Agony and Ivory: ivory trade is back

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    29-Mar-2016
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...recent chinese immigration in Africa is undoubtly a key to understand and discover the new trading routes... and behind the trade is a serious stake : the survival of Forest elephant in Central Africa. A French veterinarian who investigated in seven African countries, tells us his story.

Transcript of Agony and Ivory: ivory trade is back

  • Ivory trade is back......recent chinese immigration in Africa is undoubtly a keyto understand and discover the new trading routes... andbehind the trade is a serious stake : the survival of Forestelephant in Central Africa. A French veterinarian whoinvestigated in seven African countries, tells us his story.

    Photos and text by Jean-Franois Lagrot/LightMediation

  • 2735-38: Ofir Drori in front of the 1 ton ivory seizure that occured in Douala in September 2009.

    Contact - Thierry Tinacci -LightMediation Photo Agency - email: thierry@lightmediation.com - mobile: +33.6.61.80.57.21

  • 2735-01: A carver is exhibiting a chess rider made of ivory in a suburb of Abidjan, Ivory coast. Most rawivory used in West Africa comes from central Africa because of weak local elephant population.

    2735-02: An african elephant bull in the Zambezi river on the border of the Mana Pools national Park /Zimbabwe.

    2735-03: An elephant made of several parts of ivory in the hands of a carver. Dakar, Soumbdiounemarket, Senegal. There is no more live elephant in Senegal...

    2735-04: Tusks of a 40 years bull in the Zambezi river / Mana Pools National Park / Zimbabwe.

  • 2735-17: In Goma, DRC, carvers are displaying their carved items for MONUC customers?

  • 2735-06: In a suburb of Libreville, Gabon, a trader is offering a pair of polished tusks for sale for 400000CFA, (600euros).

    2735-07: An ivory virgen ordered by an italian missionary but never picked up on the Bangui artefactmarket. (CAR)

    2735-09: Chinese seamen are bargaining for chopsticks in the main Libreville artefact market. Gabon. 2735-11: A carver is polishing a tusk in the final step of the carving process. Libreville/ Gabon.

  • 2735-56: Taking the tusks off is a job that could last not less than 2 hours...The Pygmee assistant (Augustin) is in charge.

  • 2735-12: In the main Brazzaville workshop, an artist is carving a village scene all around a 60cm tusk. 2735-14: National Stockpiles in Yaounde, Cameroon.

    2735-15: A carver working in a Libreville workshop. Gabon. 2735-17: In Goma, DRC, carvers are displaying their carved items for MONUC customers?

  • 2735-12: In the main Brazzaville workshop, an artist is carving a village scene all around a 60cm tusk.

  • 2735-18: Male, son of Male, is the most famous carver in Kinshasa and one of the best in central Africa.His specialty is the ivory mermaid that no one else can carve... the mermaid tail is quite diffficult to carve !

    2735-19: In Treichville quarter, these carvers run a shop dedicated to ivory trade. They get orders fromEurope mainly and are used to copy classical models like roman sculptures. Abidjan, Ivory Coast.

    2735-21: In Treichville quarter, these carvers run a shop dedicated to ivory trade. They get orders fromEurope mainly and are used to copy classical models like roman sculptures. Abidjan, Ivory Coast.

    2735-23: One of the numerous stalls dedicated to ivory items on the Bikeko market in Kinshasa, DRC.This market is the best place for open ivory trade in central Africa.

  • 2735-09: Chinese seamen are bargaining for chopsticks in the main Libreville artefact market. Gabon.

  • 2735-24: A vendor is exhibiting an ivory statue in the alley of the Bikeko market in Kinshasa, DRC. 2735-26: Several tens of stalls like this one are mostly dedicated to ivory trade on the bikeko market inKinshasa, DRC.

    2735-32: Ofir Drori, director of NGO, LAGA (Last Great Ape), has been fighting for a few years againstivory dealer. His NGO is based in Yaound, Cameroon.

    2735-34: Ofir Drori and his NGO LAGA are in charge of the management of the Cameroon ivory stockpilesin Yaound.

  • 2735-35: Ofir Drori and his NGO LAGA are in charge of the management of the Cameroon ivory stockpilesin Yaound.

    2735-36: An Eco-guard exhibits a piece of tusk from the Douala 1 ton september 2009 seizure.

    2735-38: Ofir Drori in front of the 1 ton ivory seizure that occured in Douala in September 2009. 2735-39: This elephant foot was prepared to become a Djembe . It was part of the 1 ton seizure inDouala / september 2009.

  • 2735-42: Officials are presented the 1 ton ivory seizure made in douala in September 2009.

  • 2735-41: The Cameroon minister of Forest and Wildlife presents the 1 ton seizure to the local media inYaounde. (September 2009)

    2735-42: Officials are presented the 1 ton ivory seizure made in douala in September 2009.

