Lord of the Admiralty of Great Britain.Because he knew very well that his country alone was not demographically strong enough to win the victory of the war, and the intervention of the USA would bring the war to its end much sooner.
3. In order to get the USA involved in the war, he established a personal relationship with Roosevelt, and he was optimistic and believed that things would work his way. The later development of the world situation proved that he was right.
Text ISpace InvadersBackground information:1. About the text: This text was originally published in New Yorker on July 24, 1993. later in 2001 it appeared again in The Princeton Anthology of Writing: Favorite Pieces by the Ferries Writers at Princeton University.About the author: Richard Stengel is a senior writer working for Time magazine.
3. malthusian logic: the theories of the British economist Thomas Robert Malthus(1766-1843), which state that population increases faster than the means of subsistence unless war, famine, or disease intervenes or efforts are made to limit population.4. long island: an island in southeastern New York. The New York city boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens are at its west end.
Analysis The writer points out that nowadays people are more and more concerned about themselves and want to have a larger personal space than decades ago, and then he analyses the cause of space invasion. It can be divided into three parts
Part I paragraph 1-2The following question may be asked:How did the author describe the violation of personal space that happened in a bank?
Part II paragraph 3-7The following questions could be asked :Is personal space a phrase of the seventies? Is it out of date nowadays? Why or why not?Do you agree with the author about the reasons of space invasion given in Paragraph 4? What other factor have caused it?What does the author mean by saying personal space is mostly a public matter?Do space invaders respect other peoples personal space?
Part III paragraph 8-9Questions to be asked:Do you agree with the writers view that the contraction of the outer, personal space is proportion to the expansion of the inner space of modern man?Do you think we Chinese people have comparatively more personal space or less? Is Chinese personal space now the same as it was decades ago?Why does the author decide to expand his contracting boundaries of personal space?
Language Worksnake : move in a twisting way the train was snaking its way through the mountains. Some tired velvet ropes : some slackened velvet ropes
inch: move very slowly and carefully Howard inched the van forward.
Shuffle: walk by dragging ones feet along or without lifting them fully from the ground He slipped on his shoes and shuffled out of the room. shuffle sth. off: avoid talking or thinking about sth. because it is not considered important He shuffled the question off and changed the topic. shuffle out of sth. Try to avoid some unpleasant task by acting dishonestly I mistrust the way in which they shuffle out of sustained efforts.
Ring: a quality, or an impression of having the quality that is mentioned Her story has a ring of truth about it. The books he mentioned had a familiar ring about them.
Penetrate: succeed in forcing through sth. They penetrated into the territory where no man had ever been before.
Wedge: force into a narrow space Open the door wide and wedge it with a pad of newspaper.
dont tread on me could have been coined only by someone with a spread: dont step into my space. This could have been said only by a person who has a large personal space.
Personal space is psychological, not physical: it has less to do with the space outside us than our inner space: personal space is more a psychological matter than a physical one.
Be proportional to: increase or decrease at the same rate as the other thing The output should be proportional to the input. As a rule the suicide rates are proportional to the size of the city.
Structural AnalysisThe author looks at the causes of space invasion in Paragraph 4. He attributes this phenomenon to population explosion first, then to the hot weather and the stimulation of caffeine.He examines the nature of space invasion and thinks that space invasion is a public matter. It is more psychological than physical.
Rhetorical FeaturesListed below are the verbs used by the author to give a vivid and accurate description of the behavior of the space invaders 1) Verbs used to described the behavior of space invaders: inch, wedge, zigzag, jostle, refuse, press, bump, etc. 2) Verbs used to describe the reaction of those whose space is being invaded: advanced, sidle, shuffle
Text II space and distanceReference for questions:no. the distance we keep from other people depends on our interpersonal relationship.Tell your classmates whether you prefer to sit in the front, in the middle, or at the back of a room. There can be different reasons for different people to make the same choice.In any cases we will turn off the TV before the conversation starts.
Text Alienation and the InternetBackground informationAbout the author: Will Baker is an essayist in Vermont of the United States.mantra (Par