Acts: Luke’s Second Volume

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Acts: Luke’s Second Volume. Luke 1:1-4 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Acts: Lukes Second VolumeLuke 1:1-4 Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word. Therefore, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.Acts 1:1 In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach until the day he was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles he had chosen

  • Acts: Lukes Second VolumeActs of the ApostlesPeter: Chapters 1-12Paul: Chapters 13-28Acts of the Holy SpiritPentecost (Acts 2)Mighty Deeds/WondersActs of the Holy Spirit through PeoplePeter - Paul - Stephen - Philip - Barnabas - Priscilla

  • What is Acts?History?Theology?Theological History: Divine Explanation for On-going Work of Jesus in and through People

  • Reading Keys for ActsExamples of Divine Explanation Apostles need explanation about Nature of Kingdom: Acts 1:6 2. People need explanation about nature of Spirit: Acts 2:12; 2:17-21; 2:37

  • Reading Keys for ActsExamples of Divine Explanation 3. Jewish Leaders need explanation about Power of God in the Christian movement Acts 4:7; 5:38-424. Christian Leaders need explanation about nature of New Testament Church Acts 10:17-21

  • Outline of ActsActs 1:8But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and in Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.Chapters 1-12Primarily PeterPrimarily JewishChapters 13-28Primarily PaulPrimarily Gentile

  • Jews, Samaritans, God-fearersJews, Samaritans, God-fearers, GentilesJews onlyJerusalem Chs.2-7Judea and Samaria Chs. 8-12Ends of the Earth Chs. 13-28RomeOutline of Acts

  • Outline of ActsActs 1:8But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and in Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.Goal #1Geographic (Rome)Goal #2Missionary (Witnesses)Goal #3Spirit-Filled Witness

  • Unique Contribution of Acts 1. History and Theology in Speeches30% (300 out of 1,000 verses) of Acts is in the form of speechesChristian SpeechesPeter (8 speeches)Paul (9 speeches)Stephen (7:2-53)James (15:13-21)Non-Christian SpeechesGamaliel (5:35-39)Ephesus Town Clerk (19:35-40)Festus (25:24-27)

  • Unique Contribution of Acts2. The Exalted ChristBegan in Volume 1, Luke Jesus Words(Luke 9:1) Actual ascension (Luke 24:50-51)Continues in volume 2, Acts Luke the Narrator (Acts 1:1-2) Angels (Acts 1:9) Peters Sermon (Acts 2:33) Stephens Death (Acts 7:55)

  • Unique Contribution of Acts3. The Holy SpiritBegan in Volume 1, Luke Birth Narrative of John the Baptist (Luke 1:15; 1:17) Birth Narrative of Jesus (Luke 1:35; 1:41) Zechariahs Prophecy / Song(Luke 1:67) Simeons Prophecy in Temple(Luke 2:25; 2:26; 2:27) Jesus Baptism(Luke 3:16; 3:22) Jesus 1st Sermon (Luke 4:17)

  • Unique Contribution of Acts3. The Holy SpiritContinues in Volume 2, Acts Opening Narrative (Acts 1:2) Jesus Instruction (Acts 1:5; 8) Pentecost (Acts 2) Character and ministry of Apostles (Acts 4:8; 6:3; 6:5; 7:55; 11:24) Guidance (Acts 16:6; 16:7; 20:22) Prophecy (Acts 20:23; 21:4; 21:10-11) Holy Spirit permeates Christian life and ministry at every conceivable point

  • Unique Contribution of Acts4. The EMERGING ChurchNot fixed but dynamic Jerusalem (Acts 2:42-47; 4:32-37)Judea & Samaria Philip and Ethiopian (8:26-40)Ends of the Earth (Rome)Paul and Barnabas in Lystra (14:8-18)Church and Evangelistic approach must change with culture. (Cultural Contextualization)

  • Unique Contribution of Acts4. The EMERGING ChurchCentral authority; diverse leadership Apostles in Jerusalem (Acts 2-5) Deacons Chosen (Acts 6)Minister (Acts 7-9:31); BUT Apostles Oversee (Acts 9:32-15:35) Mission to Gentiles (Acts 12-28)Appointment of Elders (14:21-23)and Gentile churches support MotherChurch in Jerusalem (Collection; 1 Cor 16:1)

  • World of ActsRoman RuleJulius Caesar(d. 44 B.C.)Caesar Augustus (a.k.a. Octavian)(27 B.C.-A.D.14) (Luke 2:1)Tiberius (A.D.14-37)(Luke 3:1)Caligula(A.D.37-41)Claudius (A.D.41-54) (Acts 11:28; 18:2)Nero (A.D.54-68) (Acts 25:10-12; 27:24)

  • Roman EmperorsDatesNamesScriptures27 BC - AD 14Augustus (Octavian)Luke 2:114 - 37TiberiusLuke 3:137 - 41Caligula (Gaius)-41 - 54ClaudiusActs 11:28; 18:254 - 68NeroActs 25:10; 28:1968Galba-69Otho-69Vitellius-69 - 79Vaspasian-79 - 81Titus-81 - 96Domitian-96 - 98Nerva-98 - 117Trajan-117 - 138Hadrian

  • World of ActsHellenistic WorldRome ruled the world through military might BUTGreece influenced the world through ideasLanguage Social OrderReligionsNo separation of politics / religion / social worldSummary:New Testament Church was not born in a religious or cultural vacuum.

