Agincourt, 25 October 1415

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Agincourt, 25 October 1415. Hundred Years War Henry V Longbow Joan of Arc “Infantry Revolution” Constantinople. The 100 Years War 1337 to 1453. Edward III, King of England, Duke of Aquitane His cousin was Philip VI, King of France (thus Lord over Aquitane) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Agincourt, 25 October 1415

  • Agincourt, 25 October 1415Hundred Years WarHenry VLongbowJoan of ArcInfantry RevolutionConstantinople

  • The 100 Years War1337 to 1453Edward III, King of England, Duke of AquitaneHis cousin was Philip VI, King of France (thus Lord over Aquitane)He demanded that Edward swear allegiance Edward refused and plotted to place Robert, Duke of Suffolk, on the French throneEdwards mother, Isabella, sided with PhilipEdward banished her to France and had her lover killedEngland had fewer knights, less military experience, and would have to fight in France

  • English Military ReformsPay by taxation -- no plunderEnglish there to kill not captureIntroduction of longbowCould fire five arrows before a knight could close the gapRequires skilled archers

  • Success of the SystemCrcy, 1346English bowmen killed 1,542 French knights and lost just 200Poitiers, 1356English killed 2,500 knights, lost 1,000Led to a truce from 1396 to 1413Henry V, who assumed the English crown in 1413

  • The Road to AgincourtHenry lost 3,000 of his 12,000 men to diseaseHe had just 900 knightsFrench found him near Amiens and converged with 30,000 men

  • 1,000 yards

  • AftermathWe few, we happy few, we band of brothers; For he to-day that sheds his blood with me Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile, This day shall gentle his condition: And gentlemen in England now a-bed Shall think themselves accursed they were not here, And hold their manhoods cheap whiles any speaks That fought with us upon Saint Crispin's day.

    French lost 6,000 knights in a single afternoonEnglish losses less than 150Henry ordered French prisoners killed

  • ImpactsFrench revival under Joan of ArcFrench use of culverins, infantryEnd of mounted knight

  • Constantinople, 1453Most powerful forts in the worldHad never been taken by forceOttoman Turks used 70 guns, including 12 superbombardsWith these guns, Ottomans took the city in less than 2 months