Adjectives in English - Poland

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Transcript of Adjectives in English - Poland

ADJECTIVES IN ENGLISH

ADJECTIVES IN ENGLISHprepared by Joanna WilczyskaMultidisciplinary Flipped Learning with ICTErasmus+ KA2 Project FLwICT(2015 2017)

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

What is an adjective?The simplest definition of an adjective is An adjective is a word used to describe a nounIT GIVES THE READER EXTRA INFORMATION ABOUT IT

Activity 1. Match adjectives with nouns

Activity 1. Match adjectives with nouns

When you write the noun "dog" you give the reader basic information.

What is an adjective?

When you add an adjective, you give the reader information that they can use to create a more detailed picture of the dog.

In this way, adjectives transform the general idea of a dog into the more specific idea of a "muddy old sheep dog".

Activity 2. Find the adjectives

Answers:

Add adjectives

Add adjectives

scaredfrightenedsmalltemporarycuriousbravecrazyfastelectricold-fashionedporcelainnewbigsleezydangerouswildhappyrelaxedsatisfiedexcitedmodernhuge

Activity 2. Can you recognize an adjective when you see one?Underline the adjectives in the following sentences.He is an honest man.

2. The wretched girl sat in the back row.

The racing boat zoomed over the calm surface of the lake.

Our adventurous tour guide led us up the rocky, mountainous path.

Thetall, creamy, delicious milkshake melted on the counter while the inattentive waiter flirted with the pretty cashier.

Jeanne's two fat Siamese cats hog the electric blanket on cold winter evenings.

He is an honest man.

2. The wretched girl sat in the back row.

The racing boat zoomed over the calm surface of the lake.

Our adventurous tour guide led us up the rocky, mountainous path.

Thetall, creamy, delicious milkshake melted on the counter while the inattentive waiter flirted with the pretty cashier.

Jeanne's two fat Siamese cats hog the electric blanket on cold winter evenings. Answers:

Sometimes we use more than one adjective in front of a noun. We often have 2 adjectives in front of a noun:

We sometimes have 3 adjectives in front of a noun, but this is unusual.

It is very unusual to have more than 3 adjectives.

Its a nice comfortable car.

Its a nice comfortable convertible carHow many adjectives before a noun?

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Some adjectives give a general opinion.BIGSome adjectives give a specific opinion.COMFORTABLEOrder of AdjectivesPlace general opinion adjectives before specific opinion adjectivesUse a comma when writing similar adjectives. It was a dark, gloomy night.

However, if the adjectives have different meanings, skip the comma. It was a dark sad night

A big comfortable carAdjectives cannot be written in any order. There are rules. When you list several adjectives in a row, you have to put them in the right order.

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Types of adjectives

NUMBERA number adjective gives information about how many of the noun. Five, severalOPINIONAnopinionadjective explains what you think about something (other people may not agree with you). Silly, beautiful, horrible, difficult, interesting, stupidSIZEAsizeadjective, of course, tells you how big or small something is. Large, tiny, enormous, little, big, thin AGEAnageadjective tells you how young or old something or someone is.Ancient, new, young, old, modern SHAPEAshapeadjective describes the shape of something.Square, round, flat, rectangular COLOURAcolouradjective, of course, describes the colour of something.Blue, pink, reddish, grey ORIGINAnoriginadjective describes where something comes from.French, lunar, American, eastern, Greek, beach MATERIALAmaterialadjective describes what something is made from.Wooden, metal, cotton, paper, plastic PURPOSEApurposeadjective describes what something is used for. These adjectives often end with -ing. Sleeping (as in sleeping bag), roasting (as in roasting tin)

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Types of adjectiveopinionsizeageshapecolouroriginmaterial

bigroundEnglishbrownoldwoodenlovelycoffeeActivity 4. What type of adjectives are these? Can you make a sentence?

Activity 3. Classify the adjectives according to their type.Its a beautiful big new square brown Indian wooden box.BEAUTIFUL - BIG - BROWN - INDIAN - NEW - SQUARE - WOODEN Its a table.opinionsizeageshapecolouroriginmaterialpurposelovelybigoldroundbrownEnglishwoodencoffee

Adjectives describing the noun CAR

It's aconvertible carIt's ablackcarIt's anewcarIt's anexpensivecarIt's abeautiful car.

Its a comfortable car

Its a big carIts a German carIts an elegant car

Its a sports car

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Can you describe the car using sentences with more than one adjective?

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Answers:

Its an expensive new car.Its a modern fast German car.Its a convertible sports big black car.

Thanks to Maria Vidal