Africa Review April 27, 2015. Expressions of Culture Expressions are ways people show their...

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Transcript of Africa Review April 27, 2015. Expressions of Culture Expressions are ways people show their...

  • Slide 1
  • Africa Review April 27, 2015
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  • Expressions of Culture Expressions are ways people show their thoughts, feelings, values, and beliefs. Expressions of culture include art, music, dance, literature, language, sports and games.
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  • A Pictograph Comparing Canada and Africa: Population of Canada: - around 34 million (34 000 000) Population of Africa: - around 100 ten millions or 1 Billion People! (1 000 000 000) Area of Canada: - around 10 million km Area of Africa: - around 35 million km Name _____ Lesson #1 - The Location Gr. 6__ And Geography of Africa Legend: 1 = 10 million people Legend: 1 = 5 000 000 km
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  • Read Pages 157-159 Objective: to identify, locate, and map West Africa; to list examples of its major geographical features. How does Africa compare to North America and the other continents? Africa is 2nd largest in both size and population; only Asia is larger. North America is 3 rd in size. How far to the North and South of the Equator does Africa stretch? Africa stretches about 4 000 km north and south of the Equator.\ What does Sub-Saharan Africa mean? Sub-Saharan Africa means is the region in Africa south of the Sahara Desert. Sub-Saharan Africa is divided into 4 regions: 1)East Africa 2) West Africa 3) Central Africa and 4) Southern Africa. Africa has 54 countries and more than 2 000 languages! Name _____ Lesson #1 - The Location Gr. 6__ And Geography of Africa
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  • Algeria Seychelles Egypt The Comoros Cameroon Niger
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  • Ethiopia Kenya Burkina Faso Malawi Cape Verde Liberia
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  • Cradle of Humanity Archaeologists investigate the origins of humans by digging for remains of bones and for artifacts, like tools, pottery, and shelters. When archaeologists find human remains, they examine them for DNA DNA is a substance contained in a living things; it carries our genetic information - ex. hair and eye color. Artifacts from Africa have shown that human-like creatures called hominids lived in Africa millions of years ago before modern humans.
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  • Traditional musical instruments in West Africa were used for religious ceremonies, celebrations, and entertainment. Dancing usually accompanied the playing of these instruments. There are 5 instruments that are commonly used in most West African countries. Match the instruments to instruments that are similar here in Canada: African InstrumentCanadian Instrument 1.Jeli-koni from Mali ukulele 2.Shekere from Ghanamaracas Music and Dance
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  • African InstrumentCanadian Instrument 3.Kakaki from Nigertrumpet 4.Tiohoun from Burkina Fasoxylophone 5.Gan gan or Dun Dunbongo drums (small)(large) Music and Dance
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  • Drumming 3 ways to beat a drum- slap, tone, bass The musician in the video played a drum called a djembe.
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  • Art & Proverbs A proverb is a short well-known saying that expresses a wise thought. (Example: if you are hiding, do not light a fire) Examples of art include textiles, sculptures and masks.
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  • Families of African Languages 1)Afro-Asiatic 2)Niger-Congo (has the most number of speakers) 3)Nilo-Sahara 4)Khoisan
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  • Swahili Swahili is one of the easiest languages for English-speakers to learn. Letters written in 1711 in the region of Kilwa are believed to be the first ever documents to be written in Swahili.
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  • Numbers 1-10 in Swahili 0 sufuri7 saba 1 moja8 nane 2 mbili9 tisa 3 tatu10 kumi 4 nne 5 tano 6 sita What is your phone number in Swahili?
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  • Endangered Species Endemic- only found in a certain area Examples of endangered species in Africa Addax Pygmy Hippopotamus African Elephant
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  • Sports and Games
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  • Dibeke Ball game played in an open field Player kicks the ball as far away as possible from the opposing team. He or she tries to run the length of the field before an opposing player gets the ball.
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  • Diketo Requires fast reflexes. Several small stones are placed in a shallow hole in the ground. One player throws a stone into the air. Player must scoop up as many stones as they can from the hole before catching the airborne stone before it hits the ground.
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  • Jukskei Target game with two playing fields at opposite ends Peg planted upright in a sandpit between the two teams Teams of four try to topple the peg using a skei.
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  • Why are indigenous games important? They celebrate and preserve culture. They boost community/country spirit. Teaching younger generations is important. Helps everyone understand their own culture (reaching out to one another) Celebrating together shows the diversity of the different regions.
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  • Values & Sports Today, almost all cultures believe it is important for children to play. Playing sports and games is a great way to be physically active and stay healthy.
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  • Values & Sports Some cultures prohibit people from playing games of chance such as card games and gambling. Sometimes, this is related to religious beliefs. Some cultures believe that women should not play sports in public. Different beliefs and values mean that sports play different roles in peoples lives.
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  • Values & Sports Some cultures feel it is very important to spend a lot of money on athletes and sporting events. Other countries think money should be spent on things that benefit the whole community (hospitals, schools, etc).
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  • Values & Sports Countries make their own decisions based on their own needs and values.
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  • Globalization of Sports Global means relating to the world. Globalization refers to the process of spreading around the world.
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  • The Olympics When the modern Olympic Games began in Athens, Greece, in 1896, only 14 countries took part. 204 countries took part in the last Olympics. Today, all African countries participate in the Olympics. This is evidence of a new trend- the globalization of sports. People all over the world are playing the same sports.
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