Agenda for a Sustainable Malaysia - Talk to Astro

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Transcript of Agenda for a Sustainable Malaysia - Talk to Astro

AGENDA FOR A SUSTAINABLE 1MALAYSIABy Hashim bin Abdul Wahab, Ph.D; DSDK Vice-President, Malaysian Nature Society TALK DELIVERED AT ASTRO OSHE WEEK MONDAY, JULY 26, 2010

Sustainability Meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs

Recognizing the equal importance of economic growth, environmental conservation and social improvement

Gro Harlem Brundtland

CRITICAL CHALLENGESGLOBAL WARMING/CLIMATIC CHANGE due to excessive emission of: CO2 transportation, industries Methane livestock industries, dump sites Nitrous oxide - industries

CONTRIBUTED BY 3 KEY FACTORS: 1. INCREASE IN POPULATION PUTS PRESSURE ON NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCES FOOD, LAND, FORESTS, FOSSIL FUEL, MARINE RESOURCES; POLLUTION OF LAND, RIVERS, LAKES, SEAS; WASTE MANAGEMENT; DEPLETED RESOURCES SUCH AS WATER, BIODIVERSITY, AIR 2. INDISCRIMINATE DEFORESTATION 3. SOLAR RADIATION

PEOPLE & POPULATION INCREASE Malthusian concerns on geometrical population increase which means more mouths to feed; from 26.6 million (now) to probably 37 million Malaysians by 2020, or exceed 70 million people by 2050. Study the birthrate and the changing demography, changing food & dietary habits must be deciphered in addressing future trends in eating habits and food preference; and also food services sector growth. The challenge is finding the comprehensive solution to feed the people in the futureNEXT

FOOD Feeding the Worlds Population Now 6.7 billion but 8.3 billion by 2025

ENDANGERED WILDLIFE 42 species of mammals34 species of birds 14 species reptiles 14 species of fish

ENDANGERED PLANT SPECIES

WILDLIFE TRADE

POLLUTION OF ENVIRONMENT

PENGURUSAN SAMPAH SARAP

CO2 AND SEA LEVEL RISES- Technology Review

400,000 Years ago 1 10

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present

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GLOBAL WARMING

Polar caps melting

Size reduced by 2.5 times the size of Malaysia

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Violent weathers are coming

GLOBAL WARMING effecting CLIMATE CHANGE !

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Global Warming / Climate Change Depletion of Non-Renewable, fossil fuels (petroleum) to cause price increase; hence petroleum-based FERTILISERS & PESTICIDES become costly.

Climate Change affect Agriculture by:ii. Changing Rains and bring both Floods and Droughts (Droughts Crop failure; Floods to coastal lands rendering to increased salinity iii. Delayed Monsoons by 10 -15 days. It will then affect the blooming periods. That in turn affect the fruit set and behaviour of the pollinators (honeybees, bats, birds, etc.). Delayed monsoons means delayed fruiting season and harvesting time. That also means delayed mating season and flora-fauna abundance and distribution !!The whole fauna-flora ecosystem is definitely altered/shifted!

To have an economic system that will harmonise the creation of wealth with environmental protection and social consideration which ultimately promote the creation of a united, healthy and happy Malaysians

GOALS:

1. Manage pop. growth and physical dev. 2. Restore, conserve and protect biodiversity 3. Food and fibre security through S. Agric. 4. Sustainable business & economics, policies & laws 5. Develop clean power and energy efficient technologies 6. Promote social equity & high spiritual achievement 7. Restore & improve clean, healthy ecosystems

SPECIFIC GOALS

Strategy 1. Manage Population Growth and Physical Development Review policies and formulate strategies to encourage family planning Encourage pop. Distribution away from high density areas such as Klang Valley, Penang-Seberang Prai, Johor Baru to low density areas such as the East Coast of PM and the eastern Malaysian states of Sarawak and Sabah Promote the development of small towns and rural communities

Strategy 2 Restore, Conserve and Protect Biodiversity Establish nature and marine parks & manage them sustainably, guided by integrated management plans Manage sustainably forests that have been assigned for commercial logging Encourage tree planting with appropriate preferably indigenous spp. In schools, cities & rural communities Impose severe penalties for illegal logging and trading in rare, endangered and protected spp Conserve heritage trees Establish natural history museums with botanical gardens in each state

one or worlds oldest Rainforest

approximately 200 million years old one of the 12 MegaBiodiversity countries in the world(75% of worlds species)VJ/Malaysian Nature Society 2001

86 2spp of mammals 736 spp of birds 268 spp of reptiles

158 spp of amphibians4,000 spp of marine fishes

449 spp of freshwater fishes15,000 spp of flowering plants 2,700 spp of orchids 536 spp of palms 350 spp of corals

15,000 flowering plant species

VJ/Malaysian Nature Society 2001

736 species resident birds

VJ/Malaysian Nature Society 2001

4,000 species marine fishes 449 species freshwater fishVJ/Malaysian Nature Society 2001

150,000 species invertebrates

VJ/Malaysian Nature Society 2001

1.4 million species (20% of estimated total) in the planet may have yet to be discovered.

