Albuterol sulfate

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  • 1. Albuterol sulfate (albuterol sulfate inhalation solution) inhalation solution is a sterile, clear, colorless solution of the sulfate salt of racemic albuterol, albuterol sulfate (albuterol sulfate inhalation solution) . Albuterol sulfate (albuterol sulfate inhalation solution) is a relatively selective beta2-adrenergic bronchodilator (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY). The chemical name for albuterol sulfate (albuterol sulfate inhalation solution) is 1 [(tert-butylamino) methyl]-4-hydroxy-m-xylene- , '-diol sulfate (2:1) (salt), and its established chemical structure is as follows: The molecular weight of albuterol sulfate (albuterol sulfate inhalation solution) is 576.7 and the

2. empirical formula is (C13 H21 NO3)2 H2 SO4. Albuterol sulfate (albuterol sulfate inhalation solution) is a white crystalline powder, soluble in water and slightly soluble in ethanol. The World Health Organization recommended name for albuterol is salbutamol. Albuterol sulfate (albuterol sulfate inhalation solution) inhalation solution is supplied in two strengths in unit dose vials. Each unit dose vial contains either 0.75 mg of albuterol sulfate (albuterol sulfate inhalation solution) (equivalent to 0.63 mg of albuterol) or 1.50 mg of albuterol sulfate (albuterol sulfate inhalation solution) (equivalent to 1.25 mg of albuterol) with sodium chloride and sulfuric acid in a 3-mL isotonic, sterile, aqueous solution. Sodium chloride is added to adjust isotonicity of the solution and sulfuric acid is added to adjust pH of the solution to 4.0 (see HOW SUPPLIED). Albuterol sulfate (albuterol sulfate inhalation solution) inhalation solution does not require dilution prior to administration by nebulization. For albuterol sulfate (albuterol sulfate inhalation solution) inhalation solution, like all other nebulized treatments, the amount delivered to the lungs will depend on patient factors, the jet nebulizer utilized, and compressor performance. Using the Pari LC Plus nebulizer (with face mask or mouthpiece) connected to a Pari PRONEB compressor, under in vitro conditions, the mean delivered dose from the mouth piece (% nominal dose) was approximately 43% of albuterol (1.25 mg strength) and 39% of albuterol (0.63 mg 3. strength) at a mean flow rate of 3.6 L/min. The mean nebulization time was 15 minutes or less. Albuterol sulfate (albuterol sulfate inhalation solution) inhalation solution should be administered from a jet nebulizer at an adequate flow rate, via a mouthpiece or face mask Albuterol (also known as salbutamol) is used to treat wheezing and shortness of breath caused by breathing problems (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Albuterol belongs to a class of drugs known as bronchodilators. It works in the airways by opening breathing passages and relaxing muscles. Controlling symptoms of breathing problems can decrease time lost from work or school. This medication is taken by mouth and does not work right away. It should not be used for sudden attacks of breathing trouble. Your doctor may prescribe a quick-relief inhaler for sudden shortness of breath/asthma attacks while you are on this medication. Always have the quick-relief inhaler with you. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details. How to use albuterol sulfate oral Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually 3 or 4 times daily. Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Adults and children older than 12 years 4. should not take more than 32 milligrams a day. Children aged 6 to 12 years should not take more than 24 milligrams a day. Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same times each day. Do not increase your dose or take it more frequently than prescribed. Learn which of your medications you should use every day and which you should use if your breathing suddenly worsens. Ask your doctor what to do if you have worsening cough shortness of breath, wheezing, increased sputum, worsening peak flowmeter readings, increased use of your quick-relief inhaler, or if your quick-relief inhaler does not seem to be working well. Learn when you can self-medicate and when you should get medical help right away. 5. What Causes Asthma? The exact cause of asthma isn't known. Researchers think some genetic and environmental factors interact to cause asthma, most often early in life. These factors include: An inherited tendency to develop allergies, called atopy (AT-o-pe) Parents who have asthma Certain respiratory infections during childhood Contact with some airborne allergens or exposure to some viral infections in infancy or in early childhood when the immune system is developing If asthma or atopy runs in your family, exposure to irritants (for example, tobacco smoke) might make your airways more reactive to substances in the air. Some factors might be more likely to cause asthma in certain people than in others. Researchers continue to explore what causes asthma. 