  • Acts 2 - Pentecost1. The Event of Pentecost (2:1-13)a. The Fulfillment of the Fathers PromiseLuke 24:45-49 / Acts 1:8

  • Acts 2 - Pentecost1. The Event of Pentecost (2:1-13)b. The Description of the eventTiming: Feast of Pentecost (50 days after Passover)Celebration of Harvest (Ex 23:16)Celebration of Giving of Law (Anniversary of Giving of Law)Jewish tradition associates Mt Sinai with wind, fire, voice Heb 12:18-19Three Signs: Sound like . . . Blowing windSight like . . . Tongues of fireSpeak in other languages (dialects)

  • Acts 2 - PentecostTongues: Glossolalia Acts 2 vs. 1 Corinthians 12 & 14Different in directionPublic Praise to God 2:11 14:2; 14-17, 28Different in CharacterUnderstoodUnintelligible, by allneeded interpreterDifferent in purposeBearing witnessSelf -Edification; to outpouring of Building of ChurchHoly Spirit

  • Acts 2 - PentecostOf prophecy and tongues, which does Paul encourage more for the Corinthians (14:1-2, 5)?What is the main draw back to the use of tongues in worship, according to 14:2, 4, 5, 7-12, 13-17, 19?Did Paul speak in tongues (14:18)? Do you think he was being Tongue in cheek here in reference to his ability to speak numerous languages or that he really did privately speak in ecstatic speech (cf. Rom 8:26)?Under what circumstances did Paul allow the use of tongues in public worship?Did Paul forbid speaking in tongues?

  • Acts 2 - Pentecost2. The Explanation of Pentecost (2:14-41)a. Speeches in ActsComplete Verbatim accounts or summaries?With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, Save yourselves from this corrupt generation. (2:40-41)Summaries abound in Acts. (2:47; 4:4; 5:14; 6:7; 9:31; 9:42; 11:21; 12:24; 13:48; 16:5; 19:20; 28:30-31)

  • Acts 2 - Pentecost2. The Explanation of Pentecost (2:14-41)b. Formation of the Kerygma of Jesus*Foretold in Scriptures 2:14-21*Jesus life2:22*Jesus Death 2:23*Jesus Resurrection 2:24-32*Jesus Exaltation 2:33-36*Jesus Salvation 2:37-39*Jesus New Community 2:40-41

  • Acts 6 Choosing of Deacons1. Problem: Numbers growing, Care deterioratingHebrew widows cared for; Greeks overlookedThese cultural and social distinctions perpetuated into the new community; and had to be eliminated (see John 17:22; Gal 3:28; Eph 2:14-18; Col 3:11)2. Solution: The Twelve appoint SevenNote:All seven had Greek names The deacons move the Gospel (6:7)

  • Acts 9 Damascus Road Experience1. Paul the Persecutor (Acts 8:1-4, 9:1-3)Note 1:8 vs. 8:1 Jerusalem (Acts 2-7)Judea/Samaria (8-12)Ends of the earth (13-28)

    Note 8:3-4Paul attempts to destroy the churchThe church was scatteredWord to SamariaQs. How does this impact our view of persecution?

  • Acts 9 Damascus Road ExperienceWho Was Saul (Paul) before meeting Jesus?born in TarsusJew, Pharisee of Pharisee (Phil 3:4-6)trained by Gamaliel I, in Jerusalemmost likely tri-lingual (Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic; Acts 22:1)

  • Acts 9 Damascus Road ExperienceWhy was Saul (Paul) a persecutor of Christians? (Acts 9:1-2)1. Pauls persecution of the Christian Church could be validated through scripture!Phil 3:4-6Deut 21:23Numbers 25:1-15

  • Acts 9 Damascus Road Experience2. Pauls persecution of the Church could be validated through extra-Biblical history! 2 Macc 6:13In fact, it is a sign of great kindness not to let the impious alone for long, but to punish them immediately! Qumran (Dead Sea Scrolls)A righteous man shows unremitting hatred toward all men of ill repute (1QS 9:22)The nearer I draw to you, the more I am filled with zeal against all who do wickedness (1QS 4:13)

  • Acts 9 Damascus Road Experience3. Pauls persecution could be validated through Jewish and Roman public policy!Josephus records a friendly relationship renewed which makes Rome overall rulers but the Sadducean high priests were given authority over most internal matters, especially in strictly religious matters. (Antiq XIII, 259-66; XIV 145-48) See Acts 9:1-2

  • Acts 9 Damascus Road ExperienceWhat Happened on the Road? (Acts 9:3-6)Saw a light from Heaven / Heard a Voice2. Brief EncounterJesus: Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?Paul: Who are you, Lord?Jesus: I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting

  • Acts 9 Damascus Road ExperienceRevelation of Christ that Paul was confronted with:1. Jesus is alive!Must revaluate everything, since God has raised him from the dead2. Paul stands under Gods rebuke! Light and Voice from heaven corrected him

  • Acts 9 Damascus Road ExperienceRevelation of Christ that Paul was confronted with:3. Jesus and His church are one bodyWhy do you persecute me?4. Mission to GentilesNo distinction between Jew and Gentiles

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