ADDITIONAL INFORMATION TO THE WEBINAR ALL YOU NEED IS 2015-06-02¢ THE...
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BE AN EXPERT IN
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION TO THE
ALL YOU NEED IS ECUADOR
ESQUEMA GENERAL DE CONTENIDOS 3er WEBINAR GENERAL CONTENTS
1. The City of Guayaquil
Origins & history
2. Guayaquil Tourist Areas
Malecón Simón Bolívar (Riverfront)
Cerro Santa Ana, Barrio Las Peñas & Puerto Santa Ana
El Estero Salado
3. Guayaquil for Special Interests
Squares, Parks & public spaces
Shopping in the city
Business in the city
Nightlife & events
Congresses & Conventions
4. Guayaquil & its areas of influence
5. Infrastructure & Services in the City
6. Visiting Guayaquil
Guayaquil in 3 days
From Guayaquil to other destinations within Ecuador
Price range to visit the city
Main reasons for selling Guayaquil
THE CITY OF GUAYAQUIL
LOCATION IN ECUADOR
Located in the south coast of the Pacific Ocean, at the banks of Guayas River and crossed by several estuaries such as “El Salado”. ESSENTIAL INFORMATION
Main Port of the country Population: More than 2’600,000 Altitude: 4 m. (13 ft.) in average Warm climate with average temperatures from 23 °C (73 °F) to 32 °C (89°F). Humidity: 70%- 75%
GUAYAQUIL, THE CITY, ITS ORIGINS & HISTORY Huancavilca Culture (500 DC-1530)
In the pre-Columbian era, Guayaquil region was inhabited by several settlements which included diverse cultures, religions and chiefdoms. The people who settled near the river were the product of migration that occurred from the “Manteña” Culture so they became known as the “Southern Manteños” or “Huancavilca” Culture.
Spanish Colonization (1538-1820 After two earlier attempts, it is said that Francisco de Orellana founded the city of Guayaquil for the third time on the 25th of July 1538 at the foot of Santa Ana hill also known as “Cerro de la Culata”. From this settlement, the city did not move anymore and started a process of urban expansion, suffering several pirates’ attacks as well as many fires.
Independence (1820-1822) Once in other parts of the Royal Audience of Quito, failed attempts of emancipation were held, on the 9th of October 1820, Guayaquil declared its independence from the Spanish empire, joining thus the independence cause of the other continent’s regions.
Guayaquil Division or South District of The Great Colombia (1822-1830) Bolívar and San Martín meeting, known as the “Liberators meeting”, took place on the 26th of July, 1822, and resulted in the agreements of the definition for the Peruvian independence and the annexation of Guayaquil to the Great Colombia. On July 31st 1822, this city became the Department of Guayaquil which was part of the Great Colombia’s Southern District.
Guayaquil, economic engine of the republic (1830-1985) Since 1830, Guayaquil became part of the Republic of Ecuador, going though different political periods: “Flores” administration, Periods: “marcista”, then “garcianismo”. The liberal revolution began in 1895 under the administration of the President Eloy Alfaro, and in 1896 Guayaquil’s great fire burns and destroys half of the city.
In the 20th Century, Guayaquil showed economic and demographic growth, although the city had to withstand the effects of the great depression; the Second World War; and, the ravages of the 1941 Peru-Ecuador war. Political instability lasted until late 20th Century.
The 21st Century City In the year 2000, the “Guayaquil Siglo XXI” foundation sees the light in order to be in charge of the urban regeneration process, which among other activities include: the reconstruction, refurbishment, transformation or improvement of the city assets for public use; the improvement and transformation of buildings under public or private domain; the administration with conservation aim, maintenance and improvement of the urban regeneration works.
Malecón Simón Bolívar in the past Current view of Malecón Simón Bolívar
CITY RECOGNITIONS Over the years, the city of Guayaquil has been worthy of national and international recognitions, among them we can mention:
Cradle of Liberty, October 9th, 1820.
Model of Human Development and Urban Regeneration, UNDP, 2003.
Prize to the best system of “sustainable transportation in a developing country”,
United Nations Centre for Regional Development, 2007
GUAYAQUIL TOURIST AREAS Guayaquil spreads along the Guayas River; in this area lays the center of the city where the main tourist areas are to be found as follows: Malecón Simón Bolívar (Riverfront) Las Peñas, Cerro Sta. Ana & Pto. Santa Ana Downtown El Estero Salado
MALECÓN SIMÓN BOLÍVAR
The Malecón or Riverwalk Simón Bolívar has become one of the most successful projects of urban recovery in America. It features more than 2.5 km of public areas, culture, entertainment, green spaces, history and more. This Riverwalk, a good representative of the city’s tradition and modernity was recognized as a “Healthy Public Space” by the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) and by the World Health Organization (WHO). Four main areas can be distinguished in the Malecón Simón Bolívar: SOUTH AREA In this area there are conventions areas and spaces, shopping options and local fast food restaurants; among some of the interesting places are: Latin-American Integration Square Cristal Palace Handcrafts Market, Mall and restaurants area
Square Next to Cristal Palace
CENTRAL ZONE Symbolic historical places and monuments are to be found in the Malecón’s central zone; they display some characteristics of Guayaquil’s traditions and culture; among them: Moorish Tower Pier of Morgan Boat Monument to the 4 elements The Civic Square
La Rotonda *Mintur THE “MALECÓN” GARDENS
A charming green area in front of the
Guayas River, it has open air squares from where you can appreciate the great diversity of plant species that serve as a refuge for many birds which are attracted by the lush greenery of this area as well as for its small lagoon.
NORTH ZONE Art, Culture, sports and entertainment options meet in the northern area of the Riverwalk “Malecón Simón Bolívar”; some of the most relevant places and activities are: Museum of miniatures Guayaquil in
history MAAC (Museum of contemporary arts
and anthropology) Cinema Malecón IMAX Food court Open areas for dancing and exercises.
Área Norte Malecón Simón Bolívar
LAS PEÑAS, CERRO SANTA ANA & PUERTO SANTA ANA
The past, the present and the future of the city merge in only one place, sharing in relative
small area their unique and special characteristics that represent Guayaquil’s different faces,
from its foundation to our days.
The areas that merge here are:
Las Peñas, the neighborhood located at the foot of the hill where Guayaquil was born
This is the first neighborhood of Guayaquil;
it is approximately 400 years old and is
characterized by its wooden houses in
bright colors with the traditional
architectural style of the beginning of the
20th century and for its narrow cobbled-
Numa Pompillo Llona Street
Santa Ana Hill, example of the recovery of the city and witness of Guayaquil’s current
Climbing the 444 steps and passing by
colorful buildings, several local
businesses, squares, and the Navy
Museum El Fortin, you get to the top of
this 60 meters high hill. From this point
visitors have a 360-degree view of the
Santa Ana Hill Stairs
Santa Ana Port, Future projection of Guayaquil
This is an area of urban development of 4
hectares approximately. In this modern
architecture area, there are some squares,
fountains, theme museums such as: Julio
Jaramillo Popular Music Museum and the
Beer Museum. It also features a Riverwalk
in front of the Guayas River. To the north, a
complex of buildings called “Ciudad del Río”
rises, this place boasts the most modern
buildings, including: “The Point”; with 36
floors and 137 meters high, currently, the
highest skyscraper in Ecuador.
Santa Ana Port, The Point