6. The Hygiene Hypothesis One theory researchers have for what causes asthma is called the hygiene hypothesis. They believe that our Western lifestylewith its emphasis on hygiene and sanitationhas resulted in changes in our living conditions and an overall decline in infections in early childhood. Many young children no longer have the same types of environmental exposures and infections as children did in the past. This affects the way that young children's immune systems develop during very early childhood, and it may increase their risk for atopy and asthma. This is especially true for children who have close family members with one or both of these conditions. asthma azm/ noun 1.1. a respiratory condition marked by spasms in the bronchi of the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing. It usually results from an allergic reaction or other forms of hypersensitivity. 1.What are the symptoms of asthma? 7. ... Common asthma symptoms include: Coughing, especially at night Wheezing Shortness of breath ... Common signs and symptoms of asthma include: Coughing. Coughing from asthma often is worse at night or early in the morning, making it hard to sleep. Wheezing. ... ... Asthma signs and symptoms include: Shortness of breath Chest tightness or pain Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing ... ASTHMA FACTS Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the lung airways that causes coughing, chest tightness, wheezing or shortness of breath. An estimated 22 million Americans have asthma; 6.5 million are under 18. Asthma mortality is 4,000 deaths per year. Mortality is especially high among Puerto Ricans and African-Americans. Puerto Ricans are four times more likely and African Americans are three times more likely to die of asthma than Caucasians. Asthma results in 497,000 hospitalizations and 1.8 million emergency room visits. 8. Asthma is the most common chronic illness in childhood, accounting for 12.8 million missed school days each year. It also accounts for 10.1 million lost work days for adults. The estimated economic cost of asthma is $19.7 billion annually. Direct medical expenditures associated with asthma, including hospital care, physicians services and medications, are estimated at $14.7 billion annually. Indirect medical expenditures, including lost work days for adults suffering from asthma or caring for children with asthma and lost future earnings from premature deaths associated with asthma, total $5 billion annually. Triggers that can initiate an asthma attack include allergens such as pollen, dust, animal dander, drugs and food additives, as well as viral respiratory infections and physical exertion. Obesity, use of acetaminophen and exposure to formaldehyde and other volatile organic substances are identified as new risk factors for asthma. Asthma is often hereditary. Weather conditions such as extremely dry, wet or windy weather can worsen an asthma condition. Effective asthma treatment includes monitoring the disease with a peak flow meter, identifying and avoiding allergen triggers, using drug therapies including bronchodilators and anti- inflammatory agents, and developing an emergency plan for severe attacks. 9. There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control and quick-relief medications. Long-term control medications are preventive, taken daily to achieve and maintain control of asthma symptoms. Quick-relief medications are used to treat asthma attacks. They relieve symptoms rapidly and are taken on an as- needed basis. One of the most effective medications for controlling asthma is inhaled corticosteroids, which are anti-inflammatory medications. Taken early and as directed, these well- tolerated and safe medications can improve asthma control, normalize lung function, and possibly prevent irreversible injury to lung airways. Combination therapy (inhaled corticosteroid plus a long-acting beta2-agonist) is the preferred treatment for asthma when inhaled corticosteroids alone do not control the disease. Immunotherapy or allergy vaccinations should be considered if asthma is triggered by exposure to unavoidable allergens, if symptoms occur year-round or during a majority of the year, or if it is difficult to control symptoms with medication. 10. Need more information? Lung Health Information Line: 1-888- 344-LUNG (5864) [email protected] Subscribe to our eNewsletters Asthma No Attacks Hotline 1-866-NO-ATTACKS (1-866-662-8822) Allergy and Asthma Network *Mothers of Asthmatics 1-800-878-4403 American Lung Association 1-800-586- 4872 Visit this site to obtain phone numbers for local chapters. Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America 1-800-727-8462, 7 a.m. - midnight CERTAIN FOODS Many people find that foods containing the preservative sulfite can trigger their asthma symptoms. If you have been suffering f