ahmedabad BRTS study

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AHMEDABAD BRTS is officially named as JanMarg by Sri Narendra Modi which means peoples way a road that can carry citizens in safety, comfort and at high speeds.Janmarg a vision of Shri Narendra Modi to provide Ahmedabads citizens with cost effective, efficient and state of the art public transport.14th October 2009- this is a day that will remain edged forever in the annals of Ahmedabads glorious history. It was on this day that Shri Narendra Modi flagged off Janmarg, Ahmedabads own state of the art Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS).It is operated by Ahmedabad Janmarg Limited, a subsidiary of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. It is designed by CEPT University.

INTRODUCTION-BUS RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM(BRT)CONCEPT: Bus rapid transit (BRT) is a term applied to a variety of public transport systems using buses to provide faster, more efficient service than an ordinary bus line. Bus Rapid Transit is the name given to sophisticated bus systems that have their own lanes on city streets.It ensures fast, reliable, secure and high capacity service.BRT is mainly used in the America; in India, it is called BRTS (the additional 'S' stands for system)IMPLEMENTATION OF BRTS IN INDIA:India currently has a number of operational BRT systems and many more under construction.Existing BRT Systems with segregated lanes:Pune: was the first BRT system in India. Currently uses low floor Volvo busesAhmedabad: is India's most developed and advance BRT system. Currently uses Ashok Leyland semi-low floor busesDelhi: was the second BRT system in India. Currently uses Tata Marcopolo BusJaipur: currently uses Ashok Leyland busesExisting BRT Systems without segregated lanes:Mumbai: currently uses King-Long, Mercedes and Tata busesIndore: currently uses Tata buses

BRT Systems Under construction:Rajkot: Under constructionSurat: Under constructionIndore BRTS: Indore BRTS.EARLIER PUBLIC TRANSPORTAMTS has been providing public transport facilities since 1947.As on Feb 2008, there are 538 buses operated by private operators and 484 by AMTS taking the total fleet to 1022. Daily passengers (daily boarding) is up to 936,886.Y BRTS IN AHMEDABAD??There was need of another way for Inter-city Transport for the growing city.Hence, Plan of BRTS was proposed by AMCFIGURE: SHOWING BRTS ON AHMEDABAD ROADINTRODUCTION AHMEDABAD BUS RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM (BRTS)OBJECTIVE OF AHMEDABAD BRTS: The Ahmedabad BRTS was conceptualised with the objective of redesigning the citys structure and existing transport systems in order to make public transportation more accessible, efficient and environment friendly. It aims to reduce the length and duration of travel as well as peoples dependence on automobiles PROJECT DESIGN KEY STAKE HOLDERS:

Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation Project support Guj(AMC) Lead planning and implementation agency CEPT University, Ahmedabad Planning and design Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India Project funding Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA) aND Infrastructure Development Board (GIDB) - Project support Urban Development and Urban Housing Department, Government of Gujarat - Project support Ahmedabad City Traffic Police - Project supportLea Associates South Asia Pvt. Ltd. (LASA) Project management consultants Contractors and service providers like Roman Tarmet and IRB Ltd. (road infrastructure works), M/s Nila Infrastructure (bus station works), Charted Logistic Pvt. Ltd. (bus operator), Vayam GMV Intelligent Transportation Pvt. Ltd. (ITS and ticketing), Technocrats Systems Pvt. Ltd. (automated door works), and Webel with technical support from Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (automated traffic signal system). Residents of Ahmedabad city

THE MAIN COMPONENTS OF THE BRT PROJECT INCLUDE: Running ways BRT stations Customised buses Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) FIGURE : AHMEDABAD PUBLIC TRANSIT NETWORK, 2010 PHASE 1(1)Total distance: 50.78 km Circular Route: (Shivranjani AEC Akhbar nagar Ranip Wadaj Dudheswer Delhi Darwaja Kalupur MEMCO Naroda Soni ni Chal Expressway Junction Vatva Narol Dani Limda Dharnidhar Naheru nagar Shivranjani) PHASE 1(2)Total distance: 14.39 km Old City Route: (Soni ni Chal Rakhiyal Gomtipur Sarangpur Geeta Mandir Jamalpur Kankaria Maninagar Shah Alam Dani Limda) PHASE 2(1)Total distance: 6.72 km Cross City (East-West Link) (Nehru nagar Gujarat University CG Road Law Garden Gandhi Gram Ellis Bridge Dana Pith Astodia Geeta Mandir) PHASE 2(2)Total distance: 5.62 km Bopal Extension: (Shivranjani Jodhpur cross Rd ISRO ISKCON / SG Highway ISRO Colony Bopal)PHASE 2(3)Total distance: 6.59 km Sola Extension: (AEC Bhuyangdev Sattadhar Sola Flyover Science City) PHASE 2(4)Total distance: 6.34 km Chandkheda Extension: (Ranip RTO Sabarmati ONGC ChandkhedaPHASE 2(5)Total distance: 3.54 km Odhav Extension: (Soni ni Chal Odhav)PHASE 2(6)Total distance: 615.93 m Kalupur