VJ/Malaysian Nature Society 2001

UTILIZATION OF AGROBIODIVERSITY

Estimated 2 to 100 million sp. 30 millions 2 millions named around 7000 sp. utilised as food 20 species supply 90 percent of worlds food rice, wheat, maize Millions of species not studied and potential not known

WHY CONSERVE AGROBIODIVERSITY

FOOD SECURITY HEALTH FISH FORESTRY TOURISM ECOSYSTEM SERVICES INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE BIOTECHNOLOGY

Strategy 3 Food and Fibre Security through Sustainable Agriculture Farming systems rotational cropping, mixed farming, intercropping Organic farming Soil amelioration and conservation Agriculture waste management Integrated pest management Development of biochemicals

Strategy 4 Sustainable Business & Economics, Policies & Laws Low pollution economy Promote corporate social responsibility Sustainable trade practices Introduce carbon emission trading scheme Promote parks and wildlife sanctuaries as ecotourism destinations Promote sustainable harvesting of forest products for non-traditional uses in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries

Strategy 5 Develop Clean Power & Energy Efficient Technologies

Set an annual cap in amount of gas emission Improve public transport system and encourage people to use it Research into systems for clean power and energy efficiency Alternative energy sources

Strategy 6 - Promote Social Equity and High Spirituality Working with communities in sustainability issues Developing curricula on sustainable dev. For specific communities Creating better places to live, work and play Encourage people to be more active and lead a healthier lifestyle

Strategy 7 Restore & Improve Clean, Healthy Ecosystems Ban the development of mangrove areas & steep hill slopes Proper management of agricultural wastes Enforce the law on no bomb and chemicals in the harvesting of fish Install efficient waste management systems

Malaysian Nature SocietyTo promote the study, appreciation, conservation and protection of Malaysias natural heritage

Established 1940 Oldest environmental NGO Membership based Community based, education and scientific body, nature centres and publications

MISSION OF MNSTO PROMOTE THE STUDY, APPRECIATION, CONSERVATION AND PROTECTION OF MALAYSIAS NATURAL HERITAGE FOCUSSING ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

1976-80 1987

Blueprint for conservation in Malaysia Kuala Selangor Nature Park

1985-891990

Endau-Rompin Heritage Expedition50th ann. Int. Conference on Conservation of Tropical Biodiversity

19911993

UNEP Global 500 AwardEfforts culminate in Endau-Rompin National Park

19941996

Belum Scientific and Heritage ExpeditionFramework for NERC in Endau-Rompin National Park (Johor)

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

Milky Stork Project in KSNP 2nd Belum Expedition BirdLIfe International World Conference Millenium Tree Planting - A Gift to the Nation - 100,000 trees in 1 minute Raptor Watch Week - To save West Coasts only Coastal Forest; Tanjung Tuan Langkawi Scientific and Heritage Expedition MNS Belum-Temenggor Campaign

2003 2006

HELP save OUR Natural Heritage

VJ/Malaysian Nature Society 2001

Dark Cave at Batu Caves

Kuala Selangor Nature Park

Projek Pemuliharaan Hutan Paya Bakau Sg. Kertih dan Pusat Pendidikan Alam Sekitar

FRIM-MNS-SHELL Nature Education Center MNS-BOH Field Study Center Cameron Highlands

RIMBA ILMU ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PROGRAMME University Malaya & MNS

Nature Camp Activities

Forest ecology sessions Canopy walk Night walk & Blind trail Scavenger hunt Nature craft & Paper recycling Bird watching Stream ecology session Environmental game Role play Astronomy/ star gazing

Documentation of natural history of Malaysia Malayan Nature Journal Malaysian Naturalist Selected titles on nature

MNS

NEC Publication & Modules Keruing Newsletter Modules: Introduction to Tropical Rainforest Freshwater ecology Animals Plants Recycling Global issues etc

Malaysian Nat