Alexander- Empire Builder Chp. 5 section 4 Page 128

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Transcript of Alexander- Empire Builder Chp. 5 section 4 Page 128

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  • Alexander- Empire Builder Chp. 5 section 4 Page 128
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  • Review What money did Pericles use to strengthen the democracy and glorify Athens? What money did Pericles use to strengthen the democracy and glorify Athens? Money from the Delian League Money from the Delian League How big was Athens navy? How big was Athens navy? 200 ships 200 ships What were the 2 types of dramas Athenians enjoyed? What were the 2 types of dramas Athenians enjoyed? Tragedy and comedy Tragedy and comedy What was the war between Athens and Sparta called? What was the war between Athens and Sparta called? The Peloponnesian War The Peloponnesian War Who won the Peloponnesian War? Who won the Peloponnesian War? Sparta Sparta Who was Socrates student and Aristotles teacher? Who was Socrates student and Aristotles teacher? Plato Plato
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  • Alexander the Great
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  • Philip Builds Macedonia s Power The Peloponnesian war weakened the Greek city-states The Peloponnesian war weakened the Greek city-states Even after war is over, theyre still fighting Even after war is over, theyre still fighting Philip II took note of this- had dreamed of taking control of Greece first, then move on to Persia and its riches Philip II took note of this- had dreamed of taking control of Greece first, then move on to Persia and its riches Philip also wanted to avenge the Persian invasion of Greece in 490 B.C. Philip also wanted to avenge the Persian invasion of Greece in 490 B.C.
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  • The Place.Macedonia Region just north Region just north of Greece of Greece King was Philip King was Philip http://www.youtube.com/user/historyteachers#p/u/32/Idh 5pWvr8yU http://www.youtube.com/user/historyteachers#p/u/32/Idh 5pWvr8yU
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  • Philips Plan Philip became king of Macedonia at age 23, quickly proved to be a worthy general and leader Philip became king of Macedonia at age 23, quickly proved to be a worthy general and leader Trained special army to defeat Greece Trained special army to defeat Greece Organized his troops into phalanxes 16 men across and 16 men deep Organized his troops into phalanxes 16 men across and 16 men deep
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  • The Warning Demosthenes (Athenian orator) tried to warn the Greeks the threat Philip and his army imposed Demosthenes (Athenian orator) tried to warn the Greeks the threat Philip and his army imposed The Greek city-states couldnt get it together and decide on a policy to defeat Philip The Greek city-states couldnt get it together and decide on a policy to defeat Philip By the time Thebes and Athens banned together to fight, it was too late By the time Thebes and Athens banned together to fight, it was too late They were defeated at the battle of Chaeronea They were defeated at the battle of Chaeronea
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  • Philip could never see his plan of taking Persia put into action because he was stabbed to death at his daughters wedding by a former guardsman Philip could never see his plan of taking Persia put into action because he was stabbed to death at his daughters wedding by a former guardsman Some say his wife Olympia was the mastermind behind the murder so her son, Alexander, could become king Some say his wife Olympia was the mastermind behind the murder so her son, Alexander, could become king
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  • Alexander Philips son, Alexander was proclaimed king Philips son, Alexander was proclaimed king His life long accomplishments give him the name, Alexander the Great His life long accomplishments give him the name, Alexander the Great Became king at age 20 Became king at age 20 Was well educated in many fields Was well educated in many fields Inspirations come from heroic deeds of Achilles in the Illiad, even kept a copy under his pillow Inspirations come from heroic deeds of Achilles in the Illiad, even kept a copy under his pillow Learned how to fight and become a good soldier at early age Learned how to fight and become a good soldier at early age At age 8 was able to tame a horse that none of his fathers grooms could manage At age 8 was able to tame a horse that none of his fathers grooms could manage
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  • Dont mess with Alex! When Thebes, a central city-state in Greece, rebelled, Alexander destroyed the city killing 60,000, and sold survivors into slavery When Thebes, a central city-state in Greece, rebelled, Alexander destroyed the city killing 60,000, and sold survivors into slavery Other Greek city- states were frightened of his cruelty and gave up any idea of a rebellion Other Greek city- states were frightened of his cruelty and gave up any idea of a rebellion
