Africanized Honey bee stinging incidents

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Africanized Honey bee stinging incidents. Terminal Performance Objective. TPO1 - TPO1 - At the completion of this lesson the student shall be able to perform the necessary steps to safely rescue a victim from a stinging incident with 70% accuracy. Enabling Objectives. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Terminal Performance Objective TPO1 - TPO1 - At the completion of this

lesson the student shall be able to perform the necessary steps to safely rescue a victim from a stinging incident with 70% accuracy.

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Enabling Objectives EO1 – The student shall learn the basics of honey

bee biology with 70% accuracy. EO2 – The student shall describe the cast found in

a honey bee colony with 70% accuracy. EO3 – The student shall identify the methods

honey bees use to communicate with 70% accuracy.

EO4 – The student shall be able to name the various triggers which can disturb a honey bee colony with 70% accuracy.

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Enabling Objectives EO6 – The student shall discuss the role of the fire

service at a stinging incident with 70% accuracy. EO7 – The student shall describe the uses and

limitations of protective equipment with 100% accuracy.

EO8 – The student shall be able to don protective equipment with 100% accuracy. (skill set)

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Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera) Colony

EusocialCavity DwellersProduce Surplus

Honey

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Africanized Honey Bee(Apis Mellifera Scutellata)

Brought to S. America in 1956

Bread with E. Honey Bee

12 escaped in 1957

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Importance of Honey Bees Pollination

$15 billion in added crop value

Beekeeping IndustryGA produces $7

million in honeyND produces $47 m

Beekeeper6,000 +/- Beekeepers

in GA

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Cast Honey bees have 3

castQueenWorkerDrone

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Queen Lays eggs Emits pheromones Normally only one

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Worker Work 95-99% of the

colony

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Drone Mates with queen 0-5% colony

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Communicate Dance Pheromones

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Communicate Pheromones

AlarmBrood RecognitionDroneEgg MarkingFootprintForagerNasonovQueen MandibularQueen Retinue

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Colonies and Swarms Colony

A population of honey bees within an established hive.

Swarma great number of

honeybees emigrating together from a colony in company with a queen to start a new colony elsewhere.

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Swarm

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Colony

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Defensive Behavior Defend hive Defend themselves

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Defensive Triggers Vibrations (sounds) Fast movements Dark colors Carbon monoxide Alarm Pheromones

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At Risk GroupsAt Risk Groups Outdoor workers

LandscapersSurveyors Utility workersEquipment

operators* Military during

training Sports enthusiasts Rescue personnel

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People At Most RiskPeople At Most Risk Small Children Elderly Handicapped

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At Risk AnimalsAt Risk Animals Animals at risk

TetheredPenned,

caged, or corralled.

Horses and goats don’t mix with bees.

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Conclusion/Questions

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AHB in Georgia Discovered

October 21, 2010Near Albany, GA73 year old maleWorking on bulldozerColony in a old porch

column

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AHB in Georgia 2 more colonies

have been identified in the Albany area.More trapping and

testing will continue in the spring

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How did they arrive?

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GA Beekeeping Regulations GA Regulations

Restrictions on Beekeeping

QuarantineKeeping Africanized

Honey Bees

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Role of the Emergency Services Rescue Medical treatment Be observant Educate

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Personal Protective Equipment

Bee Veil Bee Suit / Turnout gear Gloves Boot Bands/Duct Tape

NO DARK COLORS NO PATCHES NO SPLASH SUITS

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Deployment One engine company (4 personnel)

Incident Commander (IC)Pump operatorTwo person attack/rescue team.

One ALS Med Unit (2 personnel) Additional Resources

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Dispatch

If available, turn on the air conditioning. Roll up all windows. Have Medic ride/arrive on scene in back

of med unit. Have PPE on prior to arriving or exiting

the vehicle.

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Arrival/Staging Approach tactics can

not be used to minimize exposure

AHB will “hunt” out invaders.

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On-Scene Work scene like a

haz-mat incident Turn off lights and

sirens. Locate victims.

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On-Scene Establish 800 ft.

perimeter. Minimize apparatus

commitment. Level II staging out

side of “Warm” zone. Stage apparatus 150-

200 ft. from victims. Stage Med Unit 300-

400 ft. behind Patient.

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800 ft.

HOT

WARM

150/200’

300/400’

IC

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Victim Rescue/Approach Use 150-200 ft. 1½ or 1¾ attack line. Pump AFFF at 6% mix ratio. Advance toward victim. Sweeping the air (if needed). Cover fire fighters and victim with foam.

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150-200 ft.

6% foam

Pump at pressure and volume recommended by the manufacture in relation to the length of hose used.

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Victim Rescue/Retreat

Sweep bees off patient’s face. Place patient on stretcher. Use towel/sheet to protect patient’s face. Continue to spray foam while retreating.

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300 to 400 ft. from original position

Reevaluate if area is far enough away to begin patient treatment.

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Patient Care First priority

patient’s Airway!Honey Bees target

○ Dark Colors/Areas○ Carbon Monoxide

After stinging bee will not die immediately.

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Patient Care

Main reactionsAirway obstructionsBronchospasms Cardio-genic shockNeurogenic shockCardiac arrest *

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Patient Care

Follow local medical directives

Remove stingers (scrape)

Monitor all vitals

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Mop Up Remove apparatus

from hot/warm zone. Maintain perimeter.

May take up to 24 hours for bees to calm down.

Call in an exterminator or professional bee remover.

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Summary Honey bee biology – Honey bees are complex insects that

live in eusocial colonies. 3 cast in a honey bee colony – There are 3 cast in a honey

bee colony. Queen, Worker, Drone. Honey bee communication – Honey bees can communicate

through dancing and pheromones. Defensive triggers – Include vibrations, dark colors, fast

movement, carbon monoxide, and alarm pheromones.

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Summary Role of the fire service at a stinging incident Uses and limitations of protective equipment Don protective equipment Steps to safely rescue a victim from a stinging incident

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