FIGURE : BRT PLAN NETWORK WITH LANDUSE MAP

The BRT plan consisted of development of 217 km of BRT corridors in three phases.While selecting roads along potential BRT corridor, Connect busy places but avoid busy roads had been the policy.Major access road has been widened to 30 meter width. Similarly AMC has removed encroachments from the road alignments in the intermediary zones.These opened up several opportunities for BRT to connect important destinations.PHASINGPhase 1 has 58.3 km identified BRT corridor.The corridors selected as part of phase 1 were mainly the rings in Ahmedabad.Phase II has 30.5 km of identified BRT corridorDariapur Darwaza - Kalupur - Sarangpur will have Elevated corridor of 4.5 kmPROPOSED PHASE IIIConnecting Ahmedabad to Gift City and Gandhinagar

TYPE OF SYSTEM OPERATIONS: OPEN AND CLOSED

FIGURE : OPEN SYSTEMFIGURE :CLOSED SYSTEMOPEN SYSTEM:Regular buses in BRT lanesPartial BRT segregationReduced Reliability and qualityDelays due to boarding/alighting, Ticketing Bus turnings at junctions become criticalCLOSED SYSTEM:Specially designed BRT buses ply in BRTlanesFull BRT SegregationHigh reliability and quality of serviceDelays avertedBus turnings at junctions rationalisedSystem TypesClosed system trunk and feeder services selectedOpen system considered but not selected

Running WayCentre RunningCurb RunningMixed TrafficJANMARG SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS

StationsAesthetically designed, accessible level boardingNear side (before intersection)Two buses at each side

FIGURE : MAP SHOWING CATCHMENT AREAS FIGURE : MAP SHOWING DENSITY OF PASSENGERS IN EACH CATCHMENT AREA

SUBJECT: URBAN DESIGN STUDIO-II

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ROADWAY DESIGN:Adequate road width is required to accommodate the various road utilities for a successful BRTS . Various other features such as walking tracks and cycle tracks can be incorporated along with BRTS to make the entire system more efficient and sustainable urban transport. The corridors identified for BRT under phase I and II have different existing RoWs (Right of Ways). Thus, length of corridors differ resulting in difference of cross section at various lengths which is as follows:24 m wide30 m wide36 m wide40 m wide60 m wide

30M WIDEConsisting of 2 central Bus lanes, 6 lanes for Mixed traffic and wide pedestrian pathway

36M WIDEConsisting of 2 central Bus lanes, 4 lanes for Mixed traffic , wide pedestrian pathway and cycle track, parking has added to this type of road

40M WIDEConsisting of 2 central Bus lanes, 6 lanes for Mixed traffic , wide pedestrian pathway and cycle track, parking has added to this type of road60M WIDEConsisting of 2 central Bus lanes, 6 lanes for Mixed traffic , wide pedestrian pathway , cycle track, parking and service lane , activity area has added to this type of roadFIGURE : AHMEDABAD BRT ROAD NETWORK

FIGURE : STUDY AREAFIGURE : STUDY AREA HIGHLIGHTING IN LANDUSE PLAN

FIGURE : LAND USE IN 2006FIGURE : LAND USE CHANGE IN 2010

Both Residential areas and Commercial areas being converted to industrial ( Service and Light, Automobile) on the eastern side of river.Public areas increase as vacant lands and slums converted to Public.24M WIDEConsisting of 2 central Bus lanes, 4 lanes for Mixed traffic and wide pedestrian pathway

FIGURE : CHANGES IN SUB CATEGORY LANDUSE - 2006CHART : LAND USE CHANGECHART : CHANGES IN SUN CATEGORY LANDUSE

FIGURE : CHANGES IN SUB CATEGORY LANDUSE - 2010

FIGURE : HIGHLATED AREAS ARE SHOWING WHERE LANDUSE CHANGES HAPPENED AT AKBHARNAGAR BUS STOPFIGURE: HIGHLATED AREAS ARE SHOWING WHERE LANDUSE CHANGES HAPPENED AT MEMNAGAR BUS STOP

LEGEND:HIGLATED AREAS

FIGURE: HIGHLATED AREAS ARE SHOWING WHERE LANDUSE CHANGES HAPPENED AT CTM, JOGESHWARI SOCIETY, SONI NI CHALI STOP

FIGURE : SHOWING BRT LANE IN AHMEDABAD

FIGURES : ANJALI JUNCTION BEFORE AND AFTER JANMARGBEFOREAFTERSUBJECT: URBAN DESIGN STUDIO-II

FIGURE : ARTICLE SHOWING SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT AWARD TO JANMARG

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