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  • American Library Association

    Association for Library Collections & Technical Services

    Visit LRTS online at www.ala.org/alcts. Click on “Publications,”“LRTS.”

    For current news and reports on ALCTS activi- ties, see the ALCTS Newsletter Online at www. ala.org/alcts. Click on “Publications,” “ALCTS.”

    ARTICLES

    Cost Savings to Canadian University and Large Urban Public 44 Libraries from Their Use of National Library of Canada MARC Records Jamshid Beheshti, Andrew Large, and Pat Riva

    The Preservation Evolution 59 A Review of Preservation Literature, 1999–2001 JeanAnn Croft

    Maximizing Metadata 71 Exploring the EAD-MARC Relationship Katherine M. Wisser and Jennifer O’Brien Roper

    FEATURES

    Index to Advertisers 76

    Library Resources Technical Services ISSN 0024-2527 April 2003 Volume 47, No. 2

    &

  • 42 LRTS 47(2)

    Library Resources & Technical Services (ISSN 0024-2527) is published quarterly by the American Library Association, 50 E. Huron St., Chicago, IL 60611. It is the official publication of the Association for Library Collections & Technical Services, a division of the American Library Association. Subscription price: to members of the Association for Library Collections & Technical Services, $27.50 per year, included in the membership dues; to nonmembers, $55 per year in U.S., Canada, and Mexico, and $65 per year in other foreign countries. Single copies, $15. Periodical postage paid at Chicago, IL, and at additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Library Resources & Technical Services, 50 E. Huron St., Chicago, IL 60611. Business Manager: Charles Wilt, Executive Director, Association for Library Collections & Technical Services, a division of the American Library Association. Send manuscripts to the Editorial Office: John Budd, Editor, Library Resources & Technical Services, University of Missouri, 221M Townsend Hall, Columbia, MO 65211; (573) 882-3258; fax: (573) 884-4944; e-mail: buddj@missouri.edu. Advertising: Bill Coffee, c/o Benson, Coffee & Associates, 1411 Peterson Ave., Park Ridge, IL 60068; (847) 692-4695; fax: (847) 692-3877. ALA Production Services: Troy D. Linker, Kevin Heubusch; Ellie Barta-Moran, Angela Hanshaw, Kristen McKulski, and Karen Sheets. Members: Address changes and inquiries should be sent to Membership Department—Library Resources & Technical Services, 50 E. Huron St., Chicago, IL 60611. Nonmember subscribers: Subscriptions, orders, changes of address, and inquiries should be sent to Library Resources & Technical Services, Subscription Department, American Library Association, 50 E. Huron St., Chicago, IL 60611; 800-545-2433; fax: (312) 944-2641; subscription@ala.org.

    Library Resources & Technical Services is indexed in Library Literature, Library & Information Science Abstracts, Current Index to Journals in Education, Science Citation Index, and Information Science Abstracts. Contents are listed in CALL (Current American—Library Literature). Its reviews are included in Book Review Digest, Book Review Index, and Review of Reviews.

    Instructions for authors appear on p. 163–64 of the October 2002 issue and on the LRTS Web page at www.ala.org/alcts/lrts. Copies of books for review should be addressed to Douglas Raber, Book Review Editor, Library Resources & Technical Services, School of Information Science, University of Tennessee, 804 Volunteer Blvd., Knoxville, TN 37996-4330 (raberd@utk.edu).

    © American Library Association 2003

    All materials in this journal subject to copyright by the American Library Association may be photocopied for the noncommercial purpose of sci- entific or educational advancement granted by Sections 107 and 108 of the Copyright Revision Act of 1976. For other reprinting, photocopying, or translating, address requests to the ALA Office of Rights and Permissions, 50 E. Huron St., Chicago, IL 60611.

    The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of American National Standard for Information Sciences—Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48-1992. ∞

    Publication in Library Resources & Technical Services does not imply official endorsement by the Association for Library Collections & Technical Services nor by ALA, and the assumption of editorial responsibility is not to be construed as endorsement of the opinions expressed by the editor or individual contributors.

