Alexander the great

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Transcript of Alexander the great




  • Why the Great?In ten years, Alexander of Macedonia created the largest empire in the world up to that timeAlexander spread Greek culture, ensuring cultural diffusion and the survival of the qualities of classical Greece

  • Alexander one of the greatest military geniusesHe ascended to the Macedonian throne and reestablished his position in GreeceCampaign against the PersiansGreeted as a deliverer in Egypt, he founded the city of Alexandria and became pharaohAs a statesman and ruler he had grandiose plans but the order was largely nullified by his death

  • Accession to the throneIn 336 BC, King Philip was assassinated

    Alexander ascended to the Macedonian throne Surrounded by enemies at home and threatened by rebellion abroadExecution of his enemies, restored Macedonian rule in ThessaliaReestablished his position in Greece and was elected by a congress of states at Corinth

  • HERITAGE OF THE KINGIn the spring of 336 BC, king Philips was assassinated by a young Macedonian noble Pausanias, during the wedding ceremony in Aegae.

    His dream of conquering the Persian Empire now lays on his successor, his son - Alexander III.

    Alexander III now becomes KING of Macedonia.

  • Bucephalus He mourned his loss and named a city in his honor

    O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee.'

    Alexander on his favorite horse,Bucephalus

  • RULES OF ALEXANDERPhilip was murdered in 336 B.C. by an assassinmaybe hired by his wife, OlympiaSo Alexander was only 20

    when he became king of Macedonia

  • Philip was actually raised in Thebes as a hostage and so was familiar with Greek military tactics. Philip changed them. Introducing the Macedonian phalanx.

  • FIRST ACHIEVEMENTS OF ALEXANDERAt age 16 Alexander was called to Macedonia to put down a Thracian rebellion. Distinguishing himself, Alexander stopped the rebellion, stormed the rebels stronghold and renamed it Alexandroupolis, after himself.

    Philips death caused series of rebellions among the conquered nations and the Illyrians, Thracians, and Greeks saw a chance for independence.

    He defeated them one by one in 336 B.C., when he was only 20 year old)

  • Alexanders forces of over 40,000 crossed at the Dardanelles into Asia, where he declared that the whole of Asia would be won by the spear


  • While in Egypt, Alexander

    had visited the temple of Amon-RaThe oracle proclaimed that Alexander was the divine son of Amon-Ra and destined to rule the worldConflicts arose with his Greek soldiers as he adopted Persian dress & demanded to be recognized as a god

  • `Alexander fought against the Indian king Porus in the Punjab region of ancient India. With the help of Sisikottos, Alexander the Great conquered a powerful Indian ruler in 326 BC/BCE.Like most rulers, Alexander himself depicted in his own currency.


  • Alexander made Babylonia the capital of his EmpireHe married one of Darius daughters and encouraged 10,000 of his soldiers to take Persian wivesHe died the following year at 33 before he could produce an heir and his kingdom was divided among 3 of his generals

    Securing a legacy

  • FACTS OF ALEXANDERFirst king to be called the GreatConquered Persian Empire and annexed it to MacedoniaAristotle was his boyhood tutor and mentorAlexanders only possible heir (son Alexander IV) would be born after his death and the other was the son of a concubine not a wife.

  • END OF THE GREATAlexander died in the palace of Babylon. He was one month short of 33 years of age. Various theories have been proposed for the cause of his death. which including poisoning, or sickness that followed a drinking party, or a relapse of the Malaria which he had contracted in 336 B.C.

    Alexander's death has been a mystery over the centuries. What is certain is that Alexander died of a high fever on June 11, 323 B.C