Alexander The Great

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The Hellenistic Age. Alexander The Great. Phillip Of Macedonia. Lead the Macedonians in the dominance over the Greek Peninsula Found rich gold deposits in his province that allowed him to fund his Army Crushes the Greek city-states at the Battle of Chaeronea . Alexander – Path to Glory. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Alexander The Great

Alexander The GreatThe Hellenistic AgePhillip Of MacedoniaLead the Macedonians in the dominance over the Greek PeninsulaFound rich gold deposits in his province that allowed him to fund his ArmyCrushes the Greek city-states at the Battle of Chaeronea

Alexander Path to GloryBorn in Greek Province of MacedoniaSon of Phillip II and Olympia18 yrs when he lead his fathers cavalry at ChaeroneaInherits the throne after his fathers assassination

Alexanders Siege weapons

Greek PhalanxMilitary formation usually 8 rows deepShields protect the left side while a spear or sword protected the rightAlexanders used the Sarissa (16 foot spear)He used cavalry and loosely mobile infantry on the wings

Invasion of PersiaKills all his rivalsDestroys ThebesBegins his invasion of the Persian EmpireHis military expedition would last 11 years and would expand his empire all the way to India

Alexanders Legacy Alexander dies in 323 bceHis Empire would be divided among his 3 generals Ptolemy = EgyptSeleucus = Syria and IranAntigonus = Anatolia (Turkey)Rome would eventually bring their dynasties to an end (Augustus Ceasar will defeat the armies of Cleopatra and Mark AntonyThe Hellenistic AgeAlexanders invasion of Persia would open up the Persian Culture to the GreeksAt the same time Greeks traded as far away as India. This fostered a growth in the Greek EconomyGreek Pottery, Greek art and Greek architecture would flourish during this Time periodGreeks became exposed to the know how of the Egyptians, and Mesopotamians. This lead to improvements in math, physics, medicine and technologyHellenistic ThinkersEuclid systematized geometryArchimedes theoretical physicsAristarchus earth moved around the sun.Stoicism people should always do what is right despite your pain and sufferingHipparchus moon takes 29 days, 12 hours and 44 minutes to travel around the earthFigured out the length of the year within 6 minutes and 26 seconds