    Members Kathleen R. Brown, North Carolina State University

    Lynn S. Connaway, NetLibrary, Incorporated

    Jeanne M. Drewes, Michigan State University

    Martin M. Kurth, Cornell University

    Jack Montgomery, Western Kentucky University

    Linda L. Phillips, University of Tennessee

    Richard E. Sapon-White, Oregon State University

    Stanley J. Wilder, University of Rochester

    Barbara A. Winters, University of Georgia

    Ex-Officio Members Charles Wilt Executive Director, ALCTS

    Miriam Palm, Stanford University, emerita Editor, ALCTS Newsletter Online

    Douglas Raber, University of Tennessee Book Review Editor, LRTS

    EDITORIAL BOARD

    Editor and Chair John Budd

    University of Missouri

  • Join the celebrated troupe of program and preconference planners, authors, continuing education developers, and contributors! It’s your opportunity to collaborate in the company of ALCTS and industry leaders, challenge yourself to reach new personal and professional accomplishments, influence and incite collections and technical services innovation, become a professional resource to new and practic- ing professionals, and leave a respected legacy with the profession.

    EExxpplloorree aanndd EEdduuccaattee wwiitthh AALLCCTTSS Do you have an idea for an institute, preconference, or Annual Conference program? Are you ready to share your skills, expertise, and practice knowledge with others in a web course or

    regional workshop?

    ALCTS Education offers cutting-edge programs including several preconferences and various programs at Annual Conference, regional institutes and workshops throughout the year, and Web courses. We offer our members and professionals an opportunity for discussion, innovation, and hands-on learning of trends and best practices.

    From metadata harvesting to the fundamentals of acquisitions, ALCTS offers an expansive assortment of topics for our members. ALCTS Education is currently looking for new ideas and proposals for future institutes, workshops, and web courses as well as planners for Annual Conference programs and pre- conferences.

    PPuubblliisshh WWiitthh AALLCCTTSS Do you have a manuscript or publishing idea?

    ALCTS publishes numerous guidelines, standards, bibliographies, proceedings of conference and insti- tutes, price indexes, and other valuable items for the ALCTS membership and the profession. We offer librarians in collection development and technical services the most comprehensive selection of profes- sional information.

    ALCTS welcomes proposals and manuscripts from ALCTS members and non-members and is looking for original, unpublished manuscripts and project proposals as well as proposals for revisions of outdated ALCTS publications.

    From Guides to the ALCTS Newsletter Online, from Papers to Library Resources & Technical Services, we can help you get your name on the cover and get your information out to your colleagues.

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  • 44 LRTS 47(2)

    Jamshid Beheshti is Director, Graduate School of Library and Information Studies, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Andrew Large is CN- Pratt-Grinstad Professor of Information Studies, Graduate School of Library and Information Studies,McGill University.Pat Riva is Cataloguing Librarian/Database Specialist, Library Technical Services, McGill University.

    The authors would like to acknowledge the librarians who commented so help- fully upon the pilot questionnaire, who took time to complete the question- naire with such care and thought, and who despite their hectic work sched- ules volunteered to be interviewed, whether or not they were finally included in our interview sample. Marc Richard of McGill University Libraries and France Bouthillier of McGill’s Graduate School of Library and Information Studies generously gave their time and expertise to translate the English-language questionnaire and accompanying letter into French. Liz McKeen of the NLC was a source of encouragement, support, and help at various stages of the project. Finally, Amy MacLean and Valerie Nesset, our research assistants, as is often the case, did the bulk of the day-to-day work, and we are greatly indebted to them.

    Manuscript submitted September 25, 2002; accepted November 26, 2002.

    Cataloging with copy has become a ubiquitous process in all but the verysmallest of North American libraries. Much has already been written about the rapid expansion of shared cataloging since LC card sets first appeared. Instead of undertaking original cataloging of all acquired materials, libraries now make every effort to obtain catalog records that have already been created elsewhere. These records are then integrated into the library’s own database, probably with various degrees of modification to meet the specific needs of the library. O