Alexander The Great
Embed Size (px)
Transcript of Alexander The Great
Youre about to see an presentation of a guy who doesnt speak English well (b/c its not his native language n hes just been here for more than a year).
This is the 1st presentation hes ever made, also.
So, please be cool. Dont laugh or make fun of his funny accent and his grammar.
Thanks - TINO
Alexander the GreatBy: Tino Dao2The beginning of the GREATAlexander was born in 356 BC in Pella ancient capital of Macedonia.
He was a son of Philip II, King of Macedonia, and Olympias, Princess of neighboring Epirus.
He spent his childhood watching his father transforming Macedonia into a great military power, winning victory after victory on the battlefields throughout the Balkans.
When he was 13, Philip hired Aristotle to be Alexanders personal tutor. Aristotle gave Alexander a training in literature and stimulated his interest in science, medicine, and philosophy, all of which became of importance in Alexanders later life.
Where the LEGEND begins
Heritage of the KING In the spring of 336 BC, king Philips was assassinated by a young Macedonian noble Pausanias, during the wedding ceremony in Aegae.
His dream of conquering the Persian Empire now lays on his successor, his son - Alexander III.
Alexander III now becomes KING of Macedonia.
First achievements and the RebellionsAt age 16 Alexander was called to Macedonia to put down a Thracian rebellion. Distinguishing himself, Alexander stopped the rebellion, stormed the rebels stronghold and renamed it Alexandroupolis, after himself.
Philips death caused series of rebellions among the conquered nations and the Illyrians, Thracians, and Greeks saw a chance for independence.
He defeated them one by one in 336 B.C., when he was only 20 year old)
His army of 30,000 foot soldiers and 5,000 cavalrymen was small but well organized .
After defeating the Persians, he swept through western Asia Minor.
The second encounter against the Persians took place at Issus, south eastern corner of Asia Minor. Alexander destroyed the Persians army, despite being outnumbered 13 to 1.
Conquered Mediterranean coast area in 332 B.C.
He pushed further south to conquer Gaza and Egypt.
In 331 B.C., he met the Persians for the third time - the Battle of Gaugamela. Once again, he won. He then pushed through to take the Persian Capital at Babylon. Later, the entire Persian domain was under Alexanders control.
After an eight-year campaign Alexander was now ruler of a massive empire. He was keen to push further west but his men wanted to return home with their families. He then returned to Babylon in 325 B.C.His empire now is from Greece to Hindu Kush Mountains area.The end of the GREATAlexander died in the palace of Babylon. He was one month short of 33 years of age. Various theories have been proposed for the cause of his death. which including poisoning, or sickness that followed a drinking party, or a relapse of the Malaria which he had contracted in 336 B.C.
Alexander's death has been a mystery over the centuries. What is certain is that Alexander died of a high fever on June 11, 323 B.C.
Alexander spreads Greek culture to many parts of the world.He had a huge impact on world history spreading the seeds of Western culture and philosophy across the world, and has legends about him in over 80 languages
CitedAlexander of Macedonia : http://www.docstoc.com/docs/266112/Alexander-the-Great-Alexander-of-Macedonia
Alexander Biography: http://www.essortment.com/all/alexanderthegr_rxdz.htm