ALEXANDER THE GREAT HELLENISTIC AGE
Embed Size (px)
Transcript of ALEXANDER THE GREAT HELLENISTIC AGE
ALEXANDER THE GREAT HELLENISTIC AGE PHILIP OF MACEDONIA King Philip II Became King at age 23 (359 BC)
Brilliant General and ruthless Politician wanted to conquer Greece and Persia Organized army in phalanx 16x16 BATTLE OF CHAERONEA 338BC Greece in state of individualism Every Greek for himself Demosthenes Tried to warn Greece of King Philip Athens and Thebes formed together Philips 18 year old son, Alexander, led army to victory, conquering Greece PHILIPS DEATH Parade in honor of the marriage of Alexander and Cleopatra Philips statue largest of all and entered stadium last Philip wanted to enter without bodyguards Stabbed close friend, maybe lover Several theories behind assassination Lover, plot of enemies, plot of wife/son REMAINS OF PHILIP II KING ALEXANDER King at age 20 Apprentice of Aristotle Horse Bucephalus
Believed he was a relative of Achilles Thebes started a rebellion Alexander destroyed city Killed 6,000 Sold rest to slavery INVASION OF PERSIA 35,000 soldiers Darius III King of Persians
Battle of Grancius River Alexander rushed the Persian forces Darius fled, his army followed Victory of Anatolia OFFER OF PEACE Darius III offered Alexander 1/3 of his empire for peace Alexanders advisors told him to accept Because of how he won, he wanted all of Persia and the known world EGYPT Welcomed as liberator of Egypt 331 BC Oasis of Siwah
Oracle of Amon Egyptian King of the Gods He was the true son of Zeus ALEXANDERS EMPIRE Alex moved east into Mesopotamia
Darius III assembled an army of 250,000 Battle of Gaugamela Alexander charged through Persian lines Darius III fled AGAIN, army followed Victory ended Persian power Alexander moves through Persian cities, through India Valley and into Asia
Never lost a battle Army travels 11,000 miles in 11 years Army wants to turn around Babylon Alexander contracts Malaria from a mosquito 323 BC Alexander dies ALEXANDERS LEGACY My empire will go to the strongest General.
Antigonus King of Macedonia Ptolemy Egypt, became Pharaoh Selecus Old Persian Empire Brought Greek culture to all of East 14 Alexandria cities Overview of King Alex Full Movie HELLANISTIC AGE Alexandria, Egypt Center of commerce and trade
Diverse population of 500,000 Lighthouse of Alexandria 400 ft tall Burned in fire Museum and Library Dedicated to Arts and Sciences LIGHT HOUSE AT ALEXANDRIA ASTRONOMY Small observatory Aristarchus of Samos
Sun was 300 times larger than earth (actually larger) Earth and planets revolve around the sun Theory was not supported Ptolemy said earth was center (14 centuries) MATHMATICS AND PHYSICS
Euclid Opened school of geometry Book called Elements Archimedes Accurately calculated Pi () EUCLID ARCHIMEDES COLOSSUS OF RHODES Q&A 1. Who was Philip II? 2. Who led the army that conquered Greece?
3.Who killed King Philip II? 4.Who led the Persians? 5.What happened to Alexander in Egypt? 6.Describe the Hellenistic Age.