Alexander & the Hellenistic Kingdoms

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The Threat of Macedonia “barbarians” to the north of Greece 338 BC, Philip II conquered Greece Philip II wanted to unite with Greece to defeat the Persian Empire

Transcript of Alexander & the Hellenistic Kingdoms

Alexander & the Hellenistic Kingdoms
4-5 World History The Threat of Macedonia
barbarians to the north of Greece 338 BC, Philip II conquered Greece Philip II wanted to unite with Greece to defeat the Persian Empire Alexander the Great 20 years old when became king of Macedonia
Ruled BC Prepared by his father to become king People In History pg 139 Map pg 140 Alexandria India-return trip-poured out water The Legacy of Alexander
Great military leader Imitated Achilles of Homers Iliad Gained large quantities of gold and silver-economic influence Successors were monarchs-political influence Greek language, architecture, literature, and art spread throughout Southwest Asia and the Near East-cultural influence The Hellenistic Kingdoms
Hellenistic- to imitate Greeks 4 Kingdoms came from Alexanders empire (map pg 141) Macedonia Syria Pergamum Egypt Alexander planned to use Persians as officials, but his successors used Macedonians & Greeks Cities spread Greek culture Hellenistic Culture Libraries: Architecture and Sculpture Literature
Largest in the world at Alexandria, Egypt 2nd largest in Pergamum Architecture and Sculpture New building in cities Sculptors were patronized by kings & rich citizens Literature Appolonius of Rhodes wrote Argonautica Theocritus wrote short poems showing a love of nature Hellenistic Culture Science
Aristarchus-sun at center of universe and earth rotates around the sun Eratosthenes-Earth is round and calculated circumference at 24,675, only 185 miles off the actual figure Archimedes-geometry of spheres and cylinders & pi Inventor Archimedes screw Discovered specific gravity- Eureka (I have found it!) Levers Hellenistic Culture Philosophy
Athens remained the center of Greek philosophy Epicureanism-Epicurus Happiness is the goal of life Social in friendship, but did not participate in politics Stoicism-Zeno Happiness found when gain inner peace by living in harmony with the will of God-whatever life offered Public service is noble The real stoic is a good citizen