Algebra unit 2.9
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UNIT 2.9 PERCENTS
1. Write 0.03 as a percent.
2. Write as a decimal.
Find each value. Round to the nearest tenthif necessary.3. Find 10% of 53.
Solve for x.
5. 40 = (x) (20)
Use common applications of percents.Estimate with percents.Objectives
A commission is money paid to a person or a company for making a sale. Usually the commission is a percent of the sale amount.
Caution!You must convert a percent to a decimal or a fraction before doing any calculations with it.
Example 1: Business ApplicationMr. Cortez earns a base salary of $26,000 plus a sales commission of 5%. His total sales for one year were $300,000. Find his total pay for the year.Write the formula for total pay.total pay = base salary + commission Write the formula for commission.Substitute values given in the problem.= 26,000 + 5% of 300,000= base + % of total salesWrite the percent as a decimal.= 26,000 + (0.05)(300,000)Multiply.= 26,000 + 15,000Add.= 41,000Mr. Cortezs total pay was $41,000.
Write the formula for total pay.total pay = base salary + commission Write the formula for commission.Substitute values given in the problem.= 350 + 12% of 940= base + % of total salesWrite the percent as a decimal.= 350 + (0.12)(940)Multiply.= 350 + 112.80Add.= 462.80The telemarketers total pay was $462.80.A telemarketer earns $350 per week plus 12% commission on sales. Find her total pay for a week in which her sales were $940.Check It Out! Example 1
Interest is the amount of money charged for borrowing money, or the amount of money earned when saving or investing money. Principal is the amount borrowed or invested. Simple interest is interest paid only on the principal.Simple Interest Paid Annually
Example 2A: Financial ApplicationFind the simple interest paid for 3 years on a $2500 loan at 11.5% per year.I = PrtWrite the formula for simple interest.I = (2500)(0.115)(3)Substitute known values. Write the interest rate as a decimal.I = 862.50The amount of interest is $862.50.Multiply.
Example 2B: Financial ApplicationAfter 6 months, the simple interest earned on an investment of $5000 was $45. Find the interest rate.I = PrtWrite the formula for simple interest.45 = 2500r0.018 = rThe interest rate is 1.8%.Substitute the given values.
Helpful HintWhen you are using the formula I= Prt to find simple interest paid annually, t represents time in years. One month is year.
Check It Out! Example 2aFind the simple interest earned after 2 years on an investment of $3000 at 4.5% interest earned annually.I = PrtWrite the formula for simple interest.I = 270The interest earned is $270.Substitute the given values. Multiply.I = (3000)(0.045)(2)
Check It Out! Example 2bThe simple interest paid on a loan after 6 months was $306. The annual interest rate was 8%. Find the principal.I = PrtWrite the formula for simple interest.The remaining principal is $7650.Substitute the given values. 7650 = P
A tip is an amount of money added to a bill for service. it is usually a percent of the bill before sales tax is added. Sales tax is a percent of an items cost.
Sales tax and tips are sometimes estimated instead of calculated exactly. When estimating percents, use percents that you can calculate mentally.
Example 3A: Estimating with Percents Lunch at a restaurant is $27.88. Estimate a 15% tip. Step 1 First round $27.88 to $30.Step 2 Think: 15% = 10% + 5% 10% of $30 = $3.00Step 3 Think 5% = 10% 2 = $3.00 2 = $1.50 Step 4 15 = 10% + 5% = $3.00 + $1.50 = $4.50 The tip should be about $4.50.Move the decimal point one place left.
Example 3B: Estimating with PercentsThe sales tax rate is 7.25%. Estimate the sales tax on a book that costs $19.97.Step 1 First round 7.25% to 7% and $19.97 to $20.Step 2 Think: 7% = 7(1%) 1% of $20 =$0.20Step 3 7% = 7(1%) = 7($0.20) = $1.40 The sales tax is about $1.40.Move the decimal point two places left.
Check It Out! Example 3aEstimate a 15% tip on a check for $21.98.Step 1 Think: 15% = 10% + 5% 10% of $22 = $2.20Step 2 Think 5% = 10% 2 $2.20 2 = $1.10 Step 3 15% = 10% +5% = $2.20 + $1.10 = $3.30 The tip should be about $3.30.Move the decimal point one place left.
Estimate the tax on shoes that cost $68.50 when the sales tax rate is 8.25%.Step 1 First round 8.25% to 8% and $68.50 to $70.Step 2 Think: 8% = 8(1%) 1% of $70 =$0.70Step 3 8% = 8(1%) = 8($0.70) = $5.60 The sales tax is about $5.60.Check It Out! Example 3bMove the decimal point two places left.
Lesson Quiz: Part 11. A computer salesperson earns a base salary of $32,000 per year plus a commission of 6% on total sales. Total sales for one year were $350,000. Find the salespersons total pay for the year. $53,0002. Find the simple interest paid for 9 months on a a $500 loan at 8% per year. $303. After 2 years the simple interest earned on an investment of 4000 was $216. Find the interest rate. 2.7%
Lesson Quiz: Part 24. A familys dinner check was $38.82. Estimate a 15% tip.About $6.005.The sales tax rate is 7.1%. Estimate the sales tax on a television set that costs $399. About $28
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