Adlerian psychotherapy

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  • 1. Adlerian Psychotherapy

2. Alfred Adler Life History Vienna - 1870 An Ophthalmologist Later turned to Psychiatry Joined Freuds discussiongroup Started criticising Freudsviewpoints Developed a concept ofsocial interest and severalother new concepts Died -1937 3. Adlerian Psychotherapy Adler with Freud and Jung major contributors View of Human Personality stresses Where we are strivingto go is more important thanwhere we came from 4. Major Concepts View of Human Nature Focus on inferiority feeling whichmotivate us to strive for mastery,success, superiority and perfection We not only determined byheredity and environment We have the capacity to interpret,influence and create events 5. Major Concepts Subjective Perception of reality How an individual believes life to be is more important than how life is in reality Unity and Patterns of Human Personality Personality can only be understood holistically and systematically Our personality is unified through the life goal Behaviour as Purposeful and Goal-Oriented We set goals for ourselves and our behaviour becomes unified in the context of these goals Interested in future 6. Major Concepts Striving for Significance and Superiority People seek mastery by striving for perfection and coping with inferiority Once we experience Inferiority strive for superiority ( striving from a perceived lower position to a higher position )Formation of Individuality Lifestyle ( Basic orientation to life ) It is through our lifestyle that we move toward our life goal 7. Major Concepts Social Interest Our awareness of being a part of the humancommunity and striving for a better future forhumanity Our happiness and success are largelyrelated to our social connectedness 8. Major Concepts Birth Order and SiblingRelationships Even though children share the same environment in the family constellation, psychological situation of each child is different because of the birth order Adler identifies 5 psychological positions --- the oldest, second of only two, the middle, the youngest and the only child 9. Major Concepts The Oldest Child Receives most of theattention and perhaps spoiled,Dependable, Hardworking, jealous of anew child The Second Child of Only Two Oppositeof first born, try to surpass older one, findThe birth order and theout weak point of the older and try tointerpretation of ourexcel in that areaposition in the family The Middle Child Feel cheated, Self pity,influence our interaction inmay become problem child, Act as apeacemaker the world as adults The youngest Child Most pampered,Develops its own ways The Only Child Somewhat oldest, Notlearn to share or cooperate with otherchildren, Want centre stage 10. Adlers View of Psychopathology An exaggerated inferiority feeling and aninsufficiently developed feeling ofcommunity. A woman who was abused by her father asa child may choose to reject anddepreciate all men as vile creatures andnever engage in a satisfactory loverelationship. She may feel lonely, but shecan always feel morally superior to allabusive males who are punished by herrejection. She would rather punish all menfor the sins of her father, than conquer herfears and develop the ability to love oneman. 11. Therapeutic Goals Identifying and exploring mistaken goals and faultyassumptions To develop the clients social interest by increasing onesself awareness Engage parents in a learning experience and acollaborative assessment Challenging and modifying ones fundamental life goalsand basic concepts Therapist provides information, teaching, guiding andoffers encouragement Assisted to change his or her perceptions 12. Therapeutic Techniques and Procedures Establish Relationship Exploration of the clients dynamics exploring how the client functions invarious aspects of his/her life,assessment of lifestyle (family,relationships, circumstances, priorities,dreams etc.) Encouraging insight Supportive,confronting faulty beliefs, mistakengoals, self defeating behaviours andinterpreting here and now behavioursand its consequences etc. Reorientation 13. Thank you