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  • Invasion of Persia With Greece secure, Alexander was ready to invade Persia With Greece secure, Alexander was ready to invade Persia In 334 B.C. he led 35,000 soldiers into the Anatolia In 334 B.C. he led 35,000 soldiers into the Anatolia A Persian army of 40,000 greeted them at the Granicus River A Persian army of 40,000 greeted them at the Granicus River Alexander made the first move and crushed the Persian defenses Alexander made the first move and crushed the Persian defenses
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  • Darius III Persian King Darius III vows to crush the Macedonians and raises an army of 50,000- 75,000 men Persian King Darius III vows to crush the Macedonians and raises an army of 50,000- 75,000 men The two armies meet up near Issus The two armies meet up near Issus Alexander knowing he is outnumbered, orders his men to penetrate through a weak spot and charged at Darius Alexander knowing he is outnumbered, orders his men to penetrate through a weak spot and charged at Darius The frightened king fled, and his army then followed The frightened king fled, and his army then followed Victory gave Alexander control over the Anatolia Victory gave Alexander control over the Anatolia
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  • Alexanders Ambitions Grow Darius tried to negotiate a peace settlement and offered Alexander the western half of his empire Darius tried to negotiate a peace settlement and offered Alexander the western half of his empire Alexanders advisors urged him to accept Alexanders advisors urged him to accept Alexander declined and wanted to take it all Alexander declined and wanted to take it all
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  • Egypt He started first with Egypt, which was a Persian territory at the time He started first with Egypt, which was a Persian territory at the time Egyptians saw Alexander as a liberator from the Persians and made him a Pharaoh Egyptians saw Alexander as a liberator from the Persians and made him a Pharaoh Alexander founded the city of Alexandria shortly after Alexander founded the city of Alexandria shortly after
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  • BY THE WAY. Alexander founded, or conquered 70 citiesand named most of them Alexandria! Alexander founded, or conquered 70 citiesand named most of them Alexandria! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xvRWUC fAPs0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xvRWUC fAPs0
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  • After leaving Egypt, focused on taking Persias mainland After leaving Egypt, focused on taking Persias mainland Again, Darius collected an army- this time 250,000 soldiers Again, Darius collected an army- this time 250,000 soldiers Two armies met up at Gaugamela Two armies met up at Gaugamela
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  • Alexander takes Persia Alexander launched a massive phalanx attack followed by a Calvary charge Alexander launched a massive phalanx attack followed by a Calvary charge As Persian lines crumbled, Darius again, panicked and fled As Persian lines crumbled, Darius again, panicked and fled Alexanders victory at Guagamela ended Persias power Alexanders victory at Guagamela ended Persias power Macedonian troops marched through Persias wealthiest provinces unopposed Macedonian troops marched through Persias wealthiest provinces unopposed
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  • Persians fell down before Alexander and made him feel like a god Persians fell down before Alexander and made him feel like a god This flattered Alexander, but made some of his officers jealous This flattered Alexander, but made some of his officers jealous Alexanders oldest friend and trusted soldier, Cletus, had too much to drink one night and told other soldiers that Alexander was turning into a Persian- Alexanders oldest friend and trusted soldier, Cletus, had too much to drink one night and told other soldiers that Alexander was turning into a Persian- Alexander ran a spear through him Alexander ran a spear through him
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  • Finding Darius Alexander was more interested in making his empire larger than governing it and focused on remote Asian provinces and finding Darius Alexander was more interested in making his empire larger than governing it and focused on remote Asian provinces and finding Darius He finally found Darius- he was dead and had been killed by one of his own men He finally found Darius- he was dead and had been killed by one of his own men
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  • Keeps going Even though Darius is dead, and Alexander had conquered the Persian empire, he wants to conquer more land and get to the edge of the continent Even though Darius is dead, and Alexander had conquered the Persian empire, he wants to conquer more land and get to the edge of the continent Alexanders army proceeded into central Asia Alexanders army proceeded into central Asia When reaching t