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  • 1.Short notes For exam 70-270Administering Windows XP Professional www.testout.com Brought to you by Piratez

2. Administering Windows XP ProfessionalTable of Contents 1.Installation ................................................................................................................................................ 5 Installing Windows XP Facts Upgrading to Windows XP Facts Network Installation Facts Automated Installation Facts Troubleshooting Installation Facts 2.Users & Groups.......................................................................................................................................... 9User Preferences FactsBuilt-in and Predefined User AccountsUser Preferences FactsBuilt-in and Predefined User AccountsLocal User Account Best PracticesBuilt-in Local GroupsImplicit Local GroupsLocal Group FactsUser Profile Management TasksFolder Redirection FactsGroup Policy Facts 3.Installing Hardware ................................................................................................................................. 14 Installing Devices Drivers File Verification Programs Multiple Monitors Multiple Processors Power Management Hardware Profile Considerations 4.Networking .............................................................................................................................................. 19 Network Components TCP/IP Configuration Settings Troubleshooting TCP/IP Name Resolution Facts Dial-up Connection Facts Remote Authentication Protocols VPN Tunneling Protocols Common Port Numbers ICS and ICF Facts Remote Services Facts 5.Disk Management ................................................................................................................................... 25 File System Facts Basic and Dynamic Disks Volume Characteristics Volume Mount Point Facts 2 Designing Disks for Multiple Operating Systems Page Boot.ini FactsPiratez Book 3. Administering Windows XP Professional6.Managing Files......................................................................................................................................... 28 File Compression Facts Encryption Facts Disk Quota Facts NTFS Permission Facts Shared Folder Facts Offline File Facts Internet Information Services (IIS) 7.Printing .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Printing Facts UNIX Printing Facts Managing Printing Advanced Print Configuration Multiple Printers Printer Pooling Faxing Facts 8.Internet Explorer URLs ............................................................................................................................ 35 9.System Optimization ............................................................................................................................... 36 Applications and Processes System Performance Backup Facts 10.System Security ..................................................................................................................................... 41 Account Policies Facts Auditing Facts Security Templates Facts IE Security Facts IE Certificates3Page Piratez Book 4. Administering Windows XP ProfessionalFrom Piratez Thank you for your interest in this release.This book was written using Testout study guide CDs so the content doesnt express the idea of Piratez. So if you find any problem dont contact us ; but www.testout.com .This product is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.This is freely distributable and available for use by anyone, without restrictions. With this there is no need to worry about piracy. We encourage you to make as many copies as you like and to give them to your friends and colleagues. Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this document, but changing it is not allowed. You are under no moral or legal obligation to pay anyone for this right to use this.Wish you all the best for your 70-270 exam !-Piratez 4 Page Piratez Book 5. Administering Windows XP Professional1.INSTALLATION Installing Windows XP FactsWindows XP requires the following for a successful installation:Pentium 233 MHz or greater (300 MHz recommended) 1.5 GB free disk space 64 MB RAM (128 recommended) Super VGA CD-ROM or DVD drive Keyboard and mouseTo start the installation, use:Winnt.exe to start installation from a DOS environment. Winnt32.exe to start installation from within a 32-bit environment.The following table lists common switches to use with the installation programs.SwitchPurpose /makelocalsourceCopies installation files from the CD-ROM /dudisableDisables dynamic updates during installation /dupreparePrepare downloaded update files for use during installation /dushareStart the installation with downloaded update files /uIndicates use of an unattended answer file /udfIndicates the use of a uniqueness database file /sSpecifies a path to source files /checkupgradeonly Verifies upgrade compatibility with XP /debug[level]:XPdebug.log Creates a debug log for an XP Professional installationKeep in mind the following facts about performing an installation:Before starting the installation, check the Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) to verify your hardware is compatible with Windows XP. Before starting the installation, disable virus checking in the BIOS. Gather all information about the computer and the network (such as the domain name) before starting the installation. During installation, press F5 to install a custom HAL. During installation, press F6 to install a custom SCSI driver. After installation, you must activate your copy of Windows within 30 days. Activation does not send personal information to Microsoft (it isn't the same as registration). Activation can be done through the Internet or over the phone.Upgrading to Windows XP FactsBefore beginning the installation, run Winnt32.exe /checkupgradeonly to verify the system compatibility with Windows XP. The results of the check are saved in the %systemroot%upgrade.txt file.5 To preserve system settings during a clean install, use:Page Piratez Book 6. Administering Windows XP ProfessionalFiles and Settings Transfer Wizard: A GUI tool for saving and restoring personal settings.Scanstate and Loadstate utilities: Use Scanstate to save the settings to a network folder. UseLoadstate to load the saved settings on the new machine.The following operating systems can be upgraded to Windows XP Professional: Windows 98 (including SE)Windows MEWindows NT 4.0 Workstation (load the latest service pack before upgrading)Windows 2000 ProfessionalWindows XP Home EditionNetwork Installation FactsYou should know the following facts about Remote Installation Services: An RIS server must have the following components installed on it: o DHCP o DNS o RIS o Active DirectoryUse the Rbfg.exe (Remote Boot Disk Generator) file to create a boot disk for non-PXEcompliant network adapters. The boot disk simulates the PXE boot process. The file is locatedin the RemoteInstalladmini386 folder on the RIS server.On the workstation, be sure to enable network boot in the BIOS.Use the Riprep.exe file to create the image of the reference computer.To perform a network installation without RIS: 1. Copy the source installation files to a shared network drive.2. If necessary, update the installation files with service packs or hotfixes.3. Execute Winnt or Winnt32 from the network share.To use dynamic updates during an installation, download the updates to a network share. Use the following switches with the Winnt or Winnt32 command to apply dynamic updates during the installation:Switch Function /Duprepare:[path to downloaded updates]Prepares the updates for use during installation. /Dushare:[path to downloaded updates]Starts the installation with the downloaded update files. /Dudisable Prevents the dynamic update from occurring.To apply a service pack to the source installation files, use the Update.exe s:[network_share] command and switch. This applies the service pack changes to the installation files in the network share.Automated Installation FactsWindows provides the ability to perform an unattended installation from a CD-ROM. To perform an unattended installation from a CD-ROM, the following conditions must be met:6The computer must support booting from a CD-ROM, and must adhere to the El-Torito non-Pageemulation specification. Piratez Book 7. Administering Windows XP ProfessionalThe unattended answer file must be renamed to Winnt.sif and copied to a floppy disk so Setupcan access it. When Setup displays the message that it is examining the hardwareconfiguration, insert the floppy disk containing the Winnt.sif file.The answer file must contain a valid [Data] section with the following entries to theunattended answer file:o UnattendedInstall=Yes - Value must be set to "yes".o MSDosInitiated=No - Value must be set to "no" or Setup will stop during the graphicalportion of Setup.o AutoPartition=1 - If the value is set to 1, the installation partition is automaticallyselected. If the value is set to 0 (zero), you are prompted for the installation partitionduring the text portion of Setup.You can also automate installation by preparing a disk image. You then duplicate the disk image to a new hard drive and boot the system. Use the following files to prepare an automated installation using an image:FileFunction Sysprep.exe Prepares a system for duplication Setupcl.exe Runs a mini-setup wizard when the duplicated drive is booted Sysprep.inf An optional answer file that automates the mini-setup wizard. Can be copied to a floppy disk.Note: These files belong in the Sysprep folder at the root of the system drive.Troubleshooting Installation FactsUse the /debuglevel:logfile switch to create an installation debug log. The default debug level is 2.