    2735-47: The Brazzaville ivory trader arrested in april 2008 was carving items for Chinese customers. 2735-48: After his arrestation in April 2008, Mr Ikama, the main ivory trader in Brazzaville, was jailed for afew weeks in spite of high political pressure...

  • 2735-21: In Treichville quarter, these carvers run a shop dedicated to ivory trade. They get orders from Europe mainly and are used to copy classical models like roman sculptures. Abidjan, Ivory Coast.

  • 2735-50: Lobk National Park, South East Cameroon. A 20 year elephant was poached within the Parkboundaries. The trunk, a delicacy, was first cut off to feed the poachers.

    2735-51: Robert, the poacher in chief, killed his 500th elephant that day.

    2735-52: Lobk National Park, South East Cameroon. A 20 year elephant was poached within the Parkboundaries. The trunk, a delicacy, was first cut off to feed the poachers.

    2735-53: A Small amount of meat is used. Most (95%) of the carcass is left in the forest. If they smokedthe meat for transport, the ecoguards could spot them more easily...

  • 2735-62: Robert, belongs to the respected caste of the Grande Chasse , which means he hunts big game and elephant in particular with a rifle...

  • 2735-56: Taking the tusks off is a job that could last not less than 2 hours...The Pygmee assistant(Augustin) is in charge.

    2735-57: These 2 tusks weigh around 5 kg both. The poachers will get a salary of 45 euros from them.Two elephant have been wounded in the forest before that one was killed. Result : Probably 3 elephant

    2735-59: The trunk and others delicacies are cut into smaller parts before being smoked for a night. Thissmoking process helps better conservation and lowers weight.

    2735-60: The trunk and othe delicacies are cut into smaller parts before being smoked for a night. Thissmoking process helps better conservation and lowers weight. Meat is also strongly salted before

  • 2735-70: The middleman from Cabinda bargains that quite impressive 8 kg ivory statue. It's good money for him to buy a nice item in Kinshasa and sel lit in Angola despite High risk during transport.

  • 2735-61: A bag of smoked meat and 5 kilos of ivory. Here is the salary of the poachers' team after 11 daysin the forest.

    2735-62: Robert, belongs to the respected caste of the Grande Chasse , which means he hunts biggame and elephant in particular with a rifle...

    2735-63: The Pygmee portor whose name is Augustin carries the meat and tusks during 24 hours to getback to the main road.

    2735-65: The hunting guide destroyed a poachers' camp at the edge of his territory. He risks a retaliationoperation from the poachers. Indeed a few months later they fire his own hunting camp.

  • 2735-02: An african elephant bull in the Zambezi river on the border of the Mana Pools national Park / Zimbabwe.

  • 2735-66: The ecoguards from the Lobk National Park, south east Cameroon, generally discover thepachyderm carcasses weeks after they were killed? The lack of means is real : only 1 4x4 for a huge

    2735-67: Traditional ivory mask from the Rega tribes in Kivu, Eastern DRC.

    2735-68: A recently seized pair of tusks in the office of the staff in charge of the national stockpilesmanagement in Bangui, CAR. That pair is waiting to be stored properly. Before that, it is marked

    2735-69: A angolese middleman came to Kinshasa to buy from a local carver a very beautiful ivory statuefor a Customer based in Cabinda, Angola.

  • 2735-70: The middleman from Cabinda bargains that quite impressive 8 kg ivory statue. It's good moneyfor him to buy a nice item in Kinshasa and sel lit in Angola despite High risk during transport.

    2735-71: A angolese middleman came to Kinshasa to buy from a local carver a very beautiful ivory statuefor a Customer based in Cabinda, Angola. The Kinshasa carvers are very famous and considered as the

    2735-72: These items are displayed in a Goma workshop (Eastern DRC). Ivory comes for part from Thenearby Virunga National Park from part from forests of the Kivu forests. Most of them have been emptied

    2735-75: Most of the raw ivory carved in Abidjan comes from central Africa as elephant population in WestAfrica is much too small to supply the market. Some worked ivory items also come from East Africa like

  • 2735-59: The trunk and others delicacies are cut into smaller parts before being smoked for a night. This smoking process helps better conservation and lowers weight.

  • 2735-76: A carver in a Goma/DRC workshop is exhibiting a piece roughly carved. The carvers have noelectricity and carve manually. As a consequence carving is much more rough and can be easily

    2735-77: In this Lubumbashi artefact market, in the South of DRC, raw ivory comes mainly from Zambiabut it is carved locally as law is not so strict on this side of the border...

    2735-79: This young elephant in Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe is searching for his mother that wasprobably killed by poachers. Due to terrible economic situation there has been a sharp increase in

    2735-80: The author, Jean-Franois Lagrot, is discussing with Male, the most famous ivory carver inKinshasa and probably in central